Marcelo Nascimento

Gold Coast University Hospital, Southport, Queensland, Australia

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Publications (17)73.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Malnutrition is common in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and is associated with impaired quality of life (QoL), longer hospital stay and higher risk of treatment-related adverse events. This phase III multi-centre randomised clinical trial tested early enteral feeding versus standard care on postoperative QoL. From 2009 to 2013, 109 patients requiring surgery for suspected advanced EOC, moderately to severely malnourished were enrolled at five sites across Queensland and randomised to intervention (n=53) or control (n=56) groups. Intervention involved intraoperative nasojejunal tube placement and enteral feeding until adequate oral intake could be maintained. Despite being randomised to intervention, 20 patients did not receive feeds (13 did not receive the feeding tube; 7 had it removed early). Control involved postoperative diet as tolerated. QoL was measured at baseline, 6weeks postoperatively and 30days after the third cycle of chemotherapy. The primary outcome measure was different in QoL between intervention and control group. Secondary endpoints included treatment-related adverse event occurrence, length of stay, postoperative services use, and nutritional status. Baseline characteristics were comparable between treatment groups. No significant difference in QoL was found between the groups at any time point. There was a trend towards better nutritional status in patients who received the intervention but the differences did not reach statistical significance except for the intention-to-treat analysis at 7days postoperatively (11.8 intervention vs. 13.8 control, p 0.04). Early enteral feeding did not significantly improve patients' QoL compared to standard of care but may improve nutritional status. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Gynecologic Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The number of obese and morbidly obese patients within the developed world is dramatically increasing within the last 20 years. Apart from demographical changes, obese patients are especially prone to have oestrogen-dependent morbidities and neoplasias, of which laparoscopic treatment should be the standard of care. The increasing number of patients with BMI >40 is concerning, making it necessary to summarise considerations for safe and effective Gynaecological Laparoscopic Surgery. The sequel to successful laparoscopic surgery in obese patients comprises an interdisciplinary appreciation of laparoscopy. Preoperatively, anaesthetics and medical review are suggested to optimise treatment of comorbidities (i.e. infections and blood sugar levels). Positioning of the patient should consider anti-slip options and pannus fixation to ease laparoscopic access and decrease pressure to the chest. There is no standard port placement in obese patients and landmarks have to be the bony structures of the pelvis and ribs. Retraction of the bowel is essential and mobilisation of the sigmoid with fan retractors or endoloops can accomplish adequate vision. 30° scopes can be considered for vision "around the obstacle". An experienced assistant with anticipation of surgical steps is favourable for successful surgery completion. Intra-operatively, good surgical techniques are essential. Vessel sealing systems reduce the need for instrument changes and may be helpful in following visualised tissue planes. A transvaginal vault closure may be advantageous compared to laparoscopic closure and Endostiches may be preferred to close the fascia of large trocar sites under vision.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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    ABSTRACT: Abdominopelvic infiltrative disease may require aggressive surgical procedures. This study reports on our experience with distal ureterectomy, ureteroureterostomy, and extravesical ureteroneocystostomy as part of radical surgery for infiltrating gynecologic disease. Twenty-one women required surgery to the distal ureter at the Queensland Centre for Gynecological Cancer, Australia, from January 2006 to September 2012. Details of the patient's history, operation record, inpatient notes, and follow-up data were obtained through chart review. Patients' median age was 57.8 ± 14.7 years (range, 30-80 years). Seventeen patients had gynecologic cancer. Mean operating time was 3.9 ± 0.9 hours (range, 2.5-5.5 hours). Restoration of continuity was achieved through extravesical ureteroneocystostomy and ureteroureterostomy in 18 and 3 patients, respectively. Boari flap was used in 3 patients, and psoas hitch was the technique chosen in 11 patients. Urinary tract infection was the most common clinical adverse event. Albeit clinically irrelevant, 38% of the patients showed structural renal tract changes postoperatively. To achieve maximal surgical radicalness, resection of the distal ureter with subsequent ureteroureterostomy or extravesical ureteroneocystostomy is feasible and safe. Radical surgery to the urinary tract should be considered as a legitimate part of a gynecologic oncologist's surgical armamentarium to increase a patient's probability of survival and its positive effect on kidney function.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical staging in early-stage uterine cancer is controversial. Preoperative serum CA-125 may be of clinical value in predicting the presence of extra-uterine disease in patients with apparent early-stage endometrial cancer. Between October 6, 2005, and June 17, 2010, 760 patients were enrolled in an international, multicentre, prospective randomized trial (LACE) comparing laparotomy with laparoscopy in the management of endometrial cancer apparently confined to the uterus. Of these, 657 patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma had a preoperative serum CA-125 value recorded. Multiple cross-validation analysis was undertaken to correlate preoperative serum CA-125 with stage of disease (Stage I vs. Stage II+) after surgery. Patients' median preoperative serum CA-125 was 14 U/ml. A cutoff point of 30 U/ml was associated with the smallest misclassification error, and using this cutoff, 98 patients (14.9%) had elevated CA-125 levels. Of those, 36 (36.7%) had evidence of extra-uterine disease. Of the 116 patients (17.7%) with evidence of extra-uterine disease, 31.0% had an elevated CA-125 level. On univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis, only preoperative CA-125 level, but no other preoperative clinical characteristics were found to be associated with extra-uterine spread of disease. Utilizing a cutoff point of 30 U/ml achieved a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 31.0, 88.5, 36.7 and 85.7%, respectively. Elevated CA-125 above 30 U/ml in patients with apparent early-stage disease is a risk factor for the presence of extra-uterine disease and may assist clinicians in the management of patients with clinical Stage I endometrial cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · International Journal of Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: To compare Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (TLH) and Total Abdominal Hysterectomy (TAH) with regard to surgical safety. Between October 2005 and June 2010, 760 patients with apparent early stage endometrial cancer were enroled in a multicentre, randomised clinical trial (LACE) comparing outcomes following TLH or TAH. The main study end points for this analysis were surgical adverse events (AE), hospital length of stay, conversion from laparoscopy to laparotomy, including 753 patients who completed at least 6 weeks of follow-up. Postoperative AEs were graded according to Common Toxicity Criteria (V3), and those immediately life-threatening, requiring inpatient hospitalisation or prolonged hospitalisation, or resulting in persistent or significant disability/incapacity were regarded as serious AEs. The incidence of intra-operative AEs was comparable in either group. The incidence of post-operative AE CTC grade 3+ (18.6% in TAH, 12.9% in TLH, p 0.03) and serious AE (14.3% in TAH, 8.2% in TLH, p 0.007) was significantly higher in the TAH group compared to the TLH group. Mean operating time was 132 and 107 min, and median length of hospital stay was 2 and 5 days in the TLH and TAH group, respectively (p<0.0001). The decline of haemoglobin from baseline to day 1 postoperatively was 2g/L less in the TLH group (p 0.006). Compared to TAH, TLH is associated with a significantly decreased risk of major surgical AEs. A laparoscopic surgical approach to early stage endometrial cancer is safe.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
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    ABSTRACT: To identify risk factors for major adverse events (AEs) and to develop a nomogram to predict the probability of such AEs in patients who have surgery for apparent early stage endometrial cancer. We used data from 753 patients who were randomised to either total laparoscopic hysterectomy or total abdominal hysterectomy in the LACE trial. Serious adverse events that prolonged hospital stay or postoperative adverse events (using common terminology criteria 3+, CTCAE V3) were considered major AEs. We analysed pre-surgical characteristics that were associated with the risk of developing major AEs by multivariate logistic regression. We identified a parsimonious model by backward stepwise logistic regression. The six most significant or clinically important variables were included in the nomogram to predict the risk of major AEs within 6weeks of surgery and the nomogram was internally validated. Overall, 132 (17.5%) patients had at least one major AE. An open surgical approach (laparotomy), higher Charlson's medical co-morbidities score, moderately differentiated tumours on curettings, higher baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, higher body mass index and low haemoglobin levels were associated with AE and were used in the nomogram. The bootstrap corrected concordance index of the nomogram was 0.63 and it showed good calibration. Six pre-surgical factors independently predicted the risk of major AEs. This research might form the basis to develop risk reduction strategies to minimise the risk of AEs among patients undergoing surgery for apparent early stage endometrial cancer.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
