[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the characteristic of T cell response to specific antigen proteins in patients with hepatitis B virus infection.
76 cases were recruited, including four groups, acute hepatitis B (AHB), active phase of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), inactive HBV carriers (AsC) and past HBV infection. T cell responses stimulated by 3 antigen specific proteins of HBV were detected using enzyme linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay.
(1) There were no significant difference in frequencies to HBsAg, HBcAg and HBeAg in AHB and CHB. The frequencies to HBsAg and HBcAg in AsC were lower than that to HBeAg, and the frequencies to HBsAg in group of past HBV infection were significantly lower than that to HBcAg and HBeAg. (2) The frequencies to HBsAg in AHB and CHB both were higher than in group of past HBV infection. The frequencies to HBcAg of AHB, CHB and AsC were higher than that of group of past HBV infection. (3) There were no significant difference in magnitude to HBsAg, HBcAg and HBeAg in AHB and AsC. In CHB, the magnitude to HBsAg was lower than that to HBcAg. The magnitude of in group of past HBV infection were HBcAg > HBeAg > HBsAg. (4) In four groups, the sequence of the magnitude to HBsAg from high to low was AHB, CHB, group of past HBV infection and AsC. The magnitude to HBcAg in of AsC was lower than other three groups. As to the magnitude to HBeAg, the difference was no significant between any two groups except between AHB and CHB.
The T cell responses in group of AsC to HBeAg were the highest, while the T cell responses to HBcAg were the highest in group of other groups.
No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigated the impact of viral load decline on virus-specific T-cell reactivity on patients with chronic hepatitis B.
23 cases of patients with chronic hepatitis B were recruited randomized to therapy with nucleoside analogue or alpha interferon from January 2009 to April 2010. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected longitudinally at baseline and the time of HBV DNA undetected. T-cell reactivity to HBV core antigens were tested using Elispot assays and Luminex.
(1) The frequency of T cell reactivity induced by HBcAg in patients with chronic hepatitis B were 91.3% at the time of HBV DNA undetected, which significantly higher than The frequency of 69.6% at baseline. The frequency between nucleoside analogue treatment group and alpha interferon treatment group was no significant difference. (2) The average response magnitude was expressed as spot forming unit (SFU) per million input cells. SFU of T cell responses to HBcAg was 120 SFU/10(6) PBMCs at baseline, much lower than SFU of 1060 SFU/10(6) PBMCs at the time of HBV DNA undetected. No significant difference between patients with negative T cell reactivity at baseline and patients with positive T cell reactivity at baseline was found. In patients with initial virological response (IVR) to therapy and patients with early virological response (EVR), no significant difference was found in the magnitude at baseline as well as at the time of HBV DNA undetected. (3) The average response magnitude of nucleoside analogue treatment group was 1713 SFU/10(6) PBMCs at the time the time of HBV DNA undetected, higher than 189 SFU/10(6) PBMCs at baseline. But in interferon treatment group, the average response magnitude was no significant difference, 120 SFU/10(6) PBMCs at the baseline and 305 SFU/10(6) PBMCs at the time the time of HBV DNA undetected respectively. The average response magnitude in nucleoside analogue treatment group was greater than that in interferon treatment group. (4) As to compare difference of IFN-γ concentration in supernatant of T cell culture solution stimulated by HBcAg, IFN-γ secreted by T cell at the time of HBV DNA undetected was clearly higher than IFN-γ secreted at baseline, (38 ± 9) ng/L and (90 ± 9) ng/L respectively.
Antiviral therapy made profit to improve virus-specific T-cell reactivity in patients with chronic hepatitis B, suggesting the importance to investigate HBV specific T cell responses.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical characteristics and responsible agents of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in pediatric patients.
Thirty-one cases of DILI treated in our hospital's pediatric ward were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data for each patient were extracted from the patient's medical records, and included reported causes, physical and biochemical features, natural history, blood examination results, and hepatic pathology findings.
The 31 pediatric cases of DILI accounted for 1.7% of the 1831 total cases of drug-induced liver injury treated at our hospital between February 2002 to June 2011. The pediatric DILI population was composed of 20 males and 11 females, with an average age of 8.8+/-3.9 years old (range, 0.3-14.0). The liver injury patterns represented among the cases were: hepatocellular (25.8%), cholestasis (25.8%), and mixed hepatocellular-cholestatic (48.4%). Antimicrobials were the most common cause (41.9%) of DILI, followed by the herbal medicine (29.0%) and febrifuge drugs (19.4%). A single drug was implicated in nine cases (29.0%), and two or more drugs were implicated in 22 cases (71%). Most of the children had good prognosis, but those with pre-existing disease had poor prognosis. One child died of hepatic failure, making the death rate 3.23%. The average hospitalization time was 25.2 days, and the patients with hepatocellular injury had shorter hospitalization time than those with mixed injury.
Drug-induced liver injury in our pediatric population was most often caused by antimicrobials, followed by herbal medicine and febrifuge drugs. Most patients presented with mixed hepatocellular-cholestatic injury. Children with pre-existing diseases or hepatic failure had poor prognosis.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical significance of liver function and autoantibodies in patients with acute or chronic drug-induced liver injury.
51 patients with drug-induced liver injury were divided into acute drug induced liver injury group and chronic drug induced liver injury group, liver function and autoantibodies were compared between these two groups.
There was no significant difference (P more than 0.05) in alanine aminotransferase [(412.1+/-387.5) U/L and (376.0+/-319.7) U/L], aspartate aminotransferase [(352.5+/-457.9) U/L and (198.8+/-142.7) U/L], total bilirubin [(109.7+/-104.80)micromol/L and(102.4+/-135.7)micromol/L], direct bilirubin [(66.4+/-73.3)micromol/L and (61.2+/-72.1)micromol/L], alkaline phosphatase [(133.4+/-50.1) U/L and (147.4+/-97.3) U/L], gamma-glutamyltransferase [(139.9+/-134.1) U/L and (180.6+/-227.9) U/L], and albumin [(41.3+/-4.9) g/L and (39.8+/-5.3)g/L] between these two groups, however, the level of globulin [(25.1+/-5.3) g/L and (28.6+/-5.1) g/L] was significantly different between these two groups (P less than 0.05). The titers of Anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) and smooth muscle antibody (SMA) were less than or equal to 1:320 in patients with acute drug induced liver injury. The titers of ANA, antimitochondrial antibody (AMA), and SMA were more than or equal to 1:320 in most of the patients with chronic drug induced liver injury.
Liver function has no value in the diagnosis of acute or chronic drug induced liver injury. High titer autoantibodies are found in patients with chronic drug induced liver injury.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology