Katsuya Ando

Fukushima Medical University, Hukusima, Fukushima, Japan

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Publications (5)16.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We herein report the case of a 61-year-old woman with dilated phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (D-HCM) who had been diagnosed with HCM 17 years previously. On admission, her left ventricle (LV) had marked dilation, dyssynchrony with diffuse severe hypokinesis, and ventricular tachycardia. She had two mutations in the cardiac myosin binding protein-C gene, which were suspected to be the causes of the D-HCM. We performed LV reconstruction surgery and cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator for her drug-resistant severe heart failure. After surgery, her New York Heart Association class dramatically improved, and she has not been re-hospitalized since these treatments.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombin induces vascular responses including the promotion of tissue factor (TF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) protein expression, which is modulated by small GTPases RhoA and Rac1, Ca(2+) signaling and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recent studies have shown that membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) functions not only as a protease but also as a signaling molecule. In this study, we hypothesized that MT1-MMP may mediate RhoA and Rac1 activation and their downstream events in thrombin-stimulated endothelial cells. We used cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). MT1-MMP was silenced by small interfering RNA (siRNA). RhoA was inhibited by C3 exoenzyme, whereas adenovirus-mediated gene transfection of dominant negative RhoA and Rac1 was used for the inhibition of RhoA and Rac1. RhoA and Rac1 activation was determined by pull-down assays. Intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) were fluorescently measured by fura-2 assay. NADPH oxidase activity was determined by lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence. Inhibition of RhoA attenuated thrombin-triggered [Ca(2+)](i) increase and TF and PAI-1 expression in HAECs, whereas thrombin-triggered ROS generation and TF and PAI-1 expression were blocked by inhibition of Rac1. Silencing of MT1-MMP attenuated thrombin-triggered RhoA and Rac1 activation, resulting in the attenuation of downstream events including Ca(2+) signaling, NADPH oxidase activity, ROS generation, and TF and PAI-1 expression. The present study shows that MT1-MMP mediates the RhoA/Ca(2+) and Rac1/NADPH oxidase-dependent signaling pathways in thrombin-induced vascular responses.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
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    ABSTRACT: An advanced glycation end products (AGE)/a receptor for AGE (RAGE) axis plays a key role in diabetic vascular complications. Membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has been shown to function not only as a proteolytic enzyme but also as a signaling molecule. In this study, we investigated the role of MT1-MMP in the AGE/RAGE-triggered signaling pathways in cultured rabbit smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and the molecular interaction between RAGE and MT1-MMP in vitro and in vivo. In SMCs, AGE-activated Rac1 and p47(phox) within 1 min, NADPH oxidase activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation within 5 min, and NF-κB phosphorylation within 15 min, thereby inducing redox-sensitive molecular expression. Silencing of RAGE by small-interfering RNA (siRNA) blocked the AGE-induced signaling pathways. AGE-induced geranylgeranyl transferase I (GGTase I) activity, Rac1·p47(phox) activation, NADPH oxidase activity, ROS generation, and molecular expression were also markedly attenuated by silencing of MT1-MMP. An inhibitor of GGTase I mimicked the effects of MT1-MMP-specific siRNA. Fluorescent immunohistochemistry revealed that MT1-MMP was partially co-localized with RAGE in SMCs, and RAGE was found to form a complex with MT1-MMP in both cultured SMCs and the aortae of diabetic rats by immunoprecipitation. Furthermore, MT1-MMP and RAGE formed a complex in the aortic atherosclerotic lesions of hyperlipidemic rabbits. We show that MT1-MMP plays a crucial role in RAGE-activated NADPH oxidase-dependent signaling pathways and forms a complex with RAGE in the vasculature, thus suggesting that MT1-MMP may be a novel therapeutic target for diabetic vascular complications.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: Small GTPases RhoA and Rac1 play crucial roles in endothelial dysfunction and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. We reported evidence that in thrombin-stimulated endothelial cells, rapid geranylgeranylation is an essential process for full activation of unprocessed RhoA, which is blocked by statin. In this study, we examined the effects of intravenous administration of pravastatin on thrombin-triggered vascular responses in vivo, as well as on the lipid modification of unprocessed forms of RhoA and Rac1 and their activation induced by thrombin. Thrombin (50 U/kg) was intravenously injected with or without 0.3 mg/kg pravastatin into Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rats. Coadministration of pravastatin prevented thrombin-induced impaired endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilation and down-regulated Akt/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation within 1 h, as well as the down-regulation of eNOS protein expression within 4 h. In addition, thrombin increased Rac1/p47(phox)-dependent NAD(P)H oxidase activities of rat aortas within 1 h, resulting in ROS generation, which was prevented by the coadministration of pravastatin. Furthermore, the coadministration of pravastatin prevented thrombin-induced conversion of unprocessed RhoA and Rac1 into the geranylgeranylated forms as well as GTP-loading and membrane translocation within 1 h. Intravenous injection of pravastatin prevents impaired NO-dependent vasodilation and Rac1/NAD(P)H oxidase-mediated-ROS generation by blocking the down-regulation of Akt/eNOS pathways and the full activation of unprocessed RhoA and Rac1 in vivo.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Cardiovascular Research
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    ABSTRACT: Advanced glycation end products (AGE) and a receptor for AGE (RAGE) play a key role in diabetic vascular complications. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and apoptosis contribute to plaque instability. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is crucial for NADPH oxidase-dependent redox signaling pathways in the vascular wall. We investigated the effects of RAS blockade on AGE-triggered signaling pathways and its downstream events, including MMP-9 and apoptosis. We used cultured rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which were stimulated with AGE in the presence or absence of temocaprilat or olmesartan. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) mRNA levels were increased 4 to 6 hours after adding AGE. AGE induced Rac1 and p47(phox) membrane translocation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and NF-kappaB phosphorylation within 15 minutes, and various molecular expressions after 18 hours, which were attenuated by RAS blockade by temocaprilat or olmesartan. AGE-induced RAGE expression, as well as other molecules, including membrane type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), was NADPH oxidase signaling-dependent and blunted by temocaprilat and olmesartan. The parameters of plaque instability, including MMP-9 expression and activity, and apoptosis were up-regulated by AGE, which was markedly attenuated by temocaprilat or olmesartan. Using isolated human monocyte culture, AGE-induced ROS generation and molecular expression were also attenuated by RAS blockade. The present study shows that AGE-triggered NADPH oxidase signaling pathways, including MMP-9 and apoptosis, were attenuated by RAS blockade, which may be an attractive strategy for treating plaque instability in diabetic vascular complications.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis