Man-Li Tang

Nanyang Technological University, Tumasik, Singapore

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Publications (3)11.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) interacts with the heterodimer cell adhesion molecules integrins to modulate cell adhesion and migration. Devoid of a cytoplasmic domain, uPAR triggers intracellular signaling via its associated molecules that contain cytoplasmic domains. Interestingly, uPAR changes the ectodomain conformation of one of its partner molecules, integrin alpha(5)beta(1), and elicits cytoplasmic signaling. The separation or reorientation of integrin transmembrane domains and cytoplasmic tails are required for integrin outside-in signaling. However, there is a lack of direct evidence showing these conformational changes of an integrin that interacts with uPAR. In this investigation we used reporter monoclonal antibodies and fluorescence resonance energy transfer analyses to show conformational changes in the alpha(M)beta(2) headpiece and reorientation of its transmembrane domains when alpha(M)beta(2) interacts with uPAR.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The current paradigm is that integrin is activated via inside-out signalling when its cytoplasmic tails and TMs (transmembrane helices) are separated by specific cytosolic protein(s). Perturbations of the helical interface between the alpha- and beta-TMs of an integrin, as a result of mutations, affect its function. Previous studies have shown the requirement for specific pairing between integrin subunits by ectodomain-exchange analyses. It remains unknown whether permissive alpha/beta-TM pairing of an integrin is also required for pairing specificity and the expression of a functionally regulated receptor. We performed scanning replacement of integrin beta2-TM with a TM of other integrin beta-subunits. With the exception of beta4 substitution, others presented beta2-integrins with modified phenotypes, either in their expression or ligand-binding properties. Subsequently, we adopted alphaLbeta2 for follow-on experiments because its conformation and affinity-state transitions have been well defined as compared with other members of the beta2-integrins. Replacement of beta2- with beta3-TM generated a chimaeric alphaLbeta2 of an intermediate affinity that adhered to ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecule 1) but not to ICAM-3 constitutively. Replacing alphaL-TM with alphaIIb-TM, forming a natural alphaIIb/beta3-TM pair, reversed the phenotype of the chimaera to that of wild-type alphaLbeta2. Interestingly, the replacement of alphaLbeta2- with beta3-TM showed neither an extended conformation nor the separation of its cytoplasmic tails, which are well-reported hallmarks of an activated alphaLbeta2, as determined by reporter mAb (monoclonal antibody) KIM127 reactivity and FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) measurements respectively. Collectively, our results suggest that TM pairing specificity is required for the expression of a functionally regulated integrin.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2008 · Biochemical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The cell adhesion molecule integrin alphaMbeta2 associates with the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) on monocytes and neutrophils. uPAR also associates with members of the beta1 and beta3 integrins, and it modulates the ligand-binding function of these integrins. In this study, we showed that co-expressing uPAR with alphaMbeta2 in 293 transfectants down-regulated the ligand-binding capacity of alphaMbeta2 to denatured protein, fibrinogen, and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). Migration of transfectants on fibrinogen mediated by alphaMbeta2 was reduced in the presence of uPAR. In addition, the constitutive ligand-binding property of an alphaMbeta2 mutant was attenuated by its association with uPAR. Co-immunoprecipitation analyses using a panel of alphaMbeta2-specific mAbs suggest shielding of the ligand-recognition site of alphaMbeta2 by uPAR.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications