Kazuya Tsuboi

Tokai Central Hospital, Tokitsu-chō, Gifu, Japan

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Publications (16)59.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of lasting fever and cough with pulmonary infiltrates progressing 4 months after adjuvant radiotherapy following surgery for breast cancer. Chest radiography and computed tomography demonstrated alveolar opacities outside the irradiated pulmonary area. Laboratory data revealed neutrophilia and increased levels of C-reactive protein. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid displayed increased lymphocyte counts, and transbronchial lung biopsy revealed histological patterns compatible with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP). Corticosteroid therapy resulted in marked clinical improvement. From the histological and clinical findings, this case was judged to be a case of COP induced after radiotherapy for breast cancer, similar to those reported recently.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Breast Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: One Japanese pedigree of familial essential thrombocythemia (FET) inherited in an autosomal-dominant manner is presented. A unique point mutation, serine 505 to asparagine 505 (Ser505Asn), was identified in the transmembrane domain of the c-MPL gene in all of the 8 members with thrombocythemia, but in none of the other 8 unaffected members in this FET family. The Ba/F3 cells expressing the mutant Asn505 acquired interleukin 3 (IL-3)-independent survival capacity, whereas those expressing wild-type Ser505 did not. The autonomous phosphorylation of Mek1/2 and Stat5b was observed in the mutant Ba/F3 cells in the absence of IL-3. The former was also found in platelets derived from the affected individual in the absence of thrombopoietin. These results show that the Asn505 is an activating mutation with respect to the intracellular signaling and survival of the cells. This is the first report of FET deriving from a dominant-positive activating mutation of the c-MPL gene.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2004 · Blood
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    ABSTRACT: Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome and therapy-related acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) are now recognized as hematologic malignancies that occur a few years after chemotherapy for primary malignancy with alkylating agents or topoisomerase II inhibitors. The secondary leukemia is usually AML and sometimes is preceded by a myelodysplastic syndrome. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) as a secondary leukemia is quite rare, and secondary T-cell ALL after AML is even rarer. We report a case of a 56-year-old woman who developed T-cell ALL after a 3-year remission of AML (M2). We thought that this case would be extremely valuable for studying the etiology and biological characteristics of T-cell ALL as a secondary leukemia after AML.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2003 · International Journal of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of chronic myelogeneous leukaemia (CML) in B-lineage lymphoid blastic crisis (BC) having chromosome abnormality, inv(16)(p13;q22) in addition to Philadelphia chromosome, in 20/20 marrow metaphase. Inv(16)(p13;q22) was not observed in cells of chronic phase or accelerate phase. Abnormalities of chromosome 16, including inv(16)(p13;q22), del(16)(q22) and t(16;16)(p13;q22), have been reported mostly in acute myelomonocytic leukaemia (AML), (FAB M4-Eo), and some in CML-BC and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) cases. Most of the cases showed increase of myelomonocytic components and abnormal eosinophils with dysplastic granules in the bone marrow (BM). However, our case was diagnosed as lymphoid BC without increase of myelomonocytic components, although some abnormal eosinophilia was seen. To date, lymphoid BC of CML having inv(16)(p13;q22) abnormality has not been reported. The case presented here could be a clue to understand the pathophysiology of inv(16)(p13;q22) leukaemia.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2002 · Leukemia Research
