[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated photoinduced electron accumulation in a colloidal system of layered hexaniobate that is known as a photocatalytically active wide band-gap semiconductor, and attempted to control the photoresponse by introducing additives into the colloid. The inorganic nanosheets were obtained by exfoliation of the layered oxide. UV-irradiation of the colloids led to electron accumulation in the nanosheets to generate reduced niobate species. Propylammonium ions introduced as the exfoliating reagent and present as the counter ions of niobate nanosheets were indicated as the electron donor that stabilized the electron-accumulating state. Yield and half-life of the reduced niobate species greatly increased by adding an appropriate amount of photochemically inert clay nanosheets, while they increased only a little by the addition of molecular electron donors such as EDTA and triethanolamine. Moreover, the molecular species diminished the enhancement effect of the clay nanosheets. The results suggested that the photochemical event was not explained by direct interactions between the semiconductor nanosheets and the additives at molecular level but governed by indirect interactions between the colloid components regulated by the colloid structure.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated photoinduced charge separation occurring in a multicomponent colloidal system composed of oxide nanosheets of photocatalytically active niobate and photochemically inert clay and electron accepting methylviologen dications (MV2+). The inorganic nanosheets were obtained by exfoliation of layered hexaniobate and hectorite clay. The niobate and clay nanosheets were spatially separated in the colloidally dispersed state, and the MV2+ molecules were selectively adsorbed on the clay platelets. UV irradiation of the colloids led to electron transfer from the niobate nanosheets to the MV2+ molecules adsorbed on clay. The photoinduced electron transfer produced methylviologen radical cations (MV*+), which was characterized by high yield and long lifetime. The yield and stability of the MV*+ species were found to depend strongly on the clay content of the colloid: from a few mol % to approximately 70 mol % of the yield and several tens of minutes to more than 40 h of the lifetime. The contents of the niobate nanosheets and MV2+ molecules and the aging of the colloid also affected the photoinduced charge separation. In the absence of MV2+ molecules in the colloid, UV irradiation induced electron accumulation in the niobate nanosheets. The stability of the electron-accumulated state also depended on the clay content. The variation in the photochemical behavior is discussed in relation to the viscosity of the colloid.
No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · The Journal of Physical Chemistry B
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Je weiter, desto besser! Die photoinduzierte Ladungstrennung zwischen einem halbleitenden Nanoschicht-Donor und dem Akzeptor Methylviologen (MV2+) wird durch Nanoschichten aus Hectorit-Ton erheblich stabilisiert. Der Abstand zwischen Donor und Akzeptor, der sich aus der Bildung von Hectorit-Mikrodomänen ergibt, die selektiv MV2+-Ionen adsorbieren, ist der Schlüssel für die Stabilisierung (siehe Bild).
No preview · Article · May 2007 · Angewandte Chemie International Edition