Peng Zhang

Southern Medical University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

Are you Peng Zhang?

Claim your profile

Publications (10)25.63 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proper formation of neuronal dendritic branching is crucial for correct brain function. The number and distribution of receptive synaptic contacts are defined by the size and shape of dendritic arbors. Our previous research found that protocadherin 11 X-linked protein (Pcdh11x) is predominantly expressed in neurons and has an influence on dendritic branching. In this study, gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments revealed that Pcdh11x acts as a negative regulator of dendritic branching in cultured cortical neurons derived from embryonic day 16 mice. Overexpression of wild-type Pcdh11x (Pcdh11x-GFP) reduced dendritic complexity, whereas knockdown of Pcdh11x increased dendritic branching. It was further demonstrated that Pcdh11x activates PI3K/AKT signaling to negatively regulate dendritic branching.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although various ways to manipulate genes in vivo exist, in utero electroporation is a widely used technique, especially in the field of neural development due to its many advantages. In this study, we focused on direct comparison between three puncture sites during in utero electroporation on the death rate of embryos, the thickness and the area of cortex, cell differentiation, cell proliferation, cell migration and cell apoptosis. We found no statistical significant differences between the three puncture methods in the death rate of embryos, the thickness and the area of cortex, cell differentiation, cell proliferation, cell migration and cell apoptosis.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Neuroscience Letters
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protocadherin 11 X-linked (Pcdh11x) protein is a member of the cadherin superfamily with established roles in cell adhesion. Previous studies have shown the molecular biology and possible relevance of Pcdh11x with neurological disease in humans. However, little is known about the neurophysiological function of Pcdh11x in neural development. Here, we verified that Pcdh11x is primarily expressed in various brain areas including the cortex, hippocampus, and ventricular/subventricular zone (VZ/SVZ) at different embryonic stages. Furthermore, both in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that Pcdh11x decreased neural differentiation but increased the neural proliferation. These observations demonstrate a crucial function for Pcdh11x during the development of central nervous system.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered a promising tool for cell-based therapies of nervous system diseases. Bone marrow (BM) has been the traditional source of MSCs (BM-MSCs). However, there are some limitations for their clinical use, such as the decline in cell number and differentiation potential with age. Recently, amniotic fluid (AF)-derived MSCs (AF-MSCs) have been shown to express embryonic and adult stem cell markers, and can differentiate into cells of all three germ layers. In this study, we isolated AF-MSCs from second-trimester AF by limiting dilution and compared their proliferative capacity, multipotency, neural differentiation ability, and secretion of neurotrophins to those of BM-MSCs. AF-MSCs showed a higher proliferative capacity and more rapidly formed and expanded neurospheres compared to those of BM-MSCs. Both immunocytochemical and quantitative real-time PCR analyses demonstrated that AF-MSCs showed higher expression of neural stemness markers than those of BM-MSCs following neural stem cell (NSC) differentiation. Furthermore, the levels of brain-derived growth factor and nerve growth factor secreted by AF-MSCs in the culture medium were higher than those of BM-MSCs. In addition, AF-MSCs maintained a normal karyotype in long-term cultures after NSC differentiation and were not tumorigenic in vivo. Our findings suggest that AF-MSCs are a promising and safe alternative to BM-MSCs for therapy of nervous system diseases.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although human amnion derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSC) are a promising source of stem cells, their therapeutic potential for traumatic brain injury (TBI) has not been widely investigated. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of AMSC using a rat TBI model. AMSC were isolated from human amniotic membrane and characterized by flow cytometry. After induction, AMSC differentiated in vitro into neural stem-like cells (AM-NSC) that expressed higher levels of the neural stem cell markers, nestin, sox2 and musashi, in comparison to undifferentiated AMSC. Interestingly, the neurotrophic factors, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), neurotrophin 3 (NT-3), glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) were markedly upregulated after neural stem cell induction. Following transplantation in a rat TBI model, significant improvements in neurological function, brain tissue morphology, and higher levels of BDNF, NGF, NT-3, GDNF and CNTF, were observed in the AM-NSC group compared with the AMSC and Matrigel groups. However, few grafted cells survived with minimal differentiation into neural-like cells. Together, our results suggest that transplantation of AM-NSC promotes functional rehabilitation of rats with TBI, with enhanced expression of neurotrophic factors a likely mechanistic pathway.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Neurochemical Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Functional neuroimaging techniques act as the navigator to assess changes in brain activity induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in rTMS studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) to measure the brain activity in rTMS studies. Eighteen Wistar rats were randomized into three groups (n = 6) including a high rTMS group, a low rTMS group and a sham stimulation group (controls). They were given rTMS of 10 Hz, 1 Hz or sham stimulation for 5 hours separately. MEMRI was used to assess the changes of brain activity. Compared with the controls, image intensity was enhanced differently in various brain regions on T1-weighted images after rTMS with different frequencies, higher intensity and wider enhancement occurred in the high frequency rTMS group as compared with that in the low frequency rTMS group. MEMRI can be used to reveal the changes of brain activity in live rats following rTMS. Significance: The current experiment might provide a new functional neuroimaging technique for the study of rTMS.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Neurological Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study further investigates the influence of temporarily disrupting the blood-brain barrier (BBB) on the level of manganese used in AIM fMRI other than the recognized function of allowing that substance to enter into the activated brain regions more effectively during the BBB opening. We injected manganese into Wistar rats through ICA following the disruption of BBB with mannitol in a functional MRI test of the visual cortex. Through comparing MRI signal intensity and manganese contents in the visual cortex of rats received visual stimuli of unequal degree after the restoration of BBB, we found that the signal in the visual cortex could be further enhanced on T1WI given visual stimulation after the restoration of BBB. Temporary BBB disruption has an additional advantage in allowing Mn(2+) to enter the CSF or brain for later transference to the activated brain area. So the dosage of manganese in AIM fMRI could be minimized by extending the stimulus.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Brain Imaging and Behavior
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) of the brain requires delivery of manganese into the target brain regions. It was previously shown that, following intranasal application, ongoing olfactory stimulation facilitates manganese transport along the olfactory nerve into the olfactory bulb, so bypassing the blood-brain barrier (BBB). We report on experiments to evaluate whether visual stimulation can permit manganese transport onwards from the olfactory bulb to the visual cortex. Rats in intact olfactory bulb group were reserved intact olfactory bulb, while those in olfactory bulbectomy group received bilateral bulbectomy. After intranasal MnCl(2) administration, olfactory and visual stimulations were performed on all the animals for a consecutive 20 h. The visual cortex was then examined using MEMRI. Enhanced imaging on T1WI was noted in the visual cortex of the intact olfactory bulb group. Image subtraction revealed that the signal intensity in the visual cortex of the intact olfactory bulb group was significantly higher than that of olfactory bulbectomy group. Volume of interest (VOI) analysis also showed that normalized intensities in the visual cortex of the intact olfactory bulb group were significantly higher as compared with those of the olfactory bulbectomy group. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) confirmed that the manganese content in the visual cortex of the intact olfactory bulb group was increased in comparison with that of the olfactory bulbectomy group. These findings indicate that activity-induced manganese-dependent functional MRI (AIM fMRI) of the rat visual cortex can be performed following intranasal administration of manganese and demonstrate that manganese can migrate from the olfactory bulb to the visual cortex.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Neuroscience Letters
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neurotrophin-3 (NT3) is an important neurotrophic factor for spinal cord injury (SCI) repair. However, constant exchange of cerebrospinal fluid often decreases the effective dosage of NT3 at the targeted injury site. In the present study, a recombinant collagen-binding NT3 (CBD-NT3), consisting of a collagen-binding domain (CBD) and native NT3, was constructed. Linear rat-tail collagen (LRTC) was used as a physical carrier for CBD-NT3 to construct a LRTC/C3 system. The collagen-binding ability of CBD-NT3 was verified, and the bioactivity of CBD-NT3 was assayed with neurite outgrowth of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) explants and DRG cells in vitro. After complete spinal cord transection in rats, LRTC/CBD-NT3 or the LRTC/NT3 system was transplanted into the injury site. Hindlimb locomotion recovery was closely observed using the Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale and the grid walk test. Significant improvement was observed in the LRTC/CBD-NT3 group. The results of regenerating nerve fiber and anterograde tracing of biotinylated dextran amine (BDA)-labeled corticospinal tract (CST) fibers demonstrated axonal regeneration of LRTC/CBD-NT3 in the injured spinal cord. Serotonin fiber regrowth also illustrated the effectiveness of LRTC/CBD-NT3. Thus, collagen-binding NT3 with LRTC may provide an effective method for treating SCI.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Journal of neurotrauma
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are responsible for postnatal vasculogenesis in physiological and pathological neovascularization. Adipose tissue (AT) is an abundant source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which have multipotent differentiation ability. We successfully derived EPCs from AT, which maintained a strong proliferative capacity and demonstrated the characteristic endothelial function of uptaking of acetylated low-density lipoprotein. They formed tube-like structures in vitro. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression in EPCs was similar to that in mature endothelial cells. Transplantation of EPCs derived from AT after the acute phase was applied in rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Transplanted EPCs participated in the neovascularization of injured brain. Improving functional recovery, reducement of deficiency volume of brain, host astrogliosis and inflammation were found. These results suggest that adult AT derived stem cells can be induced to functional EPCs and have beneficial effect on cell therapy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Neuroscience Letters