[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: This study replicated the 1989 national study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in which the relative importance of teaching, scholarship, and service in tenure decisions was examined. The deans of the National League for Nursing accredited programs (N= 187) and deans of Allied Health programs belonging to the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (N=75) were surveyed to identify the core values and evaluation processes used in granting tenure. Most deans who participated stated it is difficult to achieve tenure in the absence of publication in refereed journals. The number of journal publications, reputation of the journal, presentation at scientific conferences, and published reviews of the scholars' books are considered critical in granting tenure. Furthermore, advising students, service in the department and university, and course evaluation by students were considered critical to granting tenure. Overall, the opinions of the nursing and allied health deans on the core values and the evaluation processes used in tenure decisions were similar, but divergent from those of the "health sciences" faculty members in the Carnegie Foundation study. These findings suggest a shift in the criteria used in tenure decisions today.
Full-text Article · Jul 2007 · Perceptual and Motor Skills
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: This paper presents a prospective cross-sectional study that investigated the tenure rate and the primary criterion use in granting tenure in nursing and allied health education in the United States of America.
Given the recent trend by highly skilled professionals to seek employment in other countries, a clear understanding of the conditions of service in higher education is important to educators contemplating the relocating to another country. The preponderance of the published literature on academic tenure is from the United States of America, where educators continue to debate the value of the tenure system and the criteria to be used in tenure decisions.
We surveyed the deans of National League for Nursing accredited programmes (n = 187) and deans of allied health programmes belonging to the association of schools of allied health professions (n = 75) in the United States of America. The questionnaire sought demographic and institution-related information, tenure rate and weightings attached to teaching, scholarship and service in tenure decision. The data were collected in 2002.
Allied health and nursing educators had 47% and 35% tenure rates, respectively. The overwhelming majority of the deans in our study, 77%, ranked teaching as the primary criterion used in tenure decisions in their institutions. On the other hand, fewer than 25% rated scholarship and fewer than 5% rated service as the most important criterion used for tenure in their institution. The responses of the deans were modulated by the type and ownership of the institution in which they were employed and the characteristics of the educators.
The implications for preparing future educators in the United States of America for long-term careers in allied health and nursing professions are that: (1) teaching is less highly valued in research-oriented universities; and (2) heavy teaching workloads may be detrimental to the chances of obtaining tenure. Replication of the study in other countries would have the potential to facilitate the employment mobility and educator exchange.
Full-text Article · Jan 2007 · Journal of Advanced Nursing