[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background & aims:
We aimed at investigating the effects of the targeted transduction of the Wtp53-pPRIME-miR30-shRNA gene into liver cancer cells, under the mediation of anti-alpha fetoprotein scFv-directed lentivirus, and the inhibitory effect of this system on liver cancer cells.
The result of infection was observed by fluorescence microscopy. Polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to demonstrate the successful transduction and transcription of the Wtp53-pPRIME-miR30-shRNA-IGF1R gene. Cell growth was observed via the Cell-Counting Kit-8 Method, and cell apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling. To observe further the effects of AFP-Wtp53-pPRIME-miR30-shRNA-IGF1R therapy in animals, models of BALB-C nude mice bearing subcutaneous human hepatocellular carcinoma were established. The influence of the growth of subcutaneously transplanted tumor, expression of Wtp53 protein, apoptosis, and microvessel formation on the overall level of AFP-Wtp53 pPRIME-miR30-shRNA-IGF1R were also evaluated.
Recombinant lentivirus was successfully constructed, and its functional plaque-forming unit titer was determined as 4.58 × 10(9)plaque-forming units/ml. A positive strand was detected by polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Lentiviral construction worked effectively in AFP-positive liver cancer cells. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that the recombinant lentivirus was more efficacious in inhibiting the proliferation of Hep3B cells.
The Wtp53-pPRIME-miR30-shRNA gene can be subjected to targeted transduction into liver cancer cells under the mediation of anti-alpha fetoprotein scFv-directed lentivirus. The Wtp53-pPRIME-miR30-shRNA system has targeting ability and lethal effects on liver cancer cells.
No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Journal of Hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features, histogenesis and biological behavior, clinical treatment and prognosis of solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPT).
Routine HE and immunohistochemical (SP) stainings were used in the pathological examination of 18 cases of SPT. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. All the 18 postoperative patients were followed-up for 3 months to 10 years with an average of 29.2 months.
There were 16 females and 2 males, age ranging from 9 to 65 years with mean age of 25.3 years. Abdominal pain and palpable mass were among the major complains. Tumors were encapsulated and mixed with solid and cystic tissues. Histological features were pseudopapillary structure with a fibrovascular core. Immunhistologically, most tumors were positive for alpha-AT, alpha-ACT and Vim, with a high percentage of 94.4%. The eighteen cases were followed-up from 3 to 120 months. Five cases received reoperation after recurrence, and 14 cases were alive. Maximum survival time was 121 months and the minimum survival time was 3 months, with a median survival time of 23.0 months. The 5-year survival rate was 72.2%. A Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patient's age, tumor size, pathologic features, metastasis were major prognostic factors for SPT.
SPT is a tumor of low-grade malignancy and may be derived from multipotent stem cells. SPT most frequently affects young female, and has distinct clinicopathologic manifestation with excellent prognosis after surgical treatment.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the effect of total body irradiation of the donor in a spontaneous tolerance rat liver transplantation model and the role of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells on induction of immunotolerance in the recipient.
Liver transplantation was performed using male Lewis rats as donors and male DA rats as recipients. These rats were randomly allocated into the following groups:Control group, Homogeneity Liver Transplantation group, Idio-immunotolerance group and Acute Rejection group. After transplantation, survival time rate of each group were observed. Serum ALT, TB level, Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells, expression of GITR on T cell subgroup, histopathology of the hepatic graft on day 14, spleen CTL lytic activity on day 14 were measured.
In the Idio-immunotolerance group, the recipients suffered from transient rejection after surgery but acquired immunotolerance and survived long. In the Acute Rejection group, the donors were preconditioned with total body irradiation before liver transplantation. All recipients died between day 17 to 21. Serum ALT and TB increased significantly and the ratio of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells decreased significantly compared with the Idio-immunotolerance group, the Homogeneity Liver Transplantation group and the Control group. The expression of GITR on CD3(+)CD4(+)T cells in the peripheral blood decreased, the expression of GITR on CD3(+)CD8(+) T cells and CTL lytic activity of the recipients increased by preconditioning of the donors with total body irradiation.
Preconditioning of the donors with total body irradiation eliminated the passenger lymphocytes of the liver graft, decreased the expression of Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells in peripheral blood, and increased the expression of GITR on CD3(+)CD8(+) T cells, thus affected the course of tolerance and induced acute rejection after liver transplantation.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]