Juan José Mangas Alonso

Servicio Regional de Investigación y Desarrollo Agroalimentario, Asturias, Spain

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Publications (8)26.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The effect of different treatments involving contact with natural lees on the aromatic profile of cider has been evaluated. Comparing with the untreated ciders, the contact with lees brought about a significant increase of the concentrations of most of the volatile compounds analysed, in particular fatty acids, alcohols, ethyl esters and 3-ethoxy-1-propanol. The opposite was observed among fusel acetate esters and 4-vinylguaiacol. The addition of β-glucanase enhanced the increase of ethyl octanoate, but produced a decrease in the contents of decanoic acid and all of the major volatiles excepting acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate and acetoine, whereas the application of oxygen influenced the rise of the level of 3-ethoxy-1-propanol only. The olfactometric profiles also revealed significant effects of the treatment with lees for ethyl propionate, diacetyl, cis-3-hexenol, acetic acid, benzyl alcohol, and m-cresol, while the addition of oxygen significantly influenced the perception of ethyl hexanoate, 1-octen-3-one, 3-methyl-2-butenol, t-3-hexenol and c-3-hexenol. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Food Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: A high-speed gas chromatography method has been developed to separate the fatty acids in different milk fat fractions obtained via the dry fractionation deodorization process (TIRTIAUX method). Exploratory data techniques, namely cluster analysis and principal component analysis (PCA), were applied to gas chromatographic data for fatty acids composition in these milk fractions. Cluster analysis allowed the authors to visualize natural groupings corresponding to milk fat cracking achieved via the TIRTIAUX method. Principal component plots showed that six fractions are grouped in different classes, each group being clearly distinguished. Furthermore, a relationship was established between these classes and fatty acids through PCA analysis. A discriminant linear model for predicting milk fat classes from fatty acid composition was computed; 99 % of the criterion variable (milk fat class) variance was explained by the constructed model. Enrichment in unsaturated cis-fatty acids in the olein fractions and in the saturated and unsaturated trans-fatty acids in the stearin fractions was visualized from chemometric analysis. This differentiation of the milk fat fractions on the basis of fatty acids composition will enable food industries to use these fractions in both an efficient and safe way to enrich dairy products, or other foods, for healthy consumption.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Food and Bioprocess Technology
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    ABSTRACT: Headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to Fast gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization detector and with quadrupole mass spectrometric detector was employed to study the volatile compounds in Asturian cider apples. The best conditions used for volatile analysis of apple were: sample equilibration at 25 °C for 60 min, followed by polydimethylsiloxane-divinylbenzene fiber exposure to the headspace above the sample for 5 min, and finally thermal desorption of the adsorbed substances in the injector port for GC analysis. The use of Fast gas chromatography allowed the separation of 24 compounds in less than 8 min, reducing the analysis time in 80% compared with conventional gas chromatography. The aromatic profile of 26 crushed apple samples included in Designation of Origin Cider from Asturias was analyzed. The chemometric technique named multiple linear regression allowed us to establish a relationship between apple volatile compounds and the starch index. The results obtained are consistent with the known apple ripening model.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Food and Bioprocess Technology
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a novel, simple and fast method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by high-speed gas chromatography (HSGC) was developed for the analysis of total 1,3-octanediols in apple juices by means of derivatization reaction to volatile 1,3-dioxanes. The derivatization reaction, SPME conditions, glycosidically bound fraction and 1,3-nonanediol as a surrogate standard were studied. The formation of 1,3-dioxanes from 1,3-diols was confirmed by GC-MS. The method was validated obtaining a regression coefficient (r(2)) of 0.9996, precisions between 0.3 and 9.8%, extraction recoveries in the range 94.7-112.2% and LOD of 2.9 microg l(-1). Experimental design has been employed in the optimization of extraction factors and robustness assessment. The method was applied to the analysis of 21 Asturian apple varieties finding a double reciprocal relationship between the concentrations of saturated and unsaturated 1,3-octanediol.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Journal of Chromatography A
  • Roberto Rodríguez Madrera · Anna Picinelli Lobo · Juan José Mangas Alonso
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of cider maturation on the chemical and sensory characteristics of fresh cider spirits was evaluated in the present study. To this end, a single-factor experiment with three maturation levels and five replicates (ciders) per level was developed. Level 1 corresponded to spirits obtained when alcoholic and malolactic fermentation of the ciders ceased, Level 2 corresponded to spirits obtained from ciders with a volatile acidity of 1.0g/L acetic acid, while Level 3 corresponded to spirits made from ciders with a volatile acidity of 1.5g/L acetic acid. Cider maturation significantly influenced the composition of the spirit as regards the ethyl esters of the major organic acids of cider (lactic, acetic and succinic). It also significantly influenced the content of aromas produced by bacterial activity (2-butanol, 2-propen-1-ol, 4-ethylguaiacol and eugenol), the concentration of which was found to increase with higher levels of maturation. The attributes “spicy” and “sweetness” were likewise influenced by the level of cider maturation. The distillates made from the most matured cider (volatile acidity 1.5g acetic acid/L) scored better for “odour quality”.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Food Research International
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 350 colonies isolated from a cider cellar in Asturias (Spain) were identified by rDNA ITS-RFLP restriction analysis. Saccharomyces spp. strains were characterized by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction analysis. Fifty-four different Saccharomyces spp. strains were identified and tested to ascertain their capacity to carry out secondary fermentation of sparkling ciders. The screening of yeasts to determine their principal enological characteristics (tolerance to ethanol, production of volatile acidity and hydrogen sulphide) was accomplished by means of rapid, non-expensive assays (plate agar). As a result, 13 (24%) of the 54 initial Saccharomyces spp. yeast strains were eliminated. The technological properties assessed were flocculation capacity, ethanol and sulphite tolerance, and production of major volatiles. Ten Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were characterized as true flocculants; all of these strains were able to grow in ethanolic medium and in the presence of 200mg/l of sulphite. Applying cluster analysis to the production of amyl alcohols, isobutanol, propanol and 2-phenylethanol, the strains were classified in two natural groups. Two flocculent yeast strains referred to as 3' and 50', representative of the each statistical group, were selected together with two reference strains (Saccharomyces bayanus C6 and S. cerevisiae Levuline CHP) to elaborate four sparkling ciders by the Champenoise method. The analysis of variance (p<0.01) among ciders revealed that glycerol, acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, methanol, propanol, i-butanol and 2-phenylethanol were significantly influenced by the secondary yeast strain. The results of sensory analysis indicated that all the sparkling ciders were scored as good. No significant differences among sparkling ciders were found for odour attributes and taste intensity.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Food Microbiology
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    ABSTRACT: The capacity of alquitara (a traditional distillation system) to produce cider brandies is evaluated. To do so, the chemical composition of 12 fractions obtained during the distillation process and the cider brandies obtained from five ciders were analyzed (alcohol strength, methanol, volatile substances, furfural, and metals), taking into account European and Spanish legislation. During the course of distillation, an important increase in methanol, furfural, 2-phenylethanol, and metals in the last fractions was observed, while fusel oils were more abundant in the first fractions collected. Only acetaldehyde behaved differently, showing a minimum concentration in the middle fractions that might be explained by its formation on the surface of alquitara. On the other hand, the final distillates obtained by means of this method complied with the considered regulations. Worth highlighting in this regard are the low levels of a potential toxin such as methanol, as well as the detection of a constant ratio for methanol, ethanol, and fusel oil for the pairs of cider/spirits analyzed, which could be interpreted as an indication of good uniformity in the distillation system and method, thus guaranteeing product quality.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2007 · Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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    Domingo Blanco Gomis · Natalia Fraga Palomino · Juan José Mangas Alonso
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    ABSTRACT: Capillary liquid chromatography (CLC) is evaluated as an alternative to conventional HPLC to analyse complex phenolics. Several neutral phenolic compounds were separated on a packed-reversed phase fused-silica capillary column, and determined with UV detection. A conventional liquid chromatographic equipment was adapted for such purposes. Application of the proposed method to the quantification of neutral phenols in apple juices is reported. Phenolics are extracted and fractionated into neutral and acidic compounds by means of a C18 solid-phase cartridge. Typical recoveries ranging from 90 to 105% are obtained and reproducibility between extractions is <7% in all cases. Mass detection limits are at the sub-nanogram level.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2001 · Analytica Chimica Acta