[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In our previous study, the vaginal opening (VO) day of C57BL/6 mice was accelerated several days by chronic exposure to a 0.05% isoflavone (IF) fortified diet. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the acceleration of VO by IF (1) has a critical window, (2) is modified by IF exposure combined with 17beta-estradiol (E2), and (3) has any relation with gene expressions of estrogen-related receptors (ERRs). As a result, we determined that the critical window for the acceleration of VO was between 15 and 21 days postnatal. The combined effect of E2 and IF was thought to be additional in the acceleration of VO. The gene expression of ERRgamma was significantly decreased in vagina by IF. The reduction of ERRgamma may have two possible sequelae: disarrangement of vaginal development and high risk of vaginal cancer. In conclusion, IF exposure has a critical window for acceleration of VO and may have adverse effect on mouse vagina.
No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Reproductive Toxicology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Isoflavone (IF), a type of phytoestrogen, has multiple beneficial effects, but too much phytoestrogen can have adverse effects on offspring. To examine whether chronic exposure to high IF has adverse effects on reproductive development, mice offspring were exposed to IF through dietary administration to dams during pregnancy and lactation and to the offspring directly after weaning until sacrifice. In male offspring, there was no difference between the IF group and controls; however, in female offspring in the IF group, remarkably earlier puberty and induction of multioocyte follicles on postnatal day (PND) 21 were observed. Gene expression levels of estrogen receptor beta decreased in the ovary and vagina on PND 21. These results suggest that chronic exposure to higher than normal levels of IF induces alterations in the reproductive development of female mice through an estrogenic effect.
No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry