[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Phenazine 5,10-dioxides are prodrugs for antitumor therapy that undergo hypoxic-selective bioreduction to form cytotoxic species. Here we investigate the expanded system benzo[a]phenazine 7,12-dioxides as selective hypoxic cytotoxin-scaffold. The clonogenic survival of V79 cells on aerobic and anaerobic conditions, conduct us to study antiproliferative activity on Caco-2 tumoral cells in normoxia. Electrochemical, DNA-interaction and DNA-damage studies were performed to establish the mode of action. The results demonstrated the potential biological properties of the studied scaffold being derivatives 6-10 structural hits for further chemical-modifications to become into therapeutics for solid tumors. Compounds 6 and 8 with cytotoxicity against V79 cells in both conditions (aerobia and anaerobia) were also cytotoxic against Caco-2 tumoral cells in aerobiosis.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The synthesis and evaluation as hypoxic selective cytotoxins of new derivatives of 2-amino or 2-hydroxyphenazine 5,10-dioxide are described. The compounds were developed as structural analogs of other bioreductive compounds and its in vitro cytotoxicities on V79 cells under hypoxic and aerobic conditions were determined. To gain insight into its mechanism of action electrochemical behavior, interaction with DNA experiments and QSAR studies were performed.
No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Medicinal Chemistry