Publications (2)5.55 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: We examined P2X receptor expression and distribution in the mouse collecting duct (CD) and their functional role in Ca(2+) signaling. Both P2X(1) and P2X(4) were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated apical P2X(1) and P2X(4) immunoreactivity in principal cells in the outer medullary CD (OMCD) and inner medullary CD (IMCD). Luminal ATP induced an increase in Ca(2+) signaling in native medullary CD (MCD) as measured by fluorescence imaging. ATP also induced an increase in Ca(2+) signaling in MCD cells grown in primary culture but not in the presence of P2XR antagonist PPNDS. Short circuit current (I(sc)) measurement with mouse IMCD cells showed that P2XR agonist BzATP induced a larger I(sc) than did P2YR agonist UTP in the apical membrane. Our data reveal for the first time that P2X(1) and P2X(4) are cell-specific with prominent immunoreactivity in the apical area of MCD cells. The finding that P2XR blockade inhibits ATP-induced Ca(2+) signaling suggests that activation of P2XR is a key step in Ca(2+)-dependent purinergic signaling. The result that activation of P2XR produces large I(sc) indicates the necessity of P2XR in renal CD ion transport.
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ABSTRACT: Kidney tubules are targets for the activation of locally released nucleotides through multiple P2 receptor types. Activation of these P2 receptors modulates cellular Ca(2+) signaling and downstream cellular function. The purpose of this study was to determine whether P2 receptors were present in mIMCD-3 cells, a mouse inner medullary collecting duct cell line, and if so, to examine their link with intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. To monitor intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), experiments were conducted using the fluorescent dye fura 2. ATP (0.1-100 microM) produced a dose-dependent increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in a physiological Ca(2+)-containing solution, with an EC(50) of 2.5 microM. The P2-receptor antagonist PPADS reduced the effect of ATP on [Ca(2+)](i), and the P1-receptor agonist adenosine caused only a small increase in [Ca(2+)](i). Preincubation of cells with the phospholipase C antagonist U-73122 blocked the ATP-induced increase in [Ca(2+)](i), indicating P2Y receptors were involved in this process. In a Ca(2+)-free bath solution, thapsigargin and ATP induced intracellular Ca(2+) release from an identical pool. Nucleotides caused an increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in the potency order of UTP = ATP > ATP gamma S > ADP > UDP that is best fitted with the P2Y(2) subtype profile. Although the P2Y agonist UTP induced a similar large transient increase in [Ca(2+)](i) as did ATP, a small but sustained increase in [Ca(2+)](i) occurred only in ATP-stimulated cells, suggesting the role of P2X receptors in Ca(2+) influx. The sustained increase in [Ca(2+)](i) could be blocked by either nonselective cation channel blockers Gd(3+) or P2X antagonists PPADS and PPNDS. Furthermore, when either Gd(3+) or PPNDS was applied to the bath solution before ATP application, the ATP-induced increase in [Ca(2+)](i) was significantly reduced. Both RT-PCR and Western blotting corroborated the presence of P2X(1) and P2Y(2) receptors. These studies demonstrate that mIMCD-3 cells have both P2X and P2Y subtype receptors and that the activation of both P2X and P2Y receptors by extracellular ATP appears to be required to regulate intracellular Ca(2+) signaling.
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States
- Department of Medicine