[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Optical manipulation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells with high density green photons conferred protection against the deleterious effects of UV radiation. Combining chemical screening with UV irradiation of yeast cells, it was noted that the high density green photons relied on the presence of intact unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway to exert their protective effect and that the low Ca(2+) conditions boosted the effect. UPR chemical inducers tunicamycin, dithiotreitol and calcium chelators augmented the green light effect in a synergic action against UV-induced damage. Photo-manipulation of cells was a critical factor since the maximum protection was achieved only when cells were pre-exposed to green light.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Green tea extracts (GTEs) as well as their main component, the polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), are known for their versatile antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitumoral or anti-inflammatory effects. In spite of the huge beneficial action, there is increasing evidence that under certain conditions green tea and its components can be detrimental to living organisms. Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains with various defects in the response to oxidative stress, we found that GTEs or EGCG act in synergy with visible light, exhibiting either deleterious or protective effects depending on the solvent employed. Similar synergistic effects could be observed under singlet oxygen-generating conditions, such as light exposure in the presence of photosensitizers or UV-A irradiation, therefore solvent variance may represent a powerful tool to modulate the preparation of green tea extracts, depending on the intended target.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper presents a new technique for investigating the modifications induced by high-density green light [GL] on water in NaCl solutions. Solutions of 0,45 g% and 0,9 g%, irradiated with green light (λ=527 nm, intensity 3·10 5 Lx) were used. As a receptor for measuring the irradiation effect we used red blood cell (RBC) permeability in hypotonic media, the so-called osmotic shock. After RBC lysis in hypotonic medium, the released hemoglobin was spectrophotometrically determined at λ=550 nm. The values of the osmotic shock for the samples obtained with GL-irradiated NaCl solutions were significantly lower than the values obtained with non-irradiated controls. This may indicate that the penetration of water inside the membranes canaliculi is hindered. This new type of result was complemented by chronoamperometry and impedance spectroscopy determinations. The current density of the irradiated solution decreases from the value of 29.5 μA·cm -2 in the control to 17.74 μA·cm -2 in the irradiated sample with a corresponding decrease of ionic mobility. The impedance value of the GL irradiated NaCl solutions were significantly lower than the control values, thus correlating well with the data recorded by chronoamperometry. All these data may indicate large water cluster formation through GL irradiation which are beyond the cellular aquaporine channels capacity. A similar process is identified by using red light, as well as blue light, though with a much smaller output.
No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper presents two new experimental results: the protective effect of green light (GL) on ultraviolet (UV) denaturation of proteins, and the effect of GL on protein macromolecular structures. The protective effect of GL was revealed on two serum albumins, bovine (BSA) and human (HSA), and recorded by electrophoresis, absorption, and circular dichroism spectra. The effect of GL irradiation on protein structure was recorded by using fluorescence spectroscopy and electrophoresis. These new effects were modeled by quantum-chemistry computation using Gaussian 03 W, leading to good fit between theoretical and experimental absorption and circular dichroism spectra. A mechanism for these phenomena is suggested, based on a double-photon absorption process. This nonlinear effect may lead to generation of long-lived Rydberg macromolecular systems, capable of long-range interactions. These newly suggested systems, with macroscopic quantum coherence behaviors, may block the UV denaturation processes.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Biophysics of Structure and Mechanism
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Free radicals generation is inhibited through green light (GL) irradiation in cellular systems and in chemical reactions. Standard melanocyte cultures were UV-irradiated and the induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were quantified by the fluorescence technique. The same cell cultures, previously protected by a 24h GL exposure, displayed a significantly lower ROS production. A simple chemical reaction is subsequently chosen, in which the production of free radicals is well defined. Paraffin wax and mineral oil were GL irradiated during thermal degradation and the oxidation products checked by chemiluminescence [CL] and Fourier transform infrared spectra [FT-IR]. The same clear inhibition of the radical oxidation of alkanes is recorded. A quantum chemistry modeling of these results is performed and a mechanism involving a new type of Rydberg macromolecular systems with implications for biology and medicine is suggested.
No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology