Umit Mutlu-Türkoğlu

Istanbul University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (4)5.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the oxidative modifications of lipids, proteins and DNA, three potential molecular targets of oxidative stress, in 30 patients with angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD) and 30 healthy control subjects. In addition, we examined relationships between these oxidative modifications and the severity of vascular lesions in patients with CAD. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PC) levels, as well as ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), were measured in the plasma. DNA damage was evaluated as single strand breaks (SSBs), formamidopyrimidine glycosylase (Fpg) and endonuclease III (E-III)-sensitive sites by the comet assay in DNA isolated from lymphocytes. MDA and PC levels increased, but FRAP values decreased, in patients as compared to controls. However, these values did not vary with the number of affected coronary vessels and were not correlated with Duke score, a parameter of the severity of vascular lesions in patients with CAD. We also found that lymphocyte DNA damage (SSBs, Fpg and E-III sites) were increased in patients. Although there were no significant differences in SSBs values in patients grouped according to affected vessel number, Fpg and E-III sites increased. We also detected significant correlations between Duke scores and SSBs and Fpg sites. Serum cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol levels were found to increase, but HDL-cholesterol levels decreased in CAD patients, but these lipids were not correlated with Duke scores. The results of this study reinforce the presence of increased combined oxidative modifications in lipid, protein and DNA in patients with CAD. However, lymphocyte DNA damage seems to be a more reliable assay than MDA and PC determinations to detect the severity of vascular lesions in patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Clinical Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Increased oxidative stress has been hypothesized to play an important role in the aging process. A role for oxidative damage in normal aging is supported by studies in experimental animals, but there is limited evidence in humans. To investigate the relationship between the oxidative stress and aging in humans, we determined lipid and protein oxidation in plasma as well as DNA damage in lymphocytes in young and elderly subjects. 55 healthy subjects were divided into young (21-40 years) and elderly (61-85 years) groups. Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl (PC) levels, and grade of DNA damage in lymphocytes using comet assay as well as total ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) in plasma were determined in young and elderly subjects. Plasma MDA and PC levels were found to be increased in plasma of elderly subjects as compared to young subjects. Increases in endogenous and H2O2-induced DNA damage were also observed in lymphocytes of elderly subjects. In addition, we detected a significant decrease in FRAP values in elderly subjects. Plasma MDA, PC levels and endogenous and H2O2-induced DNA damage were positively correlated with aging, but negatively with FRAP values. We evaluated MDA, PC levels and lymphocyte DNA damage altogether in both young and elderly subjects for the first time. The results of this study strongly support the presence of increased oxidative stress in elderly subjects.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2003 · Clinical Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out in 140 healthy subjects who were divided into three subgroups of age: young (21-40 years), mature (41-60 years), and elderly (61-85 years) to investigate lipid peroxides and the antioxidant system in serum and low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Serum levels of cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol increased with age. The elderly group was found to have higher polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), diene conjugates, and lower cholesterol-adjusted vitamin E levels and antioxidant activity (AOA) as compared to the young group. No age-related difference was detected in serum vitamin C levels. Age correlated positively with serum cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, PUFA, TBARS, diene conjugates, and negatively with cholesterol-adjusted vitamin E levels and AOA. In addition, endogenous LDL diene conjugate levels and the susceptibility of LDL to copper-induced lipid peroxidation increased in elderly subjects as compared with young subjects. In addition, positive correlations were detected between age and LDL endogenous diene conjugate levels and TBARS formation after copper incubation. However, the susceptibility of whole serum to copper-induced lipid peroxidation did not change in young and elderly subjects. Our results show that endogenous lipid peroxide levels in serum and LDL, and the susceptibility of LDL to copper-induced oxidation, increased with aging in humans.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2002 · International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
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    ABSTRACT: It has been accepted that essential hypertension is associated with a loss of the balance between prooxidation and antioxidation. Thus, excessive oxygen free radical production may be an early event in the pathogenesis of hypertension. To compare lipid peroxidation and antioxidant system in serum of children of essential hypertensive and normotensive parents. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured spectrofluorometrically. Antioxidant activity, glutathione peroxidase, selenium levels in serum were measured as indices of antioxidant power. The peroxidation of apo B containing lipoproteins (VLDL+LDL) was measured as the susceptibility to oxidation in vitro. Serum MDA levels increased, but no marked differences in total antioxidant activity, glutathione peroxidase activity, selenium levels and VLDL+LDL oxidation were found in serum of children with family histories of essential hypertension as compared to children of normotensive parents.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2002 · Research communications in molecular pathology and pharmacology

Publication Stats

141 Citations
5.40 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002-2003
    • Istanbul University
      • Department of Family Medicine (Istanbul Medical Faculty)
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    • Near East University
      Lefkoşa, Lefkosia, Cyprus