[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Systemic isotretinoin has been known for decades to be effective in the treatment of severe forms of rosacea, but it must be used off-label because of the lack of evidence-based data.
573 patients with rosacea subtype II and III received one of three different dosages of isotretinoin (0.1 mg, 0.3 mg, or 0.5 mg per kg body weight), doxycycline (100 mg daily for 14 days, then 50 mg daily) or placebo in a double-blinded, randomized way for 12 weeks in 35 German centers.
Isotretinoin 0.3 mg/kg proved to be the most effective dose with significant superiority versus placebo. Isotretinoin 0.3 mg/kg showed also significant non-inferiority versus doxycycline with reduction of lesions of 90 % compared to 83 % with doxycycline. Investigators diagnosed complete remission in 24 % and marked improvement in further 57 % of patients with isotretinoin treatment, in contrast to remission in 14 % and marked improvement in 55 % of patients treated with doxycycline. Isotretinoin 0.3 mg/kg revealed a similar safety profile as for the treatment of acne. Isotretinoin 0.5 mg/kg showed more dermatitis facialis as compared to 0.3 mg/kg.
Isotretinoin 0.3 mg/kg is an effective and well-tolerated therapy option for the treatment of rosacea subtype II and III and can therefore be used successfully as an alternative to therapy with oral antibiotics.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is increasingly used for the treatment of actinic keratosis (AK).
To investigate both the efficacy of different application times and the safety of a novel patch (PD P 506 A) containing aminolaevulinic acid in the PDT of mild to moderate AK.
Applications of PD P 506 A for 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 h were compared in a multicentre, randomized, blinded-observer, parallel-group study. After patch removal, study lesions were illuminated with red light (lambda(em) approximately 630 nm; 37 J/cm(2)). Study lesions were not pretreated (e.g. by curettage) prior to PDT. Efficacy was evaluated 4 and 8 weeks after treatment. Safety and tolerability were determined through laboratory analyses and documentation of both local reactions and adverse events.
A total of 149 patients were initially enrolled. Of these, 140 patients (520 lesions) completed the study according to protocol. Eight weeks after treatment, 86% of the AK lesions (74% of the patients) treated with 4-h patch application showed complete clearance. The complete clearance rates of lesions (patients) for the 2-, 1- and 0.5-h treatment arms were 73% (47%), 72% (50%) and 51% (24%), respectively. Statistically, the 4-h application was identified as the 'best treatment'. Patients with clearance seemed to experience local reactions to a greater extent than patients without clearance. Local reactions to study treatments did not exceed the expected range.
The results of this first clinical efficacy study suggest excellent therapeutic outcomes with a single PD P 506 A PDT with a 4-h application.
No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Experimental Dermatology