[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of serum leptin level and leptin receptor (Lepr) genetic mutation on chronic bronchitis, we measured the serum leptin levels of 236 patients with chronic bronchitis and 107 healthy controls by ELISA, the genotype distribution of Lepr gene containing Gln223Arg polymorphic sites by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method, the levels of inflammatory markers in serum, and the concentration of neutrophils. We found that the GG genotype distribution and G gene frequency of Lepr gene Gln223Arg site of the patient group were higher than that in the control group. The serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and neutrophil granulocyte levels of the patient group were higher than those of the control group. But the leptin concentrations of those with GG genotype were lower than those with AA+AG genotype (P < .05). The mutation of Lepr gene Gln223Arg site may not directly influence the leptin level but could possibly advance the disease through inhibiting the biological effect of leptin.
No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: JAK/STAT pathway transmits signals from the cell membrane to the nucleus in response to extracellular growth factors and cytokines. Activation of this pathway has been found in certain types of human tumors. The goal of this study was to investigate the correlation between the JAK/STAT pathway in human gliomas and patients' prognosis, which currently is unknown. Western blotting analysis and immunohistochemical staining were performed to detect JAK-1, phosphorylated JAK-1, and STAT-3 expression patterns in the biopsies from 96 patients with primary gliomas. Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the prognosis of patients. Western blotting analysis and immunohistochemical staining both indicated that the expression levels of JAK-1, phosphorylated JAK-1, and STAT-3 in primary glioma tissues were significantly higher than those in normal brain tissues (P < 0.001). Especially, the positive expression rates of JAK-1, phosphorylated JAK-1, and STAT-3 were significantly higher in patients with higher grade (P = 0.001, 0.001, and 0.002, respectively) and lower KPS score (P = 0.01, 0.008, and 0.01, respectively). Statistical analysis showed that patients with gliomas expressing JAK-1 and STAT-3 have lower overall survival rates relative to those not expressing these proteins. Cox multi-factor analysis showed that KPS (P = 0.03), WHO grade (P = 0.008), JAK-1 (P = 0.005), and STAT-3 (P = 0.006) were independent prognosis factors for human gliomas. These results provide convincing evidence for the first time that the JAK/STAT pathway may play a role in the progression of human gliomas. Its activated state might be a potent tool for predicting the clinical prognosis of patients with glioma.
No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Medical Oncology