[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel species is proposed for two strains of methanotrophic bacteria (H2(T) and Sakb1) isolated from an acidic (pH 4.3) Sphagnum peat bog lake (Teufelssee, Germany) and an acidic (pH 4.2) tropical forest soil (Thailand), respectively. Cells of strains H2(T) and Sakb1 were aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile, straight or curved rods that were covered by large polysaccharide capsules and contained an intracytoplasmic membrane system typical of type II methanotrophs. They possessed both a particulate and a soluble methane monooxygenase and utilized the serine pathway for carbon assimilation. They were moderately acidophilic organisms capable of growth between pH 4.4 and 7.5 (optimum 5.8-6.2). The most unique characteristic of these strains was the phospholipid fatty acid profile. In addition to the signature fatty acid of type II methanotrophs (18 : 1omega8c), the cells also contained large amounts of what was previously considered to be a signature fatty acid of type I methanotrophs, 16 : 1omega8c. The DNA G+C contents of strains H2(T) and Sakb1 were 61.5 and 62.1 mol%, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequences possessed 96-98 % similarity to sequences of other type II methanotrophs in the genera Methylosinus and Methylocystis. 16S rRNA gene sequence and pmoA phylogeny demonstrated that the strains form a novel lineage within the genus Methylocystis. DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain H2(T) with Methylocystis parvus OBBP(T) and Methylocystis echinoides IMET 10491(T) were 18 and 25 %, respectively. Thus, it is proposed that these two strains represent a novel species, Methylocystis heyeri sp. nov. Strain H2(T) (=DSM 16984(T)=VKM B-2426(T)) is the type strain.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2007 · International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Representatives of the genus Beijerinckia are known as heterotrophic, dinitrogen-fixing bacteria which utilize a wide range of multicarbon compounds. Here we show
that at least one of the currently known species of this genus, i.e., Beijerinckia mobilis, is also capable of methylotrophic metabolism coupled with the ribulose bisphosphate (RuBP) pathway of C1 assimilation. A complete suite of dehydrogenases commonly involved in the sequential oxidation of methanol via formaldehyde
and formate to CO2 was detected in cell extracts of B. mobilis grown on CH3OH. Carbon dioxide produced by oxidation of methanol was further assimilated via the RuBP pathway as evidenced by reasonably
high activities of phosphoribulokinase and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO). Detection and partial
sequence analysis of genes encoding the large subunits of methanol dehydrogenase (mxaF) and form I RubisCO (cbbL) provided genotypic evidence for methylotrophic autotrophy in B. mobilis.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2005 · Journal of Bacteriology