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    ABSTRACT: A comparative cross-sectional study was carried out about adolescents(23), adults (21) and elders (27) lay conceptions about “elderly person” and “old age”. Seventy-one interviews were conducted. All participants took activities from Maringá – PR’s SESC, and were randomly selected. A lexicographic analysis and descending hierarchical classification involving text (software ALCESTE) were employed. Results: a) elders associated family relations, activity and the “young spirit” idea to the concept of “elderly person”; b) non-elders link “elderly person” to physical and psychological losses, experience and wisdom; c) all participants think of aging as a stage and not as a process, which is objectified by the old person’s character, in opposition to the more positive term: elderly person; and d) there were elements from Life-Span theory (Baltes), and ideas linked to the concept of successful aging.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2009
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    ABSTRACT: Resumen:O objetivo foi caracterizar práticas sexuais, atitudes de prevenção e relação amorosa, além do nível de conhecimento sobreHIV/Aids entre pessoas com mais de 50 anos da região sul. Foram utilizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas, escala dediferencial semântico e Teste de Conhecimento Científico sobre HIV/Aids. Foram entrevistadas 160 pessoas divididas porgênero e cidade. A média de idade foi de 60 anos e oito meses (DP=7,41). A primeira relação sexual ocorreu aos 19 anos(DP=4,91) e a média de relações por semana foi 1,92. Quanto ao uso do preservativo 69,4% acreditam que seriam capazes deutilizá-lo em todas as relações sexuais. Quanto ao conhecimento sobre HIV/Aids, 62,5% dos participantes eram beminformados. Verificou-se forte correlação entre conhecimento e atitude favorável à prevenção. Conclui-se que osparticipantes mantém relações sexuais sem prevenção, mas não acreditam que este seja um comportamento de risco. Paraeles o casamento os protege e os jovens são vulneráveis.Abstract:The objective was to characterize sexual practices, prevention attitudes, loving relationships, and the level of knowledgeabout HIV/Aids among the people over 50 years old of the south Brazil. Semi-structured interviews, semantic differentialscale, and the scientific knowledge test were used. Participated of the study 160 subjects, divided by gender and city. Theage average was 60,8 years old (SD= 7.41). The average age where the first sexual relationship occurred was 19 years old(SD= 4.91), with an average of 1.92 sexual relations per week. Regarding the use of condoms, 69.4% reported to be able touse it in every sexual relationship, and about the HIV/Aids knowledge, 62.5% have shown to be well informed. The studyverified a strong correlation between knowledge and favorable attitudes towards prevention. It can be concluded that theparticipants maintain sexual relationships without prevention, but they do not believe that it is a risk behavior. They believeto be protected by marriage, while the young people are vulnerable.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009