Theodoros Argyrakos

Κωνσταντοπούλειο νοσοκομείο Νέας Ιωνίας (Η Αγία Όλγα), Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (8)25.89 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital nevi are one of the known risk factors for the development of melanoma. However, the magnitude of the risk for both large and small congenital nevi is controversial. In order to elucidate the behavior of congenital nevocytes and to define any possible similarities or differences with common nevi and melanomas, we investigated the expression of Ki-67, Rb, p16, cyclin D1, p53 and p21/Waf-1 in 41 congenital nevi, 16 melanomas and 20 acquired common nevi by immunohistochemistry. Congenital nevi highly expressed p16 (81.82 +/- 9.98) but showed limited, if any, reactivity for Ki-67 (1.34% +/- 0.89), Rb (0.76% +/- 0.94), cyclin D1 (0.21% +/- 0.29), p53 (0.54% +/- 0.93) and p21 (0.0609% +/- 0.32). No statistically significant difference was found between giant and nongiant congenital nevi and between congenital and common nevi for any of the markers. The expression of p16 was significantly higher in congenital nevi than in melanomas (p < 0.0001). On the contrary, the expression of Ki-67, p53, p21, Rb and cyclin D1 was significantly higher in melanomas (p < 0.0001). Our data regarding the immunohistochemical expression of Rb, p16, p53, cyclin D1 and Ki-67 in congenital nevi indicate that either the alteration of their expression is not an initiating event in melanoma formation or, alternatively, congenital melanocytic nevi may not be the first step in malignant transformation.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Intravascular lymphoma is an extremely rare, disseminated, and aggressive extranodal CD20+ non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by the presence of lymphoma cells only in the lumina of small vessels. We report a 72-year-old woman with a diagnosis of intravascular lymphoma presented with splenomegaly and leukemic appearance in the peripheral blood smear. Her clinical course was rapidly deteriorated before the initiation of specific chemotherapy and finally died due to multiorgan insufficiency. Bone marrow biopsy revealed a characteristic infiltration of CD5, CD10 B-cell lymphoma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a CD5, CD10 intravascular B-cell lymphoma with leukemic presentation in peripheral blood with multiple cytogenetic aberrations.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · European Journal Of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the histological and immunohistochemical features of granuloma annulare (GA) in comparison to deep granuloma annulare (DGA) and granulomatous dermatoses (GDs). Our material comprised 13 GA, 8 DGA and 1 atypical granuloma annulare (AGA) in a child with primary immunodeficiency, 10 cases of nonspecific GDs and 1 case of sarcoidosis with cutaneous involvement. The immunohistochemical streptavidin-biotin-Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) analysis was performed on paraffin sections for the detection of CD68/KP-1, CD68/anti-human CD68 clone PGM1 (PGM1), lysozyme, S-100 protein, CD1a, CD3, CD20/L-26, CD4 and CD8. All 13 GA were characterized by typical palisading and interstitial granulomas. In 6 cases, the lesion extended to the subcutaneous fat, while a considerable perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate without any signs of vasculitis was observed in 10 cases. The DGA were located to the deep dermis and subcutaneous fat, showing palisading granulomas with central necrobiosis. Immunohistochemistry revealed a broad intense expression of CD68/PGM1 in the histiocytic population in all cases, a constant but fainter detection of CD68/KP-1 and a variable one of lysozyme. T-cell markers (CD3, CD4 and CD8) were mainly detected in the perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate of GA and DGA, with CD4+ T lymphocytes predominating over CD8+ in GA and DGA, while CD8+ T lymphocytes was the predominant population in AGA. CD68/PGM1 is a sensitive and reliable histiocytic marker in confirming the histiocytic nature of equivocal GA and DGA, but the histiocytic immunoprofile is of no particular usefulness in differentiating GA from other GD.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Deregulated cell cycle control is one of the hallmarks of tumor development. The expression of different cell cycle regulators has been used in various neoplasms as an adjunct to diagnosis. We sough to determine the expression of cell cycle and apoptosis regulators in Spitz nevi and to appraise its value as a diagnostic adjunct in the differential diagnosis from melanomas and common nevi. Ki-67, p-27, p-16, p-53, p-21, Rb, cyclin D1, cyclin A, cyclin B1, bcl-2, and bax expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 10 Spitz nevi and was compared with 16 melanomas and 20 common nevi immunohistochemical expression. P-27 (60% +/- 20.13), p-16 (62.00% +/- 10.85), and bcl-2 (46.00% +/- 42.47) were highly expressed in Spitz nevi, whereas Ki-67 (2.80% +/- 2.55), Rb (3.75% +/- 4.55), p-53 (2.30% +/- 0.10), cyclin A (0.70% +/- 1.56), B1 (0.20% +/- 0.34), and bax (2.65% +/- 6.37) demonstrated a limited expression. Cyclin D1 (8.60% +/- 7.30) and p-21 (6.40% +/- 5.37) showed a moderate expression. The expression of bax (P = .001), Ki-67 (P < .0001), Rb (P < .0001), p-16 (P < .0001), cyclin A (P < .0001), and cyclin B1 (P < .0001) was significantly higher in melanomas in comparison with Spitz nevi, whereas p-27 expression was significantly higher in Spitz nevi (P < .0001). A trend for significant difference in favor of melanomas was also observed for p-53 (P = .002). On the other hand, no difference was detected for bcl-2 (P = .275), p-21 (P = .055), or cyclin D1 (P = .077). Spitz nevi demonstrated a trend for a higher expression for p-21 (P = .008) and cyclin D1 (P = .006), whereas they exhibited lower p-16 (P = .004) in comparison with common nevi. The number of Spitz nevi was relatively small. Spitz nevi differ from melanomas in their immunohistochemical pattern of expression of cell cycle and apoptosis regulators and more closely resemble common benign nevi.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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    ABSTRACT: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is common in morbid obesity. Our goal was to evaluate the alterations in liver histology and biochemistry before and after weight loss in 51 morbidly obese patients following Mason's vertical banded gastroplasty. Two biopsies were performed (on entry and after an average of 18 months), while 16 of these subjects had a third biopsy 17 months after the second. On entry, steatosis and steatohepatitis (mostly grade 3) were present in 98.0% and fibrosis (mostly stage 2) in 94.1% of the subjects. After an excess weight loss of 66%, steatosis and steatohepatitis improved significantly (P<0.001). Although a significant overall decrease in fibrosis occurred (P=0.002), 21 patients (41.1%) did not change and only 6 patients (11.7%) increased in fibrosis. None developed cirrhosis. The decrease in steatohepatitis was significantly correlated (P=0.011) with the reduction of BMI. Fasting serum glucose, lipids, lipoproteins, transaminases, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and fibrinogen were also significantly improved at the time of the second biopsy. The third biopsy performed in 16 of the subjects showed further significant improvement in liver histology. NASH improved significantly with massive weight loss in non-diabetic, non-alcoholic, morbidly obese subjects, while fibrosis improved in nearly half of the patients.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · Obesity Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of keloids remains unsatisfactory. Intralesional 5-fluorouracil (FU) has not been much investigated as a monotherapy in the treatment of keloids. We sought to evaluate the use of intralesional injections of 5-FU in the treatment of keloids. A total of 20 patients (11 male and 9 female) were treated once weekly with intralesional injections of 5-FU (50 mg/mL). Patients received an average of 7 treatments. Average injection volumes were 0.2 to 0.4 mL/cm2. All patients had full blood cell count, liver function tests, and renal function tests before and after treatment was commenced. A total of 10 patients had biopsy specimens taken before starting treatment as a baseline and after 6 sessions. Routine hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemical analysis detecting Ki-67 and transforming growth factor-beta were performed on paraffin sections. All patients were followed up for 12 months, or until recurrence was noted. Of 20 patients, 17 (85%) showed more than 50% improvement. Only one did not respond favorably. Small and previously untreated lesions improved the most. Pain (20 of 20), hyperpigmentation (20 of 20), and tissue sloughing (6 of 20) were the main adverse effects. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluation were consistent with the clinical observations. Ki-67 proliferative index was significantly reduced (P = .0001) after treatment. Transforming growth factor-beta was reduced less significantly. Recurrence was noted in 47% (9 of 19) of patients who responded to treatment within 1 year. A correlation was found ( P = .028) between the duration of the lesions and recurrence. Our study demonstrates that intralesional 5-FU may be effective in the treatment of keloids, but recurrence is common and further investigation is required.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2005 · Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic infection with Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic disease that affects mainly immunocompromised hosts and is associated with a high mortality rate. We report a case of A. fumigatus endocarditis after an episode of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Diagnosis was established after sudden rupture of posterior papillary muscle of the normal native mitral valve. Soon after mitral valve replacement, Aspergillus endocarditis recurred, associated with multiple peripheral emboli, which necessitated a second operation.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2004 · The Annals of thoracic surgery

Publication Stats

204 Citations
25.89 Total Impact Points


  • 2008
    • Κωνσταντοπούλειο νοσοκομείο Νέας Ιωνίας (Η Αγία Όλγα)
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • Evangelismos Hospital
      • Intensive Care Unit
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2005
    • A. Sygros Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece