[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pericardiectomy is associated with a high prevalence of morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the predictors of in-hospital complications and outcome for pericardiectomy procedure for patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) in a single-center in China.
One-hundred sixty-five patients who underwent pericardiectomy for CP between January 1990 and December 2012 at our hospital were evaluated.
The mean age of the study cohort was 36.79 ± 18.52 years. The approach was through a median sternotomy in 91.5% of patients. Cardiopulmonary bypass was used in 14.5% (24/165 patients). Unadjusted rates of mortality and complication were approximately 5.4% and 23%, respectively. The main cause of death was severe low cardiac output syndrome. Major complications were postoperative low cardiac output syndrome, reoperation for bleeding, pneumonia, mediastinitis, chylothorax and cerebral infarction. One-year survival was 92%. One-year follow-up revealed that New York Heart Association functional class III or IV, age, intraoperative use of cardiac pulmonary bypass and hemodialysis were associated with increased mortality and morbidity.
Total pericardiectomy is associated with lower perioperative and late mortality, and the extent of pericardial resection should be decided according to individual conditions. Perioperative management and complete release of the thickened pericardium of the left ventricle should prevent postoperative complications.
Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
Outcomes of tricuspid valve replacement are poor, partly due to right heart remodelling. The research on its underlying mechanisms is hampered by a lack of animal models of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Our objective was to create a reproducible and clinically compatible TR animal model to study right heart remodelling caused by TR.
Fourteen juvenile male Beagle dogs were divided randomly into an intervention group (n = 11) and a sham-operated control group (n = 3). The intervention group underwent thoracotomy and right atrial incision following superior and inferior vena caval occlusion. The anterior leaflet, together with the chordae, of the tricuspid valve was resected in eight dogs ('one leaflet' group), whereas both anterior and posterior leaflets, together with the chordae, were resected in three dogs ('two leaflets' group). The right atrium and chest were then closed. The control group underwent the same procedure, except leaflet resection. One dog from the 'two leaflets' group and one control dog were sacrificed and autopsy was performed at 12 months post-surgery.
All dogs survived over the 1-year observation period postoperatively. TR grade IV occurred immediately postoperatively in the 'one leaflet' group, and TR grade IV plus in the 'two leaflets' group. The overall procedure lasted 30-40 min, and the mean time of vena caval occlusion was 87 ± 10 s. Central venous pressure increased from 6 ± 1.2 at baseline to 13 ± 1.7 mmHg (P < 0.01). By 12 months after TR creation, both in the 'one leaflet' group and in the 'two leaflets' group, the right atrial area, tricuspid annular diameter and right ventricular index of myocardial performance increased significantly, right ventricular fractional area change and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion decreased significantly. Autopsy of the intervention dog revealed oedema, ascites and cirrhosis.
Our surgical technique to create a TR animal model was reproducible with high success and survival rates. This animal model would prove suitable to investigate the mechanisms of right heart remodelling.
Preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Artificial chordae replacement is an effective technique for mitral valve repair, however, it is difficult to accurately determine the length of artificial chordae. This study aimed to assess the reliability and accuracy of real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to predict the length of artificial chordae preoperatively.
From December 2008 to December 2010, 48 patients with severe mitral regurgitation successfully underwent mitral valve repair using artificial chordae replacement. The patients were divided into a TEE pre-measurement group (n = 26) and a direct measurement group (n = 22), according to the method used to determine the length of artificial chordae. Cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamp time, and the recurrence rate of moderate or severe mitral regurgitation were compared between the two groups.
There were no operative deaths in either group. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 113.0 ± 18.7 min and 127.0 ± 28.9 min (p < 0.05), and the aortic cross-clamp time was 70.0 ± 16.6 min and 86.0 ± 20.7 min (p < 0.05) in the TEE pre-measurement group and direct measurement group, respectively. The difference between the pre-measured artificial chordal length and actual constructed artificial chordal length was not significant in the TEE pre-measurement group (p > 0.05). Although the difference in the incidence of moderate or severe mitral regurgitation between the two groups was not significant (p > 0.05), the incidence in the TEE pre-measurement group (3.8%) was lower than that in the direct measurement group (18.2%).
Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography can accurately predict the length of artificial chordae required for mitral valve repair, and shortens cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time while improving the results of mitral valve repair.
Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify the candidate auto-antigen of rheumatic heart disease as a molecular marker for this disease.
The total RNA of the heart tissue of patients with rheumatic heart disease was extracted and reverse-transcribed into long cDNA to construct the phage expression library. The library was screened using the serum from patients with active rheumatic fever, and the positive clone was identified and analyzed by bioinformatics and expressed in vitro. The expressed products were evaluated with Western blotting and its cross-reactivity was assessed.
The phage expression library of the heart tissue of patients with rheumatic heart disease was constructed, with the titer of the primary library of 3.3×10(6) pfu/ml, recombinant rate of 99%, and 81% of the inserted segments were larger than 1 kb. An auto-antigen RHDAG1 was identified by screening, which was homologous to keratin 18. RHDAG1 was detected in the serum of patients with active rheumatic fever and of those with rheumatic heart disease, but not in the serum of healthy subjects.
