Kerstin Böhm

Max-Delbrück-Centrum für Molekulare Medizin, Berlín, Berlin, Germany

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Publications (3)6.97 Total impact

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    Full-text · Dataset · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Selective inhibitors of the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 (src homology region 2 domain phosphatase; PTPN11), an enzyme that is deregulated in numerous human tumors, were generated through a combination of chemical synthesis and structure-based rational design. Seventy pyridazolon-4-ylidenehydrazinyl benzenesulfonates were prepared and evaluated in enzyme assays. The binding modes of active inhibitors were simulated in silico using a newly generated crystal structure of SHP2. The most powerful compound, GS-493 (4-{(2Z)-2-[1,3-bis(4-nitrophenyl)-5-oxo-1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazol-4-yliden]hydrazino}benzenesulfonic acid; 25) inhibited SHP2 with an IC50 value of 71±15 nM in the enzyme assay and was 29- and 45-fold more active toward SHP2 than against related SHP1 and PTP1B. In cell culture experiments compound 25 was found to block hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-stimulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma (HPAF) cells, as indicated by a decrease in the minimum neighbor distances of cells. Moreover, 25 inhibited cell colony formation in the non-small-cell lung cancer cell line LXFA 526L in soft agar. Finally, 25 was observed to inhibit tumor growth in a murine xenograft model. Therefore, the novel specific compound 25 strengthens the hypothesis that SHP2 is a relevant protein target for the inhibition of mobility and invasiveness of cancer cells. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · ChemMedChem
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    ABSTRACT: The extracellular phytase of the plant-associated Klebsiella sp. ASR1 is a member of the histidine-acid-phosphatase family and acts primarily as a scavenger of phosphate groups locked in the phytic acid molecule. The Klebsiella enzyme is distinguished from the Escherichia coli phytase AppA by its sequence and phytate degradation pathway. The crystal structure of the phytase from Klebsiella sp. ASR1 has been determined to 1.7 A resolution using single-wavelength anomalous-diffraction phasing. Despite low sequence similarity, the overall structure of Klebsiella phytase bears similarity to other histidine-acid phosphatases, such as E. coli phytase, glucose-1-phosphatase and human prostatic-acid phosphatase. The polypeptide chain is organized into an alpha and an alpha/beta domain, and the active site is located in a positively charged cleft between the domains. Three sulfate ions bound to the catalytic pocket of an inactive mutant suggest a unique binding mode for its substrate phytate. Even in the absence of substrate, the Klebsiella phytase is closer in structure to the E. coli phytase AppA in its substrate-bound form than to phytate-free AppA. This is taken to suggest a preformed substrate-binding site in Klebsiella phytase. Differences in habitat and substrate availability thus gave rise to enzymes with different substrate-binding modes, specificities and kinetics.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · FEBS Journal

Publication Stats

23 Citations
6.97 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2010-2015
    • Max-Delbrück-Centrum für Molekulare Medizin
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany