[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The angiotensin II C-terminal hexapeptide fragment angiotensin IV (Ang IV) exerts central and cardiovascular effects. Cystinyl aminopeptidase (EC 18.104.22.168), a membrane-associated zinc-dependent metallopeptidase of the M1 family, has recently been found to display high affinity for Ang IV and it was proposed to represent the AT4 receptor. We present evidence for the presence of endogenous cystinyl aminopeptidase in membranes from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells by binding studies with [125I]Ang IV and by measuring the cleavage of L-leucine-p-nitroanilide. The equilibrium dissociation constant of [125I]Ang IV in saturation binding studies (KD= 0.90 nM) was similar to the value (KD= 0.70 nM) calculated from the association and dissociation rates. Binding was displaced with high potency by the "AT4 receptor" ligands (Ang IV > divalinal1-Ang IV approximately LVV-hemorphin-7 approximately LVV-hemorphin-6 > Ang (3-7) > Ang III > Ang (4-8)) but not by AT1/AT2 receptor antagonists. Enzymatic activity in CHO-K1 cell membranes was competitively inhibited upto 94% by Ang IV and other "AT4 receptor" ligands (Ang IV > Ang III approximately divalinal1-Ang IV approximately Ang (3-7) approximately LVV-hemorphin-7 > Ang (4-8) approximately LVV-hemorphin-6). High affinity binding of [125I]Ang IV required the presence of metal chelators and the ligands such as Ang IV and LVV-hemorphin-7 displayed higher potency in the binding studies as in the enzyme assay. This difference in potency varied from one peptide to another. These pharmacological properties match those previously reported for the recombinantly-expressed human cystinyl aminopeptidase in embryonal kidney cells.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Membranes of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells were used to study the opposite modulation of enzyme activity and [125I]Ang IV binding to cystinyl aminopeptidase (EC 22.214.171.124) by divalent cation chelators. Whereas ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) or ethylene glycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) alone only slightly affected the enzyme activity, 1,10-phenanthrolin (1,10-PHE) produced a complete and concentration-dependent inhibition. Interestingly EDTA (> or =0.05 mM) or EGTA (> or =0.15 mM) enhanced the inhibitory effect of 1,10-PHE. Two-site analysis of the corresponding inhibition curves revealed that EDTA and EGTA converted enzymes with low sensitivity towards 1,10-PHE into enzymes with high sensitivity. The combined inhibition by EDTA (0.1 mM) and 1,10-PHE (0.1 mM) could be prevented and reversed by addition of Zn2+ (at about 0.04-0.1 mM). In contrast, specific binding of [125I]Ang IV was enhanced in the presence of 1,10-PHE. Binding was only slightly affected by EDTA or EGTA alone. Furthermore, the stimulatory effect of 1,10-PHE was potentiated by EDTA (> or =0.05 mM) as well as EGTA (> or =0.15 mM). In the presence of EDTA (0.1 mM) and 1,10-PHE (0.1 mM), specific [125I]Ang IV binding was completely inhibited by Zn2+ (IC50= 39.7 +/- 6.2 microM). The present data show that divalent cations such as Zn2+ are essential for the enzyme activity of cystinyl aminopeptidase and inhibitory for [125I]Ang IV binding. Modulation of the effects of 1,10-PHE by other chelators such as EDTA or EGTA, suggests that, in addition to the binding site for zinc in the catalytic site, cystinyl aminopeptidase also bears a regulatory divalent cation binding site.