[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ovarian pregnancy is an uncommon presentation of ectopic gestation, where the gestational sac is implanted within the ovary. Usually, it ends with rupture, which occurs before the end of the first trimester. Its presentation often is difficult to distinguish from that of tubal ectopic pregnancy and hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. We describe a case of primary ovarian pregnancy in a 31-year-old patient who presented to the emergency room with symptoms and signs of peritonism and positive urine hCG test. The gestation sac was demonstrated in the right ovary by transvaginal sonography. MSD (mean sac diameter) was 15 mm corresponding to the sixth gestational week. Free fluid was found in the Douglas pouch. Culdocentesis was positive for hemoperitoneum. Henceforth, emergency laparotomy and wedge resection of the ovary was perfomed. Aetiological, clinical and therapeutical aspects of this rare extrauterine pregnancy are described. Also, the problems of its differential diagnosis are discussed.
No preview · Article · Feb 2002 · Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intraperitoneal haemorrhage is a rare complication of myomatous uterus. We present a case of a 37-year-old white nullipara who presented in the emergency room with acute, lower-abdominal pain which reportedly started after riding over a bump on a motorcycle. On examination, the abdomen was diffusely tender, with moderate spasm and rebound tenderness in both iliac fossae. Pregnancy test was negative. Computed tomography revealed a soft-tissue mass with cystic components and inhomogeneous appearance. Free fluid in the peritoneal cavity suggested ascites. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy. A ruptured, actively bleeding, subserosal, nonpedunculated, cystic degenerated uterine fibroid was found, as well as approximately two liters of free, bloodstained peritoneal fluid and clots. Subtotal hysterectomy without salpingo-oophorectomy was performed, followed by evacuation of the fluid and clots. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. In conclusion, definitive, preoperative diagnosis of a perforated, haemorrhaging, uterine fibroid is difficult; exploratory laparotomy is both diagnostic and therapeutic in this rare, life-threatening condition.
No preview · Article · Feb 2002 · European journal of gynaecological oncology