[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: to identify the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder, trait and state anxiety, and intimate partner violence during pregnancy. Method: observational, cross-sectional study developed with 358 pregnant women. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version was used, as well as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and an adapted version of the instrument used in the World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence. Results: after adjusting to the multiple logistic regression model, intimate partner violence, occurred during pregnancy, was associated with the indication of posttraumatic stress disorder. The adjusted multiple linear regression models showed that the victims of violence, in the current pregnancy, had higher symptom scores of trait and state anxiety than non-victims. Conclusion: recognizing the intimate partner violence as a clinically relevant and identifiable risk factor for the occurrence of anxiety disorders during pregnancy can be a first step in the prevention thereof.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in the neonatal unit of a public teaching hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, which aimed to determine the perceptions of mothers about their newborns hospitalized children. The sample consisted of 100 women questioned, through the Neonatal Perception Inventory Broussard, about how much trouble was expected to be presented by babies of the general unit, on behaviors such as crying; feeding; regurgitate or vomit; evacuate; sleep and have a routine. Then, the same questions were repeated about their own babies. Ninety mothers considered their children with fewer difficulties than other babies at the unit. Younger women and mothers of infants with higher weights tended to consider their children with more difficulty. The Inventory is easy to apply and may be useful in the evaluation of mother-child interaction, although its result cannot be considered in isolation.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Revista brasileira de enfermagem
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed at analyzing nipple trauma resulted from breastfeeding based on dermatological approach. Two integrative reviews of literature were conducted, the first related to definitions, classification and evaluation methods of nipple trauma and another about validation studies related to this theme. In the first part were included 20 studies and only one third defined nipple trauma, more than half did not defined the nipple's injuries reported, and each author showed a particular way to assess the injuries, without consensus. In the second integrative review, no validation study or algorithm related to nipple trauma resulted from breastfeeding was found. This fact demonstrated that the nipple's injuries mentioned in the first review did not go through validation studies, justifying the lack of consensus identified as far as definition, classification and assessment methods of nipple trauma.
No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this research was to identify the pattern of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the first 6 months of infants born in a Baby-Friendly Hospital and the factors that contribute to early weaning. This was a prospective cohort study with 261 mothers and children. The data were analyzed via the construction of a Kaplan-Meier survival curve, and the log-rank test was used for the univariate analysis. A multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox proportional-hazards regression model. During the 6 months, the percentage of mothers who practiced EBF for 30, 90, 120, 150 and 180 days was 75%, 52%, 33%, 19% and 5.7%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the variables that conferred a risk for early weaning were the hospital and the occurrence of a follow-up visit due to mammary complication, improper positioning and the association of both of these factors. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative favored EBF.
No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To clinically validate the nursing diagnosis, parental role conflict, in mothers of hospitalized newborns.
Fehring's Clinical Validation Model was used, focusing on mothers, using a sample of 83. Major defining characteristics have been defined as the main indicators of the presence of a diagnosis, whereas minor are secondary indicators.
Four minor defining characteristics were identified: (a) "anxiety," (b) "expresses concerns about changes in maternal role," (c) "expresses concerns about family," and (d) "fear." Major defining characteristics did not occur.
Mothers who spent less time with their infants were the ones that presented a major number of defining characteristics; therefore, they should have more opportunities for being with their babies. Other studies on subjective phenomena are needed.
No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International journal of nursing knowledge
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To verify if mothers of newborns hospitalized recognize the defining characteristics of "parental role conflict" as representative of that experience.
A cross-sectional and descriptive study, developed in a neonatal unit of a public teaching hospital in the state of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 100 women who assigned scores of 1 to 5 to the defining characteristics of the diagnosis, where 1 meant "not at all characteristic" and 5 meant "completely characteristic of what I am experiencing."
Of the total sample, 96 women self-identified with the diagnosis. The most prevalent defining characteristics were: "anxiety," "mother expresses concern(s) in relation to changes in maternal role"; "verbalizes feelings of frustration," "reports concern about family" and "fear". Women who were with their children less often during hospitalization had a higher number of defining characteristics.
There was a high prevalence of the defining characteristics of the studied diagnosis, suggesting the relevance of the topic and the need for further studies to be developed in the neonatal unit.
Preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The hospitalization of a newborn separates mother and child at a time when their contact is essential for developing the mother's role. Therefore, mothers tend to feel incapable of meeting their child's needs, and face difficulties in dealing with their personal feelings and the demands of their family. The objective of this study was to identify the defining characteristics of the nursing diagnosis Conflict in performing the role of mother in studies addressing the experience of being a mother in the neonatal unit. This is an integrative literature review, which utilized 15 qualitative studies published between 2004 and 2009, in journals indexed in the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature and on the Medical Literature and Retrieval System Online. This diagnosis is a nursing phenomenon to be studied by neonatal nurses so they are able to recognize and propose interventions to meet the mothers' needs, considering that nine out of ten defining characteristics were identified in the mothers' statements.
Preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The postpartum period is characterized by great physical and emotional changes, when parturients and families experience ambivalent and conflicting feelings and emotions, especially with the arrival of the baby, requiring the need of professional orientation and support. Having it in mind, it was searched the available literature evidence about health education, coming from a nursing team and directed to parturients and families, dealing with the newly born care and regarding its appropriate neuropsychomotor growth and development. It is clear the need of motivating the mother and the family to participate in the development of child care, increasing the success of health action results, once it provides autonomy and trust to this nucleus towards its acts, especially to the maternal role.
No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Revista brasileira de enfermagem
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review about the ten steps of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI). METHODS: We sought documents and scientific papers published in the databases of PubMED, Medline, SciELO and LILACS. RESULTS: We initially identified 110 references about the BFHI, between the years of 1979 to 2009. Approximately 21% were published in the 1990s and 79% between 2000 and 2009; 10.8% were published in books and official documents of the Ministry of Health, Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization; and, 89.2% were in articles indexed in the consulted databases. Of these, 35 references were selected. The analyzed studies showed that changes in hospital practices according to the Ten Steps of BFHI increased the prevalence of breastfeeding. CONCLUSION: Through the studies analyzed, the BFHI showed effectiveness in increasing breastfeeding in many regions of the world, contributing to the reduction of infant morbidity and mortality.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to identify the breast feeding position and holding variables related to nipple trauma. This case-control study assessed the onset of nipple trauma among women hospitalized at a University Hospital in the city of São Paulo, in 2004 and 2005. Subjects were puerperae diagnosed with unilateral or bilateral nipple trauma. Data analysis was performed using chi-square, Student's t, and odds ratio tests (CI = 95%) and correspondence analysis. Participants were 146 puerperal women and their newborns, being 73 cases and 73 controls. Statistically significant position and holding variables for causing lesions were the following: newborns with their necks bent/contorted, chin away from the breast and lip-related defect (turned inward). Trauma prevention at the beginning of breast feeding is crucial for continuing this practice. Following adequate positioning is decisive for establishing effective and prolonged breast feeding.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: O estudo buscou identificar as variáveis de posicionamento e pega, durante a amamentação, relacionadas aos traumas mamilares. Estudo caso-controle que investigou o aparecimento do trauma mamilar entre mulheres internadas em um hospital Universitário de São Paulo, em 2004 e 2005. Os casos foram puérperas com diagnóstico de trauma mamilar uni ou bilateral. Para a análise dos dados, foram aplicados os testes qui-quadrado, t de Student, razão de chances (IC= 95%) e análise de correspondência. Foram estudadas 146 puérperas e seus recém-nascidos, sendo 73 casos e 73 controles. As variáveis de posicionamento e pega, estatisticamente significativas para a ocorrência da lesão, foram: criança com pescoço torcido, queixo longe da mama e lábio inferior virado para dentro. A prevenção do trauma, no início da amamentação, é decisiva para a continuidade desta prática. O acompanhamento do posicionamento adequado é determinante para o estabelecimento da amamentação efetiva e prolongada.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this literature review was to investigate the factors that may interfere in the production of breast milk (lactogenesis), making difficult the establishment of lactation and having hypogalactia as a result. Since breast milk is widely known as the most natural and important food for newborns, it is necessary for nurses to understand and acknowledge the physiological mechanisms involved in lactation in order to help mothers to achieve a successful breastfeeding. Methodology: Two computerized databases were assessed in search for articles: Literature Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences and Medical Literature and Retrieval System On Line, both covering a 10 years (1997-2007) period. Considering the objective of the study, 21 articles were selected; other academic text-books were also consulted for supporting the development of contents and concepts on lactation physiology. Results: Factors related to failure and/or delay in lactogenesis were: placental retention; deficiency and /or resistance to prolactine; presence of ovarian cysts; breast’s structural alterations; obesity; primiparity; prolonged labor and delivery; cesarean and hypotension. Conclusion: Lactogenesis is a subject that has not been properly acknowledged by nurses, although being essential for the proper establishment of breastfeeding, which is an important issue in nursing care and research. Relevance to clinical practice: When nurses take care of women who experience difficulties on breastfeeding, it is important to consider factors that may interfere in their lactogenesis; this issue seems to be rarely discussed in nursing literature. Therefore, in order to make women’s breastfeeding experience meaningful, enjoyable and effective, nurses should improve their knowledge to investigate factors related to those difficulties and plan interventions. This review is hoped to contribute in raising some aspects that should be addressed in client’s assessment and taken into consideration on planning nursing care.
No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the effect of anhydrous lanolin-based ointment in the process of healing nipple injuries. Methods: This is a descriptive experimental study was performed in two Maternity Hospitals in Sao Paulo. The random sample consisted of 50 puerperium women with nipple injuries, hospitalized in the period of June 2002 to July 2003. Participants were randomly assigned into control and experimental groups, by the means of a draw. Statistical analysis was performed using Qui-square, Student's t test, and ANONTA (a at 5%).Results: The size of the injury in the control group reduced in 0.41 +/- 0.11 cm (right breast) and 0.29 +/- 0.06 cm (left breast) compared to the experimental group, from the first to the second evaluation (p < 0.001), showing to be statistically significant. Conclusion: The lanolin is effective in treating nipple injuries.
Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Acta Paulista de Enfermagem