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    ABSTRACT: The previous (1988) International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) vulval cancer staging system failed in 3 important areas: (1) stage 1 and 2 disease showed similar survival; (2) stage 3 represented a most heterogeneous group of patients with a wide survival range; and (3) the number and morphology of positive nodes were not taken into account. To compare the 1988 FIGO vulval carcinoma staging system with that of 2009 with regard to stage migration and prognostication. Information on all patients treated for vulval cancer at the Queensland Centre for Gynecological Cancers, Australia, between 1988 to the present was obtained. Data included patients' characteristics as well as details on histopathology, treatments, and follow-up. We recorded the original 1988 FIGO stage, reviewed all patients' histopathology information, and restaged all patients to the 2009 FIGO staging system. Data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method to compare relapse-free survival and overall survival. Data from 394 patients with primary vulval carcinoma were eligible for analysis. Patients with stage IA disease remained unchanged. Tumors formerly classified as stage II are now classified as stage IB. Therefore, FIGO 2009 stage II has become rare, with only 6 of 394 patients allocated to stage II. Stage III has been broken down into 3 substages, thus creating distinct differences in relapse-free survival and overall survival. Prognosis of patients with stage IIIC disease is remarkably poor. The FIGO 2009 staging system for vulval carcinoma successfully addresses some concerns of the 1988 system. Especially, it identifies high-risk patients within the heterogeneous group of lymph node-positive patients.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: While there is ample literature on prognostic factors for uterine cancer, currently there are nomeans to estimate an individual's risk for recurrence or to differentiate the risk of loco-regional recurrence from distant recurrence. We addressed this gap by developing nomograms to individualize the risk of recurrence. A total of 2097 consecutive patients who underwent primary surgery between 1997 and 2007 were included. Sixteen covariates were evaluated for their prognostic significance and modeled using multivariable competing risks regression to predict three-year outcomes as part of a nomogram. Each covariate in the nomogram is assigned a value, and a sum of these values form the overall risk score from which three-year incidence probabilities can be predicted for each individual. Predictive accuracy was assessed with concordance index and then corrected for optimism. The median follow-up time (inter-quartile range, IQR) was 50.0 (28.3-77.5) months and 221 patients developed a recurrence (127 patients with isolated loco-regional recurrence, 94 patients with distant recurrence). The nomograms included the following covariates: age at diagnosis, FIGO stage (2009), grade, lymphovascular invasion, histological type, depth of myometrial invasion, and peritoneal cytology. Concordance indices for isolated loco-regional and distant recurrences were 0.73 and 0.86, respectively. Our nomograms quantify an individual patient's risk of isolated loco-regional and distant recurrence, using factors that are routinely collected. They may assist clinicians to assess an individual's prognosis, individualize treatment and also assist in the risk stratification in prospective randomized clinical trials evaluating the effectiveness of treatments for uterine cancer.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Gynecologic Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Gynecologic Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Gynecologic Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: This two-stage randomised controlled trial, comparing total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) with total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) for stage I endometrial cancer (LACE), began in 2005. The primary objective of stage 1 was to assess whether TLH results in equivalent or improved quality of life (QoL) up to 6 months after surgery compared with TAH. The primary objective of stage 2 was to test the hypothesis that disease-free survival at 4·5 years is equivalent for TLH and TAH. Here, we present the results of stage 1.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2010 · The Lancet Oncology
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    Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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    Andrea J Garrett · Marcelo Carraro Nascimento · James L Nicklin · Lewis C Perrin · Andreas Obermair
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    ABSTRACT: Total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) is becoming more commonly used for gynaecological malignancies. To describe our experience with TLH since its introduction to our tertiary referral centre for gynaecological cancer in 2003. Retrospective analysis of the first 120 consecutive cases of TLH performed at our gynaecological cancer centre. Patients were divided into the first, second and third group of 40 patients. Operating time, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, conversion to laparotomy and intra- and postoperative morbidity were evaluated. Results: The three groups were similar with regard to baseline characteristics. For the entire group the mean hospital stay was 2.4 +/- 1.4 days and eight of 120 patients (6.6%) required conversion to laparotomy. Operating time, estimated blood loss and intraoperative morbidity were similar among the three groups. Postoperative morbidity was highest (25%) in the middle one-third of the patients (P = 0.022). The percentage of pelvic lymph node dissections increased from 2.5% in the first one-third of patients to 27.5% in the final one-third of patients (P = 0.003). TLH can be established safely in a tertiary gynaecological cancer referral centre.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2007 · Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Marcelo Carraro Nascimento · Diane Cominos · Norman John Trevor Davies · Andreas Obermair
