[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The coexistence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin disease (HD) in the same patient, although previously reported, is very unusual. This situation is extremely rare when the first diagnosis is a cutaneous B NHL, and exceptional if there is no personal background of cytostatic treatment. We report a 44-year-old man who developed cutaneous nodules over a period of two years. A marginal zone cutaneous B-cell lymphoma was diagnosed. On staging investigation a mass in the lingual tonsil was found and excision biopsy showed a classical Hodgkin lymphoma.
No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
The frequency and clinicopathologic characteristics of cutaneous lesions in sepsis are not well known. This study aimed to analyze cutaneous lesions in bacterial septic vasculopathy.
The study population comprised 32 patients with bacterial sepsis, cutaneous lesions, and skin biopsy-proven septic vasculopathy. The clinical and histologic characteristics of the lesions were analyzed. Findings in non-immunosuppressed patients (NISPs) and immunosuppressed patients (ISPs) were compared.
Nine of 32 patients were immunosuppressed. The foci of sepsis were variable; in 17 patients, the focus was not identified. Although Neisseria meningitidis was the most common causal agent, several microorganisms were identified. Cutaneous manifestations were an early event in 90.6% of patients. The most common skin signs were purpuric lesions and petechiae. Overall mortality was 28.1%; 65.5% of patients survived without sequelae. Skin biopsies showed thrombi in 100% of cases. Other common findings were inflammatory infiltrate, blood extravasation, and epidermal involvement. Bacteria within the vascular wall were seen in 21.9% of cases and fibrinoid necrosis in 25%. A comparison of ISPs with NISPs disclosed that meningococcemia was more common in the latter group, and the presence of pustules was more common in the former. Histopathology testing revealed that fibrinoid necrosis and bacterial invasion of the vessel wall were more common in ISPs than in NISPs. Conclusions Several microorganisms can cause septic vasculopathy. Clinical presentation is variable and does not depend on the microorganism or the pathogenic mechanism. Histopathologically, septic vasculopathy is a thrombo-occlusive vasculopathy with variable morphology. Cutaneous lesions are an early event and allow for rapid diagnosis.
No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · International journal of dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The coexistence of skin-limited Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is an exceptional finding. The association of lymphomas and histiocytosis is also infrequent. We report the case of a 68-year-old man which presented an exceptional association of cutaneous LCH and RDD and splenic marginal zone lymphoma. He was stable for few years. Suddenly, the patient was admitted into Hematology Department with a remarkable enlargement of spleen and liver without enlargement of lymphadenopathies or skin lesions flare. He died 24 h later despite treatment with systemic chemotherapy combined with prednisone. Pre-mortem biopsy showed infiltration with histiocytic sarcoma. We think that a transdifferentiation phenomenon could explain our case, although we could not show a clonal relationship between the cutaneous and the liver diseases. We also want to pay attention to the fact that a fast transformation to a more aggressive disease can occur long time after the presentation of the first lesion, a problem that stresses the importance of performing a close and permanent follow-up of these patients.
No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The most severe form of cutaneous acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), stage IV, is characterized by the appearance of vesicles and blisters.
To describe the clinicopathological characteristics and evolution of stage IV cutaneous aGVHD presented in our hospital.
Retrospective study. The following criteria for inclusion were applied: (i) patients subjected to allogeneic stem cell transplantation between 1st January 1984 and 31st of December 2006; (ii) development of vesicles and/or blisters; (iii) extracutaneous coincidental aGVHD manifestations; and (iv) presence of histopathological features consistent with aGVHD.
Fifteen cases (10 females and 5 males) were studied. The mean age was 38.1 years. The lesions appeared after a median interval of 19 days, always following a milder stage of GVHD. Two patterns of clinical evolution were found. Mucosal involvement was observed in nine patients. Nikolsky's sign was positive in eight patients. Nine of the patients had biopsies of the vesiculobullous stage which showed a subepidermal blister with epidermal necrosis and basal vacuolar degeneration. Only two patients survived.
Stage IV cutaneous aGVHD is a severe and unusual complication after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Prognosis is poor with a very high mortality rate, although the cause of death is varied and not strictly linked to the cutaneous disease.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pyodermitis constitutes a very important chapter in dermatological practice. Its pathogenesis, in special the one caused by S. aureus, has improved due to the knowledge of the role developed by the host defensins, quorum-sensing signaling and the Panton-Valentine leucocidin gene among others. As well, exfoliative toxins and enterotoxins responsible for the staphylococal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) and toxic shock syndrome, respectively, have been cloned. Also, it has been seen that bullous impetigo, SSSS and pemphigus foliaceus share a common target: desmoglein-1. The Panton-Valentine leucocidin gene has been related to the appearance of abscesses, necrotic cutaneous lesions and furuncles in young persons caused by meticillin resistant S. aureus, with its epidemiological implications. Finally, some atypical forms of erysipelas suppose a diagnostic challenge for the dermatologist.
No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pyodermitis constitutes a very important chapter in dermatological practice. Its pathogenesis, in special the one caused by S. aureus, has improved due to the knowledge of the role developed by the host defensins, quorum-sensing signaling and the Panton-Valentine leucocidin gene among others. As well, exfoliative toxins and enterotoxins responsible for the staphylococal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) and toxic shock syndrome, respectively, have been cloned. Also, it has been seen that bullous impetigo, SSSS and pemphigus foliaceus share a common target: desmoglein-1. The Panton-Valentine leucocidin gene has been related to the appearance of abscesses, necrotic cutaneous lesions and furuncles in young persons caused by meticillin resistant S. aureus, with its epidemiological implications. Finally, some atypical forms of erysipela suppose a diagnostic challenge for the dermatologist.
No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a patient with multiple myeloma associated with primary systemic amyloidosis who had a rapid evolution and a very unusual form of presentation. The association of amyloidosis in patients with multiple myeloma is 15%, and clinically evident mucocutaneous involvement occurs in up to 40% of patients.
No preview · Article · Jun 2007 · International Journal of Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is a systemic disorder, characterized by a typical clinical triad: purpura, weakness, and arthralgias, with visceral complications such as liver and renal involvement. The objective was to study the association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and essential mixed cryoglobulinemia (EMC).Patients and Methods. Markers of HCV infection in 11 patients with cryoglobulinemia were examined and hepatitis C virus (HCV) was detected in eight of them. These patients were included in a clinical and histologic study. Anti-HCV antibodies were determined by a second-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA-2) in sera and cryoprecipitates. Studies on HCV-RNA were performed by a two-stage polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the serum. A control group, consisting of 28 patients with other cutaneous disorders, was studied for HCV infection using ELISA-2 and PCR.Results. All patients had liver dysfunction, arthralgias, and purpura. Three patients had involvement of the peripheral nervous system, two had renal involvement, and one patient had Sjögren's syndrome. Cryocrits ranged from 3% to 20%. Six patients had type III cryoglobulinemia and the remaining two had type II. Markers for hepatitis B virus (HBV) were negative in all serum samples. Anti-HCV antibodies and HCV-RNA were positive in the serum of all the cases with MC. Anti-HCV antibodies were positive in all cases except for one of the cryoprecipitates tested. Four patients received recombinant interferon alfa. In two of them, serum aminotransferases became normal and cryoglobulins disappeared.Conclusions. The results strongly suggest that HCV infection is responsible for the cryoglobulinemia and vasculitis in patients with MC and that treatment with interferon alfa is presently the treatment of choice for such patients.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · International journal of dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Late reactions to iodinated contrast media are frequent. Cutaneous manifestations are the commonest, in which maculopapular exanthema, a type of cutaneous presentation, is widespread. Controversy exists about the utility of the skin test in the management of these reactions. The aim of this study is to analyse the clinical characteristics, the histopathological findings, and the results of the patch test in patients who developed a late skin reaction (LSR) to the nonionic, dimeric, iodinated contrast media Visipaque. We retrospectively reviewed the patients with LSR to Visipaque, seen in the Dermatology Department between 1999 and 2005. A total of 12 patients participated in this study (7 men and 5 women), ages ranging from 39 to 76 years (mean 56). 11 of the patients had significant medical history. All the patients developed a maculopapular exanthema between 2 hr and 3 days after the radiological examination, involving the trunk and proximal limbs, although some of the patients showed involvement of distal areas. The skin biopsy, performed in 6 patients, showed nonspecific findings consistent with drug reaction. In 3 patients, patch tests to Visipaque and iodixanol were positive. The most frequent manifestation of LSR to iodixanol is a maculopapular exanthema, involving the trunk and the limbs, although distal involvement can be seen. Histopathological findings are nonspecific and cannot be distinguished from other drug reaction. Patch tests have a limited value, and in cases where they were negative, reintroduction of the drug triggered a new LSR.
No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Contact Dermatitis