[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dechlorination of 2, 2', 3, 4, 4', 5, 5'- heptachlorobiphenyl in soil was studied by using Pd/Fe bimetallic catalytic reduction. 2, 2', 3, 4, 4', 5, 5'- heptachlorobiphenyl can be dechlorinated effectively by Pd/Fe bimetal. It was found that the removal efficiency of 2, 2', 3, 4, 4', 5, 5'- heptachlorobiphenyl in soil could reach 54% after 5 days of reaction with 1 g of Pd/Fe (Pd loading 0.05%) and at an initial pH of 5.6. Several important experiment parameters involved in this process were also studied, including Pd loading, initial soil pH, the reaction time, the amount of Pd/Fe used and 2, 2', 3, 4, 4', 5, 5'- heptachlorobiphenyl initial concentration. The results showed that higher Pd loading, higher dosage of Pd/Fe, lower initial concentration of 2, 2', 3, 4, 4', 5, 5'- heptachlorobiphenyl and weak acid condition were beneficial to the catalytic dechlorination of 2, 2', 3, 4, 4', 5, 5'- heptachlorobiphenyl. The degradation of 2, 2', 3, 4, 4', 5, 5'- heptachlorobiphenyl, catalyzed by Pd/Fe, followed first-order kinetics, and the rate constant was 0.014 2/h, the half life was 49 h. In addition, two possible mechanisms of the dechlorination reaction were proposed and discussed.
No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A few researchers have reported on work concerning bioleaching of heavy-metal-contaminated soil using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, since this acidophile is sensitive to dissolved low molecular weight (LMW) organic acids. Iron oxidation by A. ferrooxidans R2 as well as growth on ferrous iron was inhibited by a variety of dissolved LMW organic acids. Growth experiments with ferrous iron as an oxidant showed that the inhibition capability sequence was formic acid>acetic acid>propionic acid>oxalic acid>malic acid>citric acid. The concentrations that R2 might tolerate were formic acid 0.1mmolL(-1) (2mmolkg(-1)soil), acetic and propionic acids 0.4mmolL(-1) (8mmolkg(-1)soil), oxalic acid 2.0mmolL(-1) (40mmolkg(-1)soil), malic acid 20mmolL(-1) (400mmolkg(-1)soil), citric acid 40mmolL(-1) (800mmolkg(-1)soil), respectively. Although R2 was sensitive to organic acids, the concentrations of LMW organic acids in the contaminated soils were rather lower than the tolerable levels. Hence, it is feasible that R2 might be used for bioleaching of soils contaminated with metals or metals coupled with organic compounds because of the higher concentrations of LMW organic acids to which R2 is tolerant.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · Journal of Hazardous Materials
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pot experiment was used to investigate phytoremediation of phenanthrene-contaminated soil with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Results indicated that phenanthrene had inhibitive effect on alfalfa growth, and higher phenanthrene concentration seriously prevent alfalfa growth. When the concentration was 445.22 mg/kg, the shoot and root biomasses were only 57.31% and 31.20% of control respectively. Alfalfa significantly promoted phenanthrene degradation in the soil. After 60 days, 85.68%-91.40% and 75.25%-86.61% of spiked phenanthrene disappeared from the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils respectively. And the average removal ratio of phenanthrene in rhizosphere soils was 6.33% higher than that in non-rhizoshpere soils. The residual concentration of phenanthrene in the rhizosphere was lower than that in the non-rhizosphere but the dehydrogenase activity was on the contrary. With phenanthrene concentration increase the removal ratio and dehydrogenase activity decreased. A positive correlation was observed between the soil dehydrogenase activity and the removal ratio of phenanthrene in both the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soils. Therefore the presence of alfalfa roots was effective in promoting the phytoremediation of phenanthrene.
No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.]