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    ABSTRACT: A patient with Down syndrome (DS) at the time of diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) had a relapse with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after 4 years of complete remission. Although the diagnosis was AML, the leukemic blasts at relapse showed an immunoglobulin H rearrangement that turned out to be identical to that of the initial ALL blasts. It is thought that the leukemic precursor cells of this patient had the potential to differentiate into both lymphoid and myeloid lineages. This case is important for investigating target cells for leukemogenesis in DS.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2002 · International Journal of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: B-Cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) / small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) consists of heterogeneous diseases that are distinguished by morphological, immunophenotypic and molecular features. MUM1 (multiple myeloma oncogene 1) is a protooncogene that is deregulated as a result of (6;14)(p25;q32) chromosomal translocation in multiple myeloma, and is also expressed in a variety of malignant lymphoma entities. We examined the expression of MUM1 in B-CLL / SLL, and found that 2 of 4 B-CLL-derived cell lines and 14 of 29 patients' specimens expressed MUM1 by immunohistochemical analysis. MUM1 expression was not associated with CD38 expression, somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene variable region (IgV(H)), or any other clinical characteristics of the patients. Interestingly, the patients who were positive for MUM1 showed shorter overall survival times than those who were negative for MUM1 (50% survival: 22 months vs. 82 months) (P = 0.0008, log-rank test). Multivariate analysis by Cox's proportional-hazards regression model showed that MUM1 expression and unmutated IgV(H) status were independent unfavorable prognostic factors in patients with B-CLL / SLL. These findings suggest that MUM1 expression is a useful prognostic factor in B-CLL / SLL. The biological role and mechanism of action of MUM1 in B-CLL / SLL need to be clarified for the development of therapies for patients with the poor prognostic subtype.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2002 · Japanese journal of cancer research: Gann
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    ABSTRACT: Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is characterized by an aggressive clinical course and poor prognosis. The term "NK/T-cell" lymphoma includes both the NK-cell type and the T-cell type, which are classified by immunophenotyping and according to T-cell receptor (TCR) rearrangement. In addition, CD56+ T-cell lymphoma is defined as NK-like T-cell lymphoma. This report concerns a 54-year-old woman with nasal T-cell lymphoma. Its phenotype showed pure T-cell type with CD3+, CD56-, and TCR+ accompanied by Epstein-Barr virus infection. Although the lesions were localized in the nasal mucosa and facial skin (stage IE), local irradiation could not achieve complete remission (CR). We then administered 5 courses of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) regimen followed by high-dose chemotherapy with an autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. This therapy resulted in CR. Our results suggest that this lymphoma subtype may be cured by means of intensive treatment soon after diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2002 · International Journal of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, it has been clarified that interaction between hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells is important in normal hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis. In this study, we examined the relationship between AML cells and endothelial cells by analyzing the expression profile of angiogenic factors, angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), Ang-2, Tie-2 (a receptor for angiopoietins) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Our results demonstrated that CD7(+)AML expressed Ang-2 mRNA frequently and integrin-family adhesion molecules (CD11c and CD18) intensively, suggesting the close correlation with endothelial cells. On the other hand, in t(8;21) AML cells, expression of Ang-2 was infrequent and expression of integrin-family adhesion molecules (CD11b, CD11c and CD18) was weak, suggesting the sparse association with endothelial cells. As for CD7(+)AML cells, despite the frequent and intense expression of endothelial cell-associated molecules (such as Ang-2, CD11c and CD18), intensity of Tie-2 expression was quite low (P < 0.05). Ang-2 expressed in CD7(+)AML cells is not considered to act in an autocrine fashion, but to work on endothelial cells to "feed" leukemic cells. Although Ang-2 is recognized as a natural antagonist for Tie-2, our data presented here suggested the alternative role of Ang-2 in the relationship between endothelial cells and leukemia cells, at least in a subset of leukemia such as CD7(+)AML. These results were supported by the study using AML cell lines, KG-1 (CD7 negative) and its subline KG-1a (CD7 positive); KG-1 had mRNA expression profile of Ang-1(+)Ang-2(-)Tie-2(+), while KG-1a showed Ang-1(+)Ang-2(+)Tie-2(-). These difference in the expression profile of angiogenic factors between CD7(+)AML and t(8;21)AML may explain the characteristic morphological features of these leukemias (CD7(+)AML as blastic type and t(8;21)AML as differentiative type).
