Krishna Prasad Devkota

Tribhuvan University, Kantipura, Central Region, Nepal

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Publications (50)86.77 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tetra-acetylajugasterone C (TAAC) was found to be one of the naturally occurring compounds of the Cameroonian medicinal plant Vitex cienkowskii which is responsible for a vasorelaxant activity of an extract of this plant. The evaluation of the underlying mechanisms for the relaxing effect of TAAC was determined using aortic rings of rats and mice. TAAC produced a concentration-dependent relaxation in rat artery rings pre-contracted with 1μM noradrenaline (IC50: 8.40μM) or 60mM KCl (IC50: 36.30μM). The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor l-NAME (100μM) and the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor ODQ (10μM) significantly attenuated the vasodilatory effect of TAAC. TAAC also exerted a relaxing effect in aorta of wild-type mice (cGKI(+/+); IC50=13.04μM) but a weaker effect in aorta of mice lacking cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (cGKI(-/-); IC50=36.12μM). The involvement of calcium channels was studied in rings pre-incubated in calcium-free buffer and primed with 1μM noradrenaline prior to addition of calcium to elicit contraction. TAAC (100μM) completely inhibited the resulting calcium-induced vasoconstriction. The same concentration of TAAC showed a stronger effect on the tonic than on the phasic component of noradrenaline-induced contraction. This study shows that TAAC, a newly detected constituent of Vitex cienkowskii contributes to the relaxing effect of an extract of the plant. The effect is partially mediated by the involvement of the NO/cGMP pathway of the smooth muscle but additionally inhibition of calcium influx into the cell may play a role.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Alkaloids are a class of secondary metabolites with a relatively frequent occurrence in nature. Around 392 alkaloids have been isolated in several African plants, with isoquinoline alkaloids (19%) being the most abundant. They are very diverse chemicals and biomolecules, derived from l-amino acids or from the transamination process. Alkaloids have quite different biosynthetic pathways and different bioimpacts, derived from l-tryptophan, l-tyrosine, l-phenylalanine, l-lysine, l-arginine, l-histidine, l-anthranilic acid, and l-ornithine precursors, either alone or in combination with a steroidal, secoiridoid (e.g., secologanin), or other terpenoid-type moiety. Several alkaloid compounds exhibit various potentially useful activities such as enzyme inhibitory effects and anticancer, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activity. This chapter aims to summarize as well as possible the alkaloids identified in African medicinal plants as well as their pharmacological potentials.
    No preview · Chapter · Jul 2013
  • Jean Duplex Wansi · Krishna Prasad Devkota · Emmanuel Tshikalange · Victor Kuete

    No preview · Chapter · Jul 2013
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2013
  • Krishna Prasad Devkota · Norbert Sewald
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    ABSTRACT: Terpenoid alkaloids are a class of pseudoalkaloids, in which a nitrogen atom is inserted in the skeleton on a late biosynthetic stage. This class of compounds, sharing structural diversity, interesting chemistry, and promising pharmacological properties, has for a long time stimulated the interest of the scientific community and is covered in this chapter. The occurrence, phytochemistry with classification, and biological activities of monoterpenoid alkaloids reported between 2000 and Feb. 2012 and that of diterpenoid alkaloids reported between 2009 and Feb. 2012 are presented together with the biosynthetic approaches.
    No preview · Chapter · Jan 2013
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    ABSTRACT: The methanol extract of dried fruits of Odyendyea gabonensis afforded one new quassinoid [(-)-odyendanol (1)], one new canthin-6-one alkaloid [9-hydroxy-5-methoxycanthin-6-one (4)], and two new steroids [22E, 24R-stigmasta-5,22-diene-3,7-dione (7) and 22E,24R-stigmast-22-ene-3,7-dione (8)] along with fourteen known compounds. The structures of all compounds were established by analyzing the spectroscopic data. The 13C-NMR values of (-)-odyendene (2) and (-)-odyendane (3), as well as the single-crystal X-ray structure of 5-methoxycanthin-6-one (6) are also reported.The oxidative burst inhibitory activity of pure compounds 1-12 was determined by the chemoluminescence assay, and cytotoxic activities of compounds 2-6 against the human prostate cancer cell PC-3 line were evaluated. Compounds 1-6 exhibited a clear suppressive effect on the phagocytosis response upon activation with serum-opsonized zymosan in the range of IC50 = 0.9-2.0 µM versus ibuprofen with IC50 = 12.1 µM, while all canthin-6-one alkaloids (4-6) displayed moderate cytotoxic activity against the human prostate cancer cell PC-3 line, with IC50 values ranging from 13.5-15.4 µM versus doxorubicine with IC50 = 1.5 µM.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: One new xanthone, caroxanthone (1) together with six known xanthones, 4-prenyl-2-(3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)-1,3,5,8-tetrahydroxyxanthone (2), smeathxanthone A (3), gartanin (4), euxanthone (5), 8-hydroxycudraxanthone G (6) and morusignin I (7) were isolated from the stem bark of Garcinia nobilis. The structures were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques. All these compounds were tested for anti-glycation, α-glucosidase and α-chymotrypsin activities. Some of them exhibited strong to moderate α-glucosidase activities, while none of them inhibited α-chymotrypsin. Compounds 6 and 7 were found to be modest α-glucosidase inhibitors with IC50 values of 76 μM and 84 μM, respectively.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Phytochemistry Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Three new β-indoloquinazoline alkaloids, orirenierine A (1), B (2) and C (4), together with eleven known compounds were isolated from the methanol extract of the stems of Oricia renieri. The structures of all compounds were determined by comprehensive analyses of their spectroscopic data and comparison with literature information. The alkaloids 9-11 were isolated for the first time from this genus. All compounds were tested for their activity against bacteria, fungi, and plant pathogen oomycetes using the paper disk agar diffusion assay. The agar diffusion test gave only low antimicrobial activities, corresponding to MICs > 1 mg/mL. However, compounds 1-4 and 11 exhibited a strong suppressive effect on phagocytosis response upon activation with serum opsonized zymosan in the range of IC(50) = 2.6-6.5 µM, while low cytotoxic activity against the human Caucasian prostate adenocarcinoma cell line PC-3 was observed with IC(50) values ranging from 22.9 to 39.4 µM.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: Plants used in traditional medicine in Tanzania were screened for their cytotoxicity using the brine shrimp and CellTiter-BlueTM cell viability assays. Dichloromethane extracts of Capparis erythrocarpos, Cussonia arborea, Dracaena steudneri, Lannea schimperi, Pseudospondias microcarpa, Rauvolfia vomitoria, Sapium ellipticum and Zehneria scabra exhibited various cytotoxic activities against brine shrimp larvae. Only semi-purified fractions of C. erythrocarpos, C. arborea, D. steudneri, Lannea schimperi and S. ellipticum and one pure compound Lup-20(29)-en-3-one (1) from S.ellipticum were tested against K562 Leukaemia cell line using the CellTiter-BlueTM cell viability assay method. In the brine shrimp lethality assay, P. microcarpa was the most toxic plant with an LC50 value of 1.9 μg/ml (95%CI, 1.6-2.2 μg/ml) , while Z. scabra was the least toxic plant with LC50 value of 179.4 μg/ml (95%CI, 156.1-213.9 μg/ml). In the CellTiter-BlueTM cell viability assay, the mean % cell vitality growth for the fractions of each of the five plant species C. arborea, C. erythrocarpos, D. steudneri, L. schimperi and S. ellipticum were 43.1%, 67.2%, 82.1%, 52.3% and 87.6% respectively, with P<0.0001 and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of 54.746-81.082 μg/ml. The IC50 concentration for compound Lup-20(29)-en-3-one (1) was 1.747x10-6 μM with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of 3.019x10-7 to 1.011x10-4 μM. Results indicate that most of the extracts tested were relatively non-toxic hence supporting the inherent use of these plants in traditional medicine.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011
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    ABSTRACT: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the fruit pericarp of Pentadesma butyracea, using the antiplasmodial test, led to the isolation of a new xanthone, named pentadexanthone (1), together with six known compounds: cratoxylone (2), α-mangostin (3), 1,3,5-trihydroxy-2-methoxyxanthone (4), garcinone E (5), (-)-epicathechin (6), and lupeol (7). The structure of 1 was elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis. An antiplasmodial assay was performed with the isolates, in which compounds 1- 3 and 5 exhibited potent activity in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine-resistant strain W2, with IC₅₀ values below 3 µM.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: Vitex cienkowskii Kotschy & Peyritsch is a deciduous tree, prescribed by Cameroonian traditional healers as one of the most popular plant widely used in many disorders including cardiovascular diseases. The preliminary pharmacological studies carried out on Vitex cienkowskii showed its vasorelaxant activities on guinea-pig aortic rings. The present work evaluated the vasorelaxant activity of extract and isolated compounds from Vitex cienkowskii. Rat aortic rings were used to evaluate the in vitro vascular effect of the extract. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring the reduction of the free radical 1,1-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH). Vitex cienkowskii induced significant relaxation in a concentration- and endothelium-dependent manner (EC(50)=12.12 μg/ml, CH(2)Cl(2)-MeOH, 1:1) and did not produce a vasorelaxant effect on contraction evoked by KCl (60 mM). In order to determine its mode of action, Vitex cienkowskii-induced relaxant effect was evaluated in the presence of indomethacin (10 μM), L-NAME (100 μM), ODQ (1 μM) and SQ22356 (100 μM). Relaxation was significantly blocked by L-NAME and ODQ. These results indicate that Vitex cienkowskii-mediated relaxation is endothelium dependent, probably due to NO release, and the consequent activation of vascular smooth muscle soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), a signal transduction enzyme that forms the second messenger cGMP. Bio-guided study of Vitex cienkowskii allowed the isolation of the known pentacyclic triterpenoids and a ceramide. It is the first report of salvin A, maslinic acid and a ceramide from Vitex cienkowskii. The activity induced by these compounds indicated that they may be partly responsible for the vasorelaxant effect of the plant extract. A dose of 40 mg/kg of CH(2)Cl(2)-MeOH (1:1) extract administered intravenously induced a decrease of mean arterial pressure but did not affect the heart rate. Moreover the plant extracts were found to be highly active in the DPPH radical scavenging assay. Vitex cienkowskii extract possesses antioxidant property, vasorelaxing, and hypotensive effect linked to the endothelium related factors, where nitric oxide is involved.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Journal of ethnopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanol extract of the stem bark of Klainedoxa gabonensis Pierre ex Engl. (Irvingiaceae) afforded 12 compounds, namely, ellagic acid (1), ellagic acid 3,3'-dimethylether (2), gallic acid (3), methyl gallate (4), lupeol (5), β-amyrin (7), erythrodiol (8), oleanolic acid (9), betulinic acid (6), hederagenin (10), bayogenin acid (11), and stigmasterol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (12). Compounds 1-3 and 7-12 were isolated for the first time from this genus. The structures were established on the basis of 1D/2D NMR experiments and mass spectrometric data. Crude extract, fractions (A, B, C and D) and pure compounds were tested for their antimicrobial activity using paper disk agar diffusion assay. The test delivered a range of low to high activities for phenolic compounds 1-4, low or missing activities for terpenoid compounds 5-11, and impressive very high antibacterial/antifungal values for two fractions C and D probably due to synergistic effects of compounds. The broth microdilution assay revealed MICs of 15.4-115.1 μg/mL for phenolic compounds, MICs higher than 1 mg/mL for terpenoids and MICs of 4.5-30.3 μg/mL for fractions C and D. The determination of the radical scavenging activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay gave high antioxidant values for the methanol extract and fraction D (IC(50) 10.45 and 5.50 μg/mL) as well as for the phenolic compounds 1-4 (IC(50) 45.50-48.25 mM) compared to the standard 3-t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA) (IC(50) 44.20 mM).
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2010 · Pharmaceutical Biology
  • Krishna Prasad Devkota · Bruno Ndjakou Lenta · Jean Duplex Wansi · Norbert Sewald
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    ABSTRACT: Four new long-chain compounds, leucoperoxyterpene (1), leucoester (2), leucoic acid (3), and leucoenoic acid (4) has been isolated from aerial parts of the medicinal plant Leucosceptrum canum together with fifteen known compounds. Compound 1 was found to be a member of the rare class of peroxy open chain natural products. The structures of all compounds were assigned by means of modern spectroscopic techniques. All compounds were tested for their antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Micrococcus luteus, Pseudomonas agarici, Streptococcus minor, and Streptococcus ferus, in which, compounds 1, and 10–15 exhibited potent to moderate activities.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Phytochemistry Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Four new 5 alpha-pregnane-type steroidal alkaloids, hookerianamides L(1), M(2), N(3), and O(4), and a known N-formylchonemorphine (5) have been isolated by acid-base extraction of the dichloromethane extract of Sarcococca hookeriana. The structures of all compounds were determined with spectroscopic techniques and by comparison with literature data. All compounds displayed antileishmanial and antibacterial properties. Compounds 1, 4, and 5 were found to be more potent than standard pentamidine (IC (50) = 9.59 microg/mL) with respect to leishmanicidal activity. The minimum inhibitory concentration of most of the compounds against Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus minor, and Streptococcus ferus was lower than that of the standard ampicillin.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: Phytochemical investigation of the stem bark of Beilschmiedia zenkeri led to the isolation of four new methoxylated flavonoid derivatives, (2S,4R)-5,6,7-trimethoxyflavan-4-ol (1), (2S,4R)-4,5,6,7-tetramethoxyflavan (2), beilschmieflavonoid A (3), and beilschmieflavonoid B (4), together with seven known compounds. The structures of 1-4 were established by spectroscopic methods, and their relative configurations confirmed by X-ray crystallographic and CD analysis. The isolated compounds were evaluated in vitro for their antibacterial activity against three strains of bacteria, Pseudomonas agarici, Bacillus subtilis, and Streptococcus minor, and for their antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum, chloroquine-resistant strain W2.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Journal of Natural Products
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    ABSTRACT: Two new phenylethanoids, basalethanoid A (1) and B (2), and one new ceramide, basalamide A (3), together with eleven known compounds (4 - 14) were isolated from theMeOH extract of the stem barks of Basalmocitrus cameroonensis. The structures of all compounds were determined by comprehensive analyses of their 1D and 2D NMR, mass spectral (EI and ESI) data, chemical reactions, and comparison with previously known analogs. Compounds 1, 2, 5, and 7 - 10 demonstrated a strong inhibition on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the oxidative burst activity of whole blood on activation with serum opsonized zymosan in the range of IC
    Preview · Article · Aug 2009 · ChemInform
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    ABSTRACT: Fungal infections represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality especially in immunocompromised patients in the world today. Dichloromethane (DM) and aqueous (W) extracts of nine plants used traditionally for the treatment of fungal infections in Bukoba rural district in Tanzania were screened for antifungal activity against Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Aspergillus niger using agar well and disk diffusion methods. Dichloromethane extracts of Capparis erythrocarpos [CE] Isert (Capparaceae), Cussonia arborea [CA] Hochst. Ex A. Rich (Araliaceae), Dracaena steudneri [DS] Engl. (Dracaenaceae), Lannea schimperi [LS] (A. Rich) Engl. (Anacardiaceae), Rauvolfia vomitoria [RV] Afz (Apocynaceae), and Sapium ellipticum [SE] (Krauss) Pax (Euphorbiaceae) showed activity against all three fungi. Extracts of Rumex usambarensis [RU] (Dammer) Dammer (Polygonaceae) and Zehneria scabra [ZS] (L.f.) Sond. (Cucurbitaceae) had an activity limited to only one or two of the test organisms. Rhoicissus tridentata [RT] (L.f.) Wild & Drum (Vitaceae) was the only plant without activity. Fractions of the active extracts CE, CA, DS, LS, and SE exhibited higher antifungal activity against one or more of the three fungi. Four compounds isolated from S. ellipticum also exhibited antifungal activity against one or more of the three fungi. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum fungicidal concentrations (MFCs), determined using the microplate assay method, ranged between 0.4 and 50.0 μg/mL for crude extracts, 1.6 and 50.0 μg/mL for semi-purified fractions, and 0.12 and 1.0 μg/mL for pure compounds, as compared to 0.016–1.5 μg/mL for fluconazole. We confirm the potential of traditionally used plants as a source of new drugs for treatment of fungal infections.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Pharmaceutical Biology
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    Javid Hussain · Nargis Jamila · Farman Ullah Khan · Krishna Prasad Devkota · M Raza Shah · Saeed Anwar
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    ABSTRACT: One new tricyclic clerodane type diterpene aldehyde nepetanal (1) and one new benzene derivative nepetanoate (2) have been isolated from a plant Nepeta juncea together with two known compounds oleanolic acid (3) and ursolic acid (4). The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by means of modern spectroscopic techniques and comparison with literature data.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Three endiandric acid derivatives, beilschmiedic acids A, B and C were isolated from the stem bark of Beilschmiedia anacardioides together with the known beta-sitosterol. Their structures were established by means of modern spectroscopic techniques. The relative configuration of compound 1 was determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. The antibacterial activities of compounds A,B,C were evaluated in vitro against five strains of microbes. Compound C showed strong activity against Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus and Streptococcus faecalis (MICs below 23 microM). This Compound was more active than the reference antibiotic ampicillin against B. subtilis and M. luteus.
    No preview · Article · May 2009 · Phytochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Five new amide alkaloids, N-(4-hydroxyphenethyl)octacosanamide (1), N-(4-hydroxyphenethyl)hexacosanamide (2), N-(4-hydroxyphenethyl)decanamide (3), N-vanilloyltyramine (4), and N-[O-docosanoylvanilloyl]tyramine (5), were isolated from Fagara macrophylla, together with 15 known compounds. Their structures were established by using spectroscopic techniques, chemical reactions, and comparison with previously known analogues. A cytotoxicity assay was performed with the isolates, in which compounds 4, 8, and 9 were found to possess moderate to weak activity, with IC(50) values of 30.5, 11.5, and 13.5 microg/mL, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Planta Medica

Publication Stats

485 Citations
86.77 Total Impact Points


  • 2005-2014
    • Tribhuvan University
      • Institute of Forestry
      Kantipura, Central Region, Nepal
  • 2013
    • Leidos Biomedical Research
      Фредерик, Maryland, United States
  • 2007-2010
    • Bielefeld University
      • Organic Chemistry
      Bielefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2006
    • University of Yaoundé II
      Jaúnde, Centre Region, Cameroon
  • 2003-2006
    • University of Karachi
      • HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry
      Kurrachee, Sindh, Pakistan