S Saenglertsilapachai

Mahidol University, Krung Thep, Bangkok, Thailand

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Publications (2)3.89 Total impact

  • K Na-Bangchang · J Karbwang · R Ubalee · A Thanavibul · S Saenglertsilapachai
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    ABSTRACT: The study was carried out to investigate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between artemether (ARTEM) and quinoline antimalarials namely mefloquine (MQ), quinine (QN) and primaquine (PQ) when given concurrently. A randomised comparative, seven way cross-over design was performed in eight healthy male Thais following the administrations of seven drug regimens on seven occasions ie. a single oral dose of ARTEM (300 mg), or MQ (750 mg), or QN (600 mg), or PQ (45 mg) alone, or the combination of ARTEM (300 mg) with MQ (750 mg), or QN (600 mg), or PQ (45 mg). All clinical and laboratory parameters were normal in all subjects, before, during and after the study. The eight subject experienced no adverse effect after ARTEM, QN, PQ alone regimens, or combination of ARTEM with QN and PQ. After administration of MQ in either occasion, 3 subjects had weakness, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhoea; one subject complained of dizziness. All symptoms were mild and occurred during the first day of MQ administration. The fitting of the concentration-time curves of ARTEM, QN and PQ, to a one-compartment model with first order absorption yielded satisfactory results in all subjects. The best fit model for MQ was two-compartment model with first order absorption. The pharmacokinetics of all investigated drug, when given alone or in combination were not significantly different.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2000 · European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
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    K Na-Bangchang · P Tippanangkosol · R Ubalee · S Chaovanakawee · S Saenglertsilapachai · J Karbwang
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a randomized, comparative trial at the Bangkok Hospital for Tropical Diseases during 1996-98 to evaluate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of four combination regimens of dihydroartemisinin-mefloquine. 207 male patients aged 18-25 years, weighing 49.3-55.1 kg were randomized to receive a single oral dose of 300 mg dihydroartemisinin plus one or two doses of mefloquine as follows: regimen I (n = 26): 750 mg mefloquine concurrently, or regimen II (n = 22): 750 mg mefloquine 24 h later, or regimen III (n = 78): 750 and 500 mg mefloquine at 24 and 30 h, or regimen IV (n = 81): 750 and 500 mg mefloquine (at 0 and 24 h). All patients improved clinically within 24 h of initiation of treatment. The initial therapeutic response was rapid and identical in all treatment groups (median PCT vs. FCT: 36 vs. 24, 36 vs. 28, 36 vs. 26, and 34 vs. 26 h, for regimen I, II, III and IV, respectively). All combination regimens generally showed acceptable tolerability profiles. Compliance with follow-up (42 days) was achieved by 86.5% (179 cases). Recrudescent parasitaemia was significantly higher in patients treated with low-dose mefloquine combinations (regimens I, II:8/23, 9/16) than in those who received high-dose mefloquine (regimens III, IV: 2/70, 3/70). No RII or RIII type of response was observed. There were no significant differences in susceptibility to mefloquine between primary and recrudescent isolates. Dose-adjusted whole blood mefloquine concentrations were significantly higher in high-dose mefloquine regimens (III and IV). Patients who vomited within the first hour of mefloquine administration had markedly lower whole blood mefloquine concentrations than those who did not vomit.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 1999 · Tropical Medicine & International Health