    Preview · Article · Feb 2002 · Leukemia
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    ABSTRACT: Gaucher disease is a genetic lipid storage disease and represents a potentially serious health problem. It arises from a deficiency of glucocerebrosidase activity with secondary accumulation of large quantities of glucocerebroside. Symptoms are usually multisystemic, often debilitating or disabling, and sometimes disfiguring, and they can lead to death. We report objective clinical response's to repeated infusion of human placental and recombinant glucocerebrosidase in 2 patients with type 1 Gaucher disease and increased hemoglobin levels and platelet counts. Splenic volume decreased during the period of enzyme administration. Enzyme replacement therapy has improved the treatment of type 1 Gaucher disease by safely and effectively arresting, decreasing, or normalizing many of its major signs and symptoms. Consideration by physicians must be given to Gaucher disease, and appropriate treatments must be given when confronted with cryptogenic pancytopenia or hepatosplenomegaly.
    No preview · Article · May 2001 · International Journal of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: A novel cell line, designated as NCU-MM-1, was established from a 66-year-old female patient with multiple myeloma (MM) that had shown rapid progression from solitary plasmacytoma to plasma cell leukemia. Interestingly, cytogenetic analysis including fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis disclosed that this cell line carried 2 kinds of chromosomal translocations involving immunoglobulin light chain (IgL) gene loci without the presence of 14q32 translocations (14q+). The Ig lambda locus juxtaposed to the c-MYC locus at 8q24 on the derivative (8) chromosome and a concomitant overexpression of the c-Myc protein was observed. On the derivative (11) chromosome, the Ig kappa locus was also fused to the chromosome 11q23 locus, which is known to be a nonrandom translocation breakpoint in mature B-cell malignancies. The NCU-MM-1 cell line may thus be useful not only for the identification of the responsible proto-oncogene(s) mapped to 11q23, deregulated by the Ig kappa enhancer sequences, but also for clarification of the molecular origin of MM lacking 14q+ chromosomes because IgL rearrangements can physiologically begin to occur in the pre-B-cell stage.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2000 · International Journal of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: MUM1/IRF4 is a myeloma-associated oncogene transcriptionally activated as a result of t(6;14)(p25,q32) chromosomal translocation and by virtue of its juxtaposition to the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IgH) locus. When this oncogene becomes non-functional, no activated B/T lymphocytes and Ig secreting plasma cells are observed, suggesting that MUM1/IRF4 is crucial for lymphoid development. Its expression was analyzed in both reactive lymphoid and lymphoma tissues by means of an immunohistochemical technique using specific goat antiserum against MUM1/IRF4. This analysis detected a 50 kDa MUM1 product whose localization was restricted to the nuclei of the lymphocytes. The MUM1+ cells in reactive lymph nodes were found to consist of plasma cells and a small fraction (approximately 7.9%) of B cells harboring CD20+CD38+, which were located in the light zone of the germinal center. MUM1 expression in peripheral blood B/T lymphocytes was upregulated by mitogenic stimuli, suggesting that MUM1 positivity represents the activated state of the B/T cells. In B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), MUM1 expression was observed in 73.2% (30/41) of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 20% (1/5) of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) and 43% (3/7) of small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) cases, whereas it was not seen in any cases of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) or follicle center lymphoma (FCL). Also, MUM1 was stained at high intensity in various types of T cell lymphomas including adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL/L) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) and in the majority of Hodgkin's diseases. Our results suggest that a major proportion of lymphomas comprise either physiologically or aberrantly activated neoplastic lymphocytes expressing the MUM1 protein.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2000 · Leukemia
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    ABSTRACT: A case of a 70-year-old man who first developed multiple myeloma and then chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) within a 3-year period is documented. The patient, with monoclonal hypergammopathy, was diagnosed with smoldering myeloma with IgG-kappa and Bence Jones protein kappa paraproteinemia. No chemotherapy was given for the myeloma until progressive leukocytosis developed after approximately 3 years. This was found to be due to Philadelphia chromosome positive CML. A reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay did not reveal BCR/ABL mRNAs when the myeloma was first diagnosed. The occurrence of 2 distinct hematologic malignancies in the same patient suggests either a different clonal evolution from a common pluripotent malignant stem cell since the CML stem cell also involves the B-lymphoid lineage, a coincident complication of the 2 hematological malignancies, or the coexistence of 2 distinct malignancies due to the same genetic background and/or exposure to similar carcinogenic agents. The literature provides support for the existence of a relationship between multiple myelomas and CML.
    No preview · Article · May 1999 · International Journal of Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: Microsatellite instability (MSI) represents a replication error resulting from the dysfunction of mismatch repair gene products. In this study, MSI was analyzed in 18 patients with various subtypes of adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL/L). Using six different microsatellite loci, we defined MSI as positive when replication errors were observed in at least two loci. The MSI was positive in four cases (22.2%)with acute type ATL, who tended to show more prognostically unfavorable factors and shorter overall survival. These results suggest that genomic instability may be associated with tumor progression rather than the development of ATL/L itself. In addition, the presence of the MSI at initial presentation could appear to warrant consideration as an additional prognostically unfavorable factor.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Leukemia and Lymphoma
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the feasibility of the clinical application of a new bcr/abl analysis system, C-TRAK t(9;22), consisting of a multiplex RT-PCR and a colormetric assay. With this system, bcr/abl transcripts could be detected in all of 24 cytogenetic Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) positive leukemia patients and in none of eight Ph negative patients. Multiple bcr/abl transcripts could be detected in three of the 24 Ph positive patients, the fusion of bcr exon 1 to abl exon 2 (e1a2 junction) dominated that of bcr exon 13 to abl exon 2 (b2a2 junction) in two cases and that of bcr exon 14 to abl exon 2 (b3a2 junction) and b2a2 dominated e1a2 in one case. This system was sensitive enough to be able to detect even one bcr/abl transcript-producing cell in 50000 bcr/abl negative background cells, thus making it suitable for semiquantitative evaluation. Minimal residual disease (MRD) was monitored in one Ph positive leukemia patient who underwent allogenic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT). After allo-BMT, a weak positivity of the bcr/abl transcript continued with no clinical relapse; this result was consistent with that of a conventional nested PCR assay using ethidium bromide staining. Including all the procedures for RNA extraction, it took only about 10 h to detect the bcr/abl transcripts. Our findings indicate that this bcr/abl analysis system provides a quick and sensitive method for screening bcr/abl transcripts and possibly for monitoring MRD in Ph positive leukemia patients.
    No preview · Article · Mar 1998 · Cancer Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Microsatellite instability (MSI) has been reported to occur in various types of malignant neoplasms. We performed a polymerase-chain-reaction-based assay for MSI between the initial and the most recently available ("latest") samples from 23 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Of these patients, 15 were informative at more than three microsatellite loci. Seven patients showed an increase in leukemic cells while 8 patients did not during the interval between the two analyses. Only 1 of the patients, who had refractory anemia with excess blasts, which changed to acute myelogenous leukemia, showed microsatellite alteration at the analysis times. Among all 23 patients, two alterations were detected in the 42 informative paired samples that showed an increase in leukemic cells (4.8%), while none was detected in the 59 paired samples without such an increase. In total, therefore only two alterations were detected among 101 informative paired samples (2%). This indicates that MSI is rare in the clinical course of MDS irrespective of disease status, and is consequently not a critical genetic event for disease progression in most MDS patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1998 · Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of idiopathic CD4+ T-lymphocytopenia with malignant lymphoma (diffuse large, B-cell type) for which there was no evidence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 or type 2 infection and no other known causes of immunodeficiency. She had never suffered from any opportunistic infection until the diagnosis of malignant lymphoma was made, and the CD4+ T-lymphocytopenia persisted after complete remission of the lymphoma. As the clinical features and immune status of the patient differed from those associated with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related syndrome, we conclude that immunodeficiency in this case did not contribute to the opportunistic infection but may have been associated with the genesis of malignant lymphoma.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1997 · Internal Medicine

Publication Stats

454 Citations
59.26 Total Impact Points


  • 2005
    • Tokai Central Hospital
      Tokitsu-chō, Gifu, Japan
  • 1997-2004
    • Nagoya City University
      • • Graduate School of Medical Sciences
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Medical School
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2003
    • Aichi Medical University
      • Department of Hematology
      Okazaki, Aichi, Japan