[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Obermair A, Geramou M, Gücer F, Denison U, Graf AH, Kapshammer E, Medl M, Rosen A, Wierrani F, Neunteufel W, Frech I, Speiser P, Kainz C, Breitenecker G, Austrian Gynecologic Oncology Group. Endometrial cancer: accuracy of the finding of a well differentiated tumor at dilatation and curretage compared to the findings at subsequent hysterectomy.The objective of this study was to examine the accuracy of the finding of a histologically well differentiated endometrial carcinoma at dilatation and curettage (D & C) prior to hysterectomy. A retrospective multicentric chart review of 137 endometrial cancer patients was conducted, including all patients in whom a well differentiated endometrial carcinoma had been diagnosed by D & C. Histopathologic grading as determined by D & C was compared with the grading established at the final histologic examination after hysterectomy. Seventy-eight percent of all cases in which a well differentiated tumor was diagnosed with D & C were confirmed as well differentiated endometrial carcinomas, whereas 20.4% had to be upgraded as moderately differentiated tumors after evaluation of the hysterectomy specimen. In one case in which a uterine adenocarcinoma was diagnosed by D & C, a well differentiated adenocarcinoma was found to be combined with a carcinosarcoma in the hysterectomy specimen. In order to avoid false findings of a well differentiated tumor, the histologic grade should be confirmed by intraoperative frozen section examination. This is especially important in cases in which surgical staging was not planned initially.
No preview · Article · Dec 2001 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prognostic significance of positive peritoneal cytology in endometrial carcinoma has led to the incorporation of peritoneal cytology into the current FIGO staging system. While cytology was shown to be prognostically relevant in patients with stage II and III disease, conflicting data exists about its significance in patients who would have been stage I but were classified as stage III solely and exclusively on the basis of positive peritoneal cytology (clinical stage I). Analysis was based on the data of 369 consecutive patients with clinical stage I endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Standard treatment consisted of an abdominal total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with or without pelvic lymph node dissection. Peritoneal cytology was obtained at laparotomy by peritoneal washing of the pouch of Douglas and was considered positive if malignant cells could be detected regardless of the number of malignant cells present. Disease-free survival (DFS) was considered the primary statistical endpoint. In 13/369 (3.5%) patients, positive peritoneal cytology was found. The median follow-up was 29 months and 15 recurrences occurred. Peritoneal cytology was independent of the depth of myometrial invasion and the grade of tumour differentiation. Patients with negative washings had a DFS of 96% at 36 months compared with 67% for patients with positive washings (log-rank P<0.001). The presence of positive peritoneal cytology in patients with clinically stage I endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium is considered an adverse prognostic factor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Obermair A, Geramou M, Gücer F, Denison U, Graf AH, Kapshammer E, Medl M, Rosen A, Wierrani F, Neunteufel W, Frech I, Preyer O, Speiser P, Kainz C. Impact of hysteroscopy on disease-free survival in clinically stage I endometrial cancer patients.Recent data strongly suggest tumor cell dissemination of endometrial carcinoma cells in the course of fluid hysteroscopy. In patients who had endometrial cancer which was (except for peritoneal cytology) confined to the uterus, the disease-free survival (DFS) of 135 patients who underwent hysteroscopy prior to staging laparotomy was compared with the DFS of 127 patients without hysteroscopy. After a median follow-up of 23 months, 10 patients experienced tumor recurrence. Although there was a trend towards a higher incidence of positive peritoneal cytology at laparotomy in patients who underwent hysteroscopy, this difference did not achieve statistical significance (P = 0.47). For 5 years, the DFS was 92.4% in patients with hysteroscopy and 84.7% in patients without hysteroscopy before laparotomy (log-rank, P = 0.782). Our data therefore suggest a similar short-term DFS in endometrial cancer patients with and without hysteroscopy prior to laparotomy.
No preview · Article · Jul 2000 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In several case reports, distension and irrigation of the uterine cavity during fluid hysteroscopy was suspected to cause tumor cell dissemination into the abdominal cavity in patients with endometrial carcinoma. It was the aim of this study to compare the incidence of positive peritoneal cytology in patients who underwent dilatation and curettage (D & C) with or without previous hysteroscopy.
The authors conducted a multicentric, retrospective cohort analysis. One hundred thirteen consecutive patients with endometrial carcinoma treated between 1996 and 1997 were included. Endometrial carcinoma had to be limited to the inner half or less than the inner half of the myometrium (pathologic Stage IA,B). Positive peritoneal cytology was obtained during staging laparotomy. Patients underwent D & C either with or without prior diagnostic fluid hysteroscopy. No selection or randomization was applied to the two groups. Positive peritoneal cytology, defined as malignant or suspicious, was considered the primary statistical endpoint.
Peritoneal cytology was suspicious or positive in 10 of 113 patients (9%). The presence of suspicious or positive peritoneal cytology was associated with a history of hysteroscopy (P = 0.04) but not with myometrial invasion (P = 0.57), histologic subtype (P = 1.00) or grade (r = 0.16, P = 0.10), or the time between D & C and staging laparotomy (r = 0.04, P = 0.66).
Based on the limited extent of endometrial carcinoma in the current analysis, our data strongly suggest dissemination of endometrial carcinoma cells after fluid hysteroscopy. Determining whether a positive peritoneal cytology affects the prognoses of patients without further evidence of extrauterine disease will require longer follow-up.