Phage display library can be an effective strategy to screen the auto-antigens of rheumatic heart disease. The auto-antigen RHDAG1 can be a candidate molecular biomarker of rheumatic heart disease and/or rheumatic fever.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A sensitive and rapid method was developed for quantification of olprinone in human plasma utilizing liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). An aliquot of 1 mL plasma sample was extracted with ethyl acetate-dichloromethane. Separation of olprinone and the milrinone (internal standard, IS) from the interferences was achieved on a C(18) column followed by MS/MS detection. The analytes were monitored in the positive ionization mode. Multiple reaction monitoring using the transition of m/z 251 → m/z 155 and m/z 212 → m/z 140 was performed to quantify olprinone and IS, respectively. The method had a total chromatographic run time of 3 min and linear calibration curves over the concentration range of 0.5-60 ng/mL. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 0.5 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precisions were less than 16.3% for low QC level, and 7.1% for other QC levels, respectively. The intra- and inter-day relative errors were ranged between -12.2% and 3.7% for three QC concentration levels. The validated method was successfully applied to the quantification of olprinone concentration in human plasma after intravenous (i.v.) administration of olprinone at a constant rate of infusion of 2 μg/(kg min) for 5 min in order to evaluate the pharmacokinetics.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIV: To summarize the experience with surgical treatment of constrictive pericarditis.
A retrospective analysis of the post-operative clinical data was conducted in 128 surgical patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis.
Two early postoperative death occurred in this group due to severe low cardiac output syndrome, with the mortality rate of 1.57%. The postoperative complications included low cardiac output syndrome (13.2%), arrhythmia (7.02%), acute renal insufficiency (3.9%), respiratory insufficiency (3.1%), wound infection (2.3%), postoperative chest bleeding (1.6%) and cerebral infarction (0.78%). Relapse occurred in one case because of incomplete pericardial resection.
Constrictive pericarditis should be confirmed as soon as possible with actively surgery, and the extent of pericardial resection should be decided according to the individual conditions. Complete untethering of the diseased pericardium should be performed with active prevention of postoperative complications.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore early diagnosis, treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding after cardiac surgery.
In the last 13 years, cases complicated with GI bleeding after cardiac surgeries were analyzed retrospectively.
Fourty-four GI bleeding occurred post-operatively in (6 +/- 3) d. The mortality was 23% (10/44). Thirty-eight were located in upper GI tract, of them 26 underwent conservative therapy while 4 died of other than GI bleeding cause; six underwent laparotomy while 1 and 3 died of septicemia and multi-organ failure respectively; six underwent gastric endoscopic hemostasis by electrocautery or clipping the bleeding vessel while all survived. Six were located in lower GI tract, and 2 of them underwent laparotomy without finding bleeding section and died of multi-organ failure. By multivariable logistic regression analysis, deaths were highly related to the post-operative ventilator-dependence, acute renal insufficiency, intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) assisting and laparotomy.
The mortality of GI bleeding after cardiac surgeries is very high, early gastrointestinal endoscopic examination and minimally invasive intervention can treat this complication more effectively. GI bleeding must be prevented whenever complicating post-operative ventilator-dependence, acute renal insufficiency, and IABP assisting after cardiac surgery.
No preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The development of late tricuspid regurgitation (TR) following left cardiac valve replacement is an important complication, as it is associated with a severe impairment of exercise capacity and a poor symptomatic outcome. The pathogenesis of this condition remains poorly defined. It is still a challenge in terms of its prevention, treatment and indications for surgical correction.
To investigate the possible pathogenesis and report the surgical results of the late TR after left cardiac valve replacement.
There were 56 patients with moderate to severe TR after left cardiac valve replacement, divided into normal prosthesis group (10 patients with normal prosthetic valve function) and dysfunctional prosthesis group (46 patients with prosthetic valve dysfunction). In the normal prosthesis group, 4 patients underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR) and 6 patients underwent combined mitral and aortic valve replacement (DVR). Patients in the dysfunctional prosthesis group included MVR in 36, aortic valve replacement (AVR) in 4 and DVR in 6, with bioprosthetic valve dysfunction occurring in 18, mechanical prosthetic valve obstruction in 22 and periprosthetic valve leakage in 6 patients. At the initial operation, 10 patients underwent DeVega's tricuspid annuloplasty and 46 patients' tricuspid valves were normal. At the second operation, the surgical treatment of TR included tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) in 9 and tricuspid annuloplasty in 47.
Two patients died postoperatively giving a 3.6% hospital mortality. The 54 survivors were followed up for 6-132 months (mean of 79.4 months). Heart function improved significantly in 8 with TVR and in 40 with tricuspid annuloplasty. Echocardiography showed moderate TR in 5 and severe TR in 1 patient with tricuspid annuloplasty who need a further surgical treatment.
Pulmonary hypertension, myocardial dysfunction, and atrial fibrillation might be responsible for the development of late TR after left cardiac valve replacement. Tricuspid annuloplasty, as the surgical method of first choice, resulted in improvement in 87% of patients with late TR after left cardiac valve replacement. TVR can also be safely applied to repair organic disease and the extremely dilated tricuspid valve annulus. If the TR area is more than 25cm(2), the TVR is recommended.
No preview · Article · Apr 2004 · Heart, Lung and Circulation