Publications (2)4.6 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to define the co-expression pattern of target receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) in human esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell cancer. The co-expression pattern of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)1-3, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)alpha/beta and epidermal growth factor receptor 1 (EGFR1) was analyzed by RT-PCR in 50 human esophageal cancers (35 adenocarcinomas and 15 squamous cell cancers). In addition, IHC staining was applied for the confirmation of the expression and analysis of RTK localisation. The adenocarcinoma samples revealed VEGFR1 (97%), VEGFR2 (94%), VEGFR3 (77%), PDGFRalpha (91%), PDGFRbeta (85%) and EGFR1 (97%) expression at different intensities. Ninety-four percent of the esophageal adenocarcinomas expressed at least four out of six RTKs. Similarly, squamous cell cancers revealed VEGFR1 (100%), VEGFR2 (100%), VEGFR3 (53%), PDGFRalpha (100%), PDGFRbeta (87%) and EGFR1 (100%) expression at different intensities. All esophageal squamous cell carcinomas expressed at least four out of six RTKs. While VEGFR1-3 and PDGFRalpha and EGFR1 was expressed by tumor cells, PDGFRbeta was restricted to stromal cells, which also depicted a PDGFRalpha expression. Our results revealed a high rate of RTK co-expression in esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell cancer and may encourage application of multi-target RTK inhibitors within a multimodal concept as a promising novel approach for innovative treatment strategies.
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ABSTRACT: As new multi-target tyrosine kinase inhibitors are emerging in the therapy of various malignancies, our aim was to define the co-expression pattern of receptor-tyrosine-kinase platelet-derived growth factor receptors alpha and beta (PDGFRalpha/beta) in human colorectal cancer. The co-expression pattern of PDGFRalpha/beta was analyzed by RT-PCR in 99 histologically confirmed human colorectal carcinomas and five colorectal cancer cell lines. In addition, immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was applied for confirmation of expression and analysis of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) localisation. The colorectal cancer cell lines that were analysed revealed varying expression intensities of PDGFRalpha and PDGFRbeta. The majority of human colorectal cancer specimens revealed a PDGFRalpha (83%) or PDGFRbeta (60%) expression. While PDGFRalpha showed a predominantly cytoplasmic staining in tumor cells as well as in stromal pericytes, PDGFRbeta was restricted to stromal pericytes only. Furthermore, PDGFRalpha expression significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis (P=0.0082) and advanced UICC stages III/IV (P=0.018) in older patients (P=0.043). PDGFRbeta expression only revealed a trend towards lymphatic dissemination (P=0.099). Co-expression of PDGFRalpha/beta occurred in 57% of the colorectal cancer samples, whereas another 29% of the samples depicted mono-expression of PDGFRalpha or PDGFRbeta. Notably, PDGFRalpha/beta expression significantly correlated with lymphatic metastasis (P=0.007) and advanced UICC stages III/IV (P=0.017) in older patients (P=0.03). In summary, our results revealed that PDGFRalpha/beta expression significantly correlates with lymphatic dissemination and therefore encourages application of PDGFRalpha/beta RTK-inhibitors within a combination therapy.
- Oncology Reports (2)
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität MainzMayence, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany