Publications (2)4.79 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: For accurate assessment of the response to primary chemotherapy (PCT) for locally advanced breast cancer, we measured reduction in total tumor volume (TTV) by using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3D MRI), and examined the relationship between this reduction and patient prognosis. Fifty-one patients with locally advanced breast cancer were treated with four cycles of docetaxel (60 mg/m(2)) before surgery. Tumor size was measured with calipers, ultrasonography (US) and conventional two-dimensional (2D) MRI before and after chemotherapy. TTV was measured with 3D MRI. These and other clinicopathological parameters were statistically analyzed to determine the prognosis for the patients. Median follow-up time was 46 months (1-64 months). Of the 51 patients, 25 developed distant recurrences. Patients whose TTV decreased by 75% or more after PCT showed significantly better prognosis than others, while tumor size measured with calipers, US and 2D MRI showed no significant relationship with patient prognosis. Of the clinicopathological parameters, only reduction in TTV and histological grade showed a significant association with distant recurrence-free survival (p = 0.03 and 0.02, log-rank test), while stepwise multivariate Cox's proportional hazards analysis identified TTV as the strongest independent prognostic factor. Reduction in TTV measured with 3D MRI can be a useful prognostic factor for patients with locally advanced breast cancer treated with PCT.
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ABSTRACT: We conducted a retrospective study to assess the safety, cosmetic outcome, and patients' satisfaction after skin-sparing (SSM) and nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) for breast cancer with immediate reconstruction of the breast (SMIBR). The subjects were patients, who underwent SMIBR, breast-conserving surgery (BCS), and total mastectomy (MST) between 2000 and 2004 at Osaka University Hospital. Cosmetic outcome was estimated by 4 reviewers by scoring postoperative photographs of the patients. Patient satisfaction was evaluated with a questionnaire for assessment of quality of life for Japanese breast cancer patients. Of the 74 patients who had undergone SMIBR, 4 developed local recurrences (5%). The local recurrence rate for SMIBR patients was greater than that for BCS (4/178) and MST (3/178, P = .10). The distant recurrence rate was similar for all three types of patients (5% for SMIBR, 5% for BCS, and 9% for MST). The median averaged score by 4 reviewers for the estimated cosmetic outcomes was 7.8 for the SMIBR and 7.5 for the BCS group (P = .20), and for age-adjusted patients, the corresponding scores were 8.2 and 8.0 (P = .70). There was no difference in cosmetic outcome between the SSM and NSM subgroups (P = .09). Average scores for patient satisfaction (social activity, physical aspects, and general condition) were the same for the 3 groups. For body image, the BCS and SMIBR groups had higher scores than the MST group (p < 0.05). Average scores for questions relating to bodily pain and sexual aspects were higher for the BCS than the MST group, but were not different between SMIBR and BCS groups. Similar trends for the 3 groups were observed when patients were divided into subgroups by tumor size or axillary dissection. SMIBR is safe with a comparatively low local recurrence rate and the same distant recurrence rate as for BCS and MST. Moreover, it results in objective cosmetic outcome and patient satisfaction as good as those for BCS, and greater patient satisfaction with body image than that for MST.
Osaka UniversitySuika, Ōsaka, Japan
Osaka City University
Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
- Department of Surgical Oncology