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    ABSTRACT: Vulval Keratoacanthoma (KA) is very rare and its differential diagnosis from the commonly occurring Vulval Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is important to avoid overtreatment. A case of Vulval KA in a 79-year-old lady is reported. She presented with a 9-mm firm raised lesion on the antero-lateral left side of the clitoris of a few months' duration with no associated symptoms. The lesion was resected with clear margins and the excision site was well healed at her appointment 4 weeks later. We share our experience reporting the fifth case of a vulval KA in the world literature. Consideration to the occurrence of vulval KA is important to avoid both an erroneous diagnosis of vulval SCC and the associated consequences of radical surgery.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Gynecologic Oncology
  • Marcelo Carraro Nascimento · Andrea Kelley · Caroline Martitsch · Ines Weidner · Andreas Obermair
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    ABSTRACT: There is limited information available on the requirement for postoperative analgesic drugs in patients submitted to total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) compared with patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy (VH). To compare the postoperative analgesic requirements in patients who underwent a TLH with patients who had a VH. Chart review of 53 patients who had TLH and 47 who had VH and were seen postoperatively by an acute pain management service in order to assess postoperative analgesic requirements. Patient controlled analgesia (PCA) was part of the standard protocol for postoperative pain management. Analgesic requirement was recorded as the mean doses of morphine and number of days that patients used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), oxycodone and tramadol. The requirement for total morphine was approximately half the dose in patients who had a TLH (10.8 +/- 12.6 mg) compared with patients who had a VH (19.4 +/- 21.9 mg) (P 0.017). The length of use of NSAIDs was significantly reduced in patients who had undergone a TLH (2.0 +/- 0.95 days) as compared with patients who had a VH (2.85 +/- 1.1 days) (P < 0.0001). Patients submitted to TLH require less postoperative analgesic drugs when compared with patients who had VH. Prospective randomised trials are warranted to compare analgesic requirements between patients submitted to TLH and VH.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Isam Lataifeh · Marcelo Carraro Nascimento · James L Nicklin · Lewis C Perrin · Alex J Crandon · Andreas Obermair
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    ABSTRACT: To compare patterns of recurrence and disease-free survival (DFS) of node-positive and node-negative patients with advanced vulval squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Fifty-five patients with FIGO stage III/IVA vulval SCC who had surgery at the Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer from 1989 to 1999 were included. Patients were grouped as follows: Group A, pT3 N0; Group B, pT3 N1; Group C, pT4 N2. Treatment included surgery +/- postoperative radiotherapy. Multivariate Cox models were calculated to identify independent prognostic factors. After a median follow-up of 96 months, 25 patients (45.5%) experienced recurrence at the vulva (n = 2), pelvis (n = 8), or distant sites (n = 15). Recurrence in the pelvis and at distant sites was more likely for patients in groups B and C (P 0.003). At 5 years the probability of DFS was 66.6%, 35.3%, and 39.8% for patients in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P 0.085). Patients with negative nodes (n = 15), one microscopic positive node (n = 11), and two or more positive nodes (n = 29) had a probability of DFS of 66.6%, 67.3%, and 26.1% at 5 years, respectively (P 0.005). Patients with > or =2 positive groin nodes are at risk for distant failure. The DFS of patients with negative groin nodes and those with only one microscopic positive node is very similar. The prognosis of patients with > or =2 positive unilateral or bilateral groin nodes is similar. The current FIGO staging system inaccurately reflects prognosis for patients with advanced vulval cancer. Clinical trials are warranted to investigate the benefit of systemic treatment.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2005 · Gynecologic Oncology

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Publication Stats

247 Citations
73.05 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Gold Coast University Hospital
      Southport, Queensland, Australia
  • 2005-2014
    • Royal Brisbane Hospital
      • Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 2012
    • University of Queensland
      • Department of Medicine
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia