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Publications (2)3.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) disorders have variable clinical manifestations which are mainly neurologic. Diagnosis in children is more complex than in adults because the classic phenotype, ragged red fibers, and mtDNA mutations are rarely seen in children. Moreover, clinical manifestations of disease in developing brains are less explicit. Although not specific, neuroimaging may be contributory to the diagnosis of these disorders in pediatric patients. Brain magnetic resonance images were reviewed for 133 pediatric patients investigated for a MRC disorder at a single center over a period of 10 years (1997-2006), in an attempt to identify distinctive neuroimaging features of MRC defects. Patients fit into four groups, according to the Bernier criteria: definite (63 cases), probable (53 cases), possible (7 cases) and unlikely diagnosis (10 cases). Brain atrophy (41 cases), supratentorial white matter lesions (14 cases), basal ganglia involvement (9 cases), and delayed myelination (9 cases) were the most frequent anomalies in the definite group, and 8 patients presented Leigh syndrome. Neuroimaging findings of the 63 children in the definite group were compared with the remainder and with those in the possible and unlikely groups. There were no significant differences in brain images between the groups analyzed, and therefore no distinctive brain imaging features were identified specific for MRC disorders.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Pediatric Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: The present study reviewed mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders diagnosed at the sole tertiary pediatric hospital in the Centro region of Portugal and estimated incidence and prevalence in this region. The Bernier criteria were used to retrospectively classify 200 children investigated from 1997 to 2006. A total of 78 patients were assigned with definite primary mitochondrial disorder, two thirds presenting in the first year of life. At presentation, 61 children had neuromuscular symptoms. Neurologic, ophthalmologic, growth retardation, muscular, cardiac, respiratory, hepatic, hematologic, and digestive symptoms were the most frequent clinical features. A classic mitochondrial syndrome was identified in 12 children, 6 of them with Leigh syndrome. Major respiratory chain enzymatic defects were detected in 73 cases. Pathogenic mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA mutations (or both) were observed in 9 children. Mortality was 29.5%, with median age of death at 8 months. Survival was shorter for patients with onset at infancy or children with liver or cardiac involvement, or with lactic acidosis. Estimated incidence of mitochondrial disorders in children less than 10-years-old was 1.5/10,000, and point prevalence was 5.4/100,000, respectively. These disorders seem to have a high incidence and poor prognosis in the Centro region of Portugal.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Pediatric Neurology