Viviane Patrícia Pires Schiar

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria da Boca do Monte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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Publications (3)9.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The study evaluated whether a diet containing diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)2, a synthetic antioxidant, could reduce the biochemical alterations induced by chronic consumption of highly enriched fructose diet and/or hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). Rats were fed a control diet (CT) or a high fructose diet (HFD), supplemented with or not HCTZ (4.0 g/kg) and/or (PhSe)2 (3 ppm) for 18 weeks. HFD intake increased significantly plasma glucose, fructosamine, triglycerides and cholesterol levels. (PhSe)2 supplementation significantly reduced triglycerides and cholesterol but could not restore them to control levels. The combination of HFD and HCTZ significantly altered plasma glucose, fructosamine, triglycerides and cholesterol levels which were not restore by (PhSe)2 supplementation. Lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl formation, vitamin C level and catalase activity decreased after HFD, HCTZ or HFD plus HCTZ ingestion. Remarkably (PhSe)2 supplementation restored the oxidative stress parameters. HCTZ decreased renal superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, which was restored to control levels by (PhSe)2. Furthermore, the association of HFD and HCTZ decreased plasma potassium levels and aggravated HCTZ-induced hypomagnesemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Here we provided evidence of the involvement of oxidative stress and metabolic disorders in a rat model of HFD associated or not with HTCZ. (PhSe)2 supplementation reduced the oxidative stress and this compound should be considered for the treatment of biochemical disturbances and oxidative stress in other animal models of metabolic disorders.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Chemico-biological interactions
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    ABSTRACT: DNA damage and cell viability of human leukocytes cells were examined as simple tests for screening the potential toxicity of organoselenium compounds. Leukocytes were incubated with different organoselenium compounds at 4, 10, 40 and 100 microM or vehicle (DMSO) for 3h at 37 degrees C before of in vitro assays. Cell viability was determined by Trypan blue exclusion. DNA damage was assessed using the alkaline comet assay with silver staining. The exposure of leukocytes to (S)-tert-butyl 1-diselenide-3-methylbutan-2-ylcarbamate, (S)-tert-butyl 1-diselenide-3-phenylpropan-2-ylcarbamate, (S)-2-amino-1-diselenide-3-methylpropanyl, (S)-2-amino-1-diselenide-3-phenylpropanyl, 3',3-ditrifluoromethyl diphenyl diselenide, 4',4-dimethoxy diphenyl diselenide, 4',4-dichloro diphenyl diselenide and 2',2,4',4,6',6-hexamethyl diphenyl diselenide, in the range of 10-100muM, induced a significant increase in Damage Index (DI). The genotoxic effect of all compounds was associated with high frequencies of cells with damage level 4 and all compounds caused a decrease in cell viability. Our results suggest that the selenium compounds tested were genotoxic and cytotoxic to human leukocytes cells in vitro and that the organoselenium amino acid derivatives ((S)-tert-butyl 1-diselenide-3-methylbutan-2-ylcarbamate, (S)-tert-butyl 1-diselenide-3-phenylpropan-2-ylcarbamate, (S)-2-amino-1-diselenide-3-methylpropanyl and (S)-2-amino-1-diselenide-3-phenylpropanyl) were more genotoxic than aromatic derivatives (3',3-ditrifluoromethyl diphenyl diselenide, 4',4-dimethoxy diphenyl diselenide, 4',4-dichloro diphenyl diselenide and 2',2,4',4,6',6-hexamethyl diphenyl diselenide). These effects may be linked to the pro-oxidant activity exhibited by selenium compounds when used in relatively high concentrations.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the hemolytic and genotoxic effect of different organoselenium and organotellurium compounds in human blood cells, as simple tests for screening the toxicity of organochalcogenides. For osmotic fragility (OF) test, samples of total blood were incubated with the organochalcogens at 4, 8, 50, 75 and 100 microM or vehicle (DMSO) for 90 min at 37 degrees C. The EC(50) values for hemolysis were significantly increased in erythrocytes exposed to diphenyl selenide (II), diphenyl diselenide (III), diphenyl telluride (IV), diphenyl ditelluride (V), (S)-2-amino-1-diselenide-3-methylpropanyl (IX), butyl(styryl)telluride (XIII) and 2-(butyltellurium)furan (XIV) at higher concentrations tested. The exposure of erythrocytes to organochalcogens diphenyl diselenide (II) and butyl(styryl)telluride (XIII), which had greater hemolytic effect, did not modify catalase activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and -SH content. On the other hand, Na(+)/K(+) ATPase activity of erythrocyte ghosts was significantly inhibited by the compounds diphenyl diselenide (II) and butyl(styryl)telluride (XIII) (P<0.05) in a concentration-dependent manner. The inhibition of Na(+)/K(+) ATPase activity was completely reversed by dithiothreitol (DTT); indicating reaction of these organochalcogens with thiol groups of the enzyme. The thiol oxidase activity of the compounds II and XIII was supported by the fact that the rate of DTT oxidation was increased significantly by both chalcogens. In the higher concentrations, the compounds (II) and (XIII) were strongly genotoxic and cytotoxic to human leukocytes cells, as verified by the DNA damage and cell viability evaluation. Our results suggest that at relatively high concentration organochalcogenides exhibit hemolytic and genotoxic action in human blood cells, which are probably linked to their thiol oxidase activity and preferential interaction with sulfhydryl groups critical to enzymes.
    No preview · Article · May 2009 · Toxicology in Vitro