[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Carvedilol exerted a greater reduction in mortality than metoprolol tartrate in the Carvedilol or Metoprolol European Trial (COMET). However, it is unclear if the degree and time course of beta1-blockade during a 24-h period was similar with each agent at the doses used. Therefore we analyzed 24-h ECG Holter recordings from a study which compared the long-term clinical efficacy of metoprolol tartrate to carvedilol in chronic heart failure patients using the same dosing regimen as in COMET.
Fifty-one patients with chronic heart failure with a mean LVEF 26+/-1.8% were randomized in a double-blind fashion to receive metoprolol tartrate 50 mg bid or carvedilol 25 mg bid. 24-h ECG monitoring (Holter) was performed at baseline, 12 weeks and 1 year. Adequate quality recordings for analysis were obtained from 43 subjects at baseline, 42 at 12 weeks and 29 subjects at 1 year. Both drugs produced a fall in average 24-h heart rate from baseline at 12 weeks and at 1 year: metoprolol 88+/-3 to 71+/-2 and 69+/-3 bpm; carvedilol 83+/-3 to 70+/-2 and 70+/-3 bpm respectively (all p<0.001). The pattern of suppression of heart rate during the 24-h period was similar for both drugs.
Metoprolol tartrate 50 mg bid and carvedilol 25 mg bid had similar effects on 24-h heart rate. This result suggests that the degree of beta1-blockade produced by these two drugs in these doses is comparable and the superior survival effect of carvedilol compared to metoprolol seen in COMET is likely to be due to actions of carvedilol other than beta1-blockade.
Preview · Article · Aug 2005 · European Journal of Heart Failure
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Beta-adrenergic blockade is of proven value in chronic heart failure. It is uncertain, however, if beta-blockade provides a similar degree of clinical benefit for heart failure patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) as those in sinus rhythm (SR).
To compare the effectiveness of beta blockade in patients with heart failure and AF.
Patients with chronic heart failure were randomized to treatment (double blind) with metoprolol 50 mg twice daily or carvedilol 25 mg twice daily in addition to standard therapy. Response was assessed after 12 weeks by a quality of life questionnaire, New York Heart Association class, exercise capacity (6-min walk test), radionucleotide ventriculography for LVEF, 2-D echocardiography measurement of left ventricular (LV) dimensions and diastolic filling and 24-h electrocardiograph monitoring to assess heart rate changes.
Both beta-blockers produced significant improvements in LVEF in both the SR group: (+6+/-10% at 12-week, P<0.001) and the AF group: (+11+/-9% at 12-week, P<0.05). However, significant improvement in symptoms (P<0.001) and exercise capacity (P<0.001) were observed only in the SR group but not in the AF group despite a significant improvement in LVEF.
Beta-blockers were effective in improving LV ejection fraction in chronic heart failure patients in either SR or AF but had less effect on symptoms and exercise capacity in those with AF.
No preview · Article · Aug 2002 · European Journal of Heart Failure
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heart failure is a common and serious condition in many parts of the world and is a frequent cause for hospital admission in the Chinese population of Hong Kong. There is no published information on the epidemiology of heart failure in this community or from mainland China. Therefore, a prospective study of consecutive patients admitted with the clinical diagnosis of heart failure has been carried out to identify the main risk factors or possible causes, and other clinical data. Seven-hundred thirty consecutive patients with cardiac failure were identified and studied. Standard clinical criteria were used for diagnosis and identification of the main or most likely aetiologies and echocardiography was done in 30%. The data analysis of the 730 patients showed the following. The majority were females (56%) and the prevalence of heart failure increased with age (mean age 73.5 +/- 11.7 years) with 76% of the women > 70 years old. In contrast, the men were younger with 40% < 70 years old. The main identifiable risk factors were hypertension (37%), ischemic heart disease (31%), valvular heart disease (15%), cor pulmonale (27%), idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (4%), and miscellaneous (10%). In women, hypertension was the commonest cause at all ages but in men aged < 70 years ischemic heart disease was equal in frequency to hypertension (36% and 35%, respectively). Twenty-one percent had diabetes compared to a community rate of 10% for this age group (odds ratio 2.25, P < 0.0001). There was considerable overlap between diabetes, hypertension and ischemic heart disease. The estimated incidence rate was 3.8/1000 women and 3.0/1000 men aged > 45 years old.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
No preview · Article · Sep 1995 · International Journal of Cardiology