[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The possible effects of radiocolloid preference on sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) were investigated.
A total of 200 patients with T1-2N0M0 breast cancer were evaluated. The first 100 patients underwent SLNB using (99m)Tc tin colloid (TC) and the next 100 using (99m)Tc nanocolloid (NC). Radiocolloid was injected intradermally at four quadrants of the periareolar region the day before surgery. All patients underwent lymphoscintigraphy 1 h after injection. All nodes having fourfold activity of the background were harvested using gamma probe.
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification rate by gamma probe was 98% in each group. The number of SLNs identified by lymphoscintigraphy, gamma probe and pathological evaluation was 1.39 ± 0.7, 1.70 ± 1.0 and 2.23 ± 1.70 in the TC and 2.03 ± 0.94, 2.60 ± 1.36 and 3.05 ± 1.90 in the NC group, respectively (P<.05). Metastatic SLN was found in 24 (24.4%) of 98 patients in the TC group and 41 (41.8%) of 98 patients in the NC group (P=.04). None of the patients showed dispersion to internal mammarian lymph nodes. Lymphatic vessel visualization was observed in eight (8.1%) of 98 TC patients and in 47 (47.9%) of 98 NC patients (P=.000). SLNs were the only metastatic node(s) in 54.1% of TC and 73.1% of NC patients.
The periareolar intradermal injection technique gives a high detection rate in the localization of SLNs independently from the choice of the tracer. Mean SLN numbers and lymphatic vessel visualization frequency were significantly higher using a smaller albumin Tc-99m nanocolloid as compared to a stannous fluoride Tc-99m tin colloid. The results of our study support the idea that the influence of increased number of SLNs on positive SLN frequency is critical.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Nuclear Medicine and Biology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to review problematic aspects of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) and to evaluate the influence of a previous excisional biopsy on these problems.
A total of 345 patients were evaluated retrospectively, 156 of them had a previous biopsy. Tc-99m tin colloid was injected the day before surgery at 4 quadrants around the areola intradermally. Problems complicating SLNB are reviewed in 3 topics: visualization or gamma probe detection problems, dilated lymphatic channels, and misleading activity accumulation.
SLN detection rate and mean sentinel lymph node numbers were as follows in patients with and without biopsy, respectively: 95.5% versus 99.4% and 1.71 +/- 0.97 versus 1.70 +/- 0.92. Problems complicating the procedure occurred in 20 patients (5.8%). Among these 20 patients, 15 had a prior excisional biopsy, and incisions were located in the upper, outer and periareolar zones. Visualization or gamma probe detection problems occurred in 8 patients. Except for one with faint uptake in a sentinel node, all had a prior biopsy. Lymphatic channel dilatation complicated the procedure in 7 patients. Of these 7 patients, 4 had a previous biopsy. Misleading activity accumulations compromised SLNB in 5 patients, 4 of whom had a prior biopsy.
Although SLNB is still applicable with a high success rate in cases with excisional biopsy, a review of problematic aspects of SLNB demonstrated a relation with the presence of a previous biopsy and its localization. The demonstration of nonvisualization preoperatively and the precise localization of atypically located activity accumulation may be helpful in the prevention of potential complications.
No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Clinical nuclear medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the use of lymphoscintigraphy, blue dye, and gamma probe detection methods for determination of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) using both periareolar intradermal injection of Tc-99m tin colloid and peritumoral intraparenchymal injection of isosulfan blue dye.
One hundred patients with T1-2 breast cancer and clinically negative nodes were enrolled in the present study. The study was composed of 2 groups. Backup axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) was mandatory in group 1 (20 patients) regardless of their lymph node status. In group 2 (80 patients), complete ALND was performed when intraoperative frozen section analysis of SLN revealed metastases. Otherwise, only SLN biopsy was performed without ALND. One day before surgery, Tc-99m tin colloid was injected at 4 periareolar sites intradermally. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed 1 to 2 hours after injection of the radiocolloid. Twenty minutes before surgery, isosulfan blue dye was injected into parenchyma surrounding the tumor or the biopsy cavity.
The detection rates of SLN and false-negative rate of lymphoscintigraphy, blue dye, and gamma probe detection were 85%, 95% 100%, and 0% in group 1, 91%, 87%, and 95% in group 2, respectively. Detection rate by the combination of blue dye and radio tracer was 98%.
According to the results of our study, we conclude that perioareolar intradermal injection of Tc-99m tin colloid combined with peritumoral intraparenchymal injection of blue dye is an accurate and easy method of locating the sentinel node with very high detection rates. It is recommended that the combination of all methods such as lymphoscintigraphy, blue dye, and gamma probe application will increase the success rate of SLN detection in patients with breast cancer.
No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Clinical Nuclear Medicine