[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A sensitive reverse-transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for rapid visual detection of pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus infection. The reaction was performed in one step in a single tube at 65 degrees C for 60 min with the addition of hydroxynaphthol blue (HNB) dye prior to amplification. The detection limit of the RT-LAMP assay was approximately 60 copies, and no cross-detection was observed. The assay was evaluated further with 50 clinical specimens diagnosed clinically with seasonal influenza or pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus infection. RT-LAMP with HNB dye was demonstrated to be a sensitive and easy assay for rapid detection of pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus.