[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: In good-risk patients with variceal bleeding undergoing portal decompression, surgical shunt is more effective, more durable, and less costly than angiographic shunt (transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic shunt [TIPS]).
Retrospective case-control study.
Academic referral center for liver disease.
Patients with Child-Pugh class A or B cirrhosis with at least 1 prior episode of bleeding from portal hypertension (gastroesophageal varices, portal hypertensive gastropathy).
Portal decompression by angiographic (TIPS) or surgical (portacaval, distal splenorenal) shunt.
Thirty-day and long-term mortality, postintervention diagnostic procedures (endoscopic, ultrasonographic, and angiographic studies), hospital readmissions, variceal rebleeding episodes, blood transfusions, shunt revisions, and hospital and professional charges.
Patients with Child-Pugh class A or B cirrhosis undergoing TIPS (n = 20) or surgical shunt (n = 20) were followed up for 385 and 456 patient-months, respectively. Thirty-day mortality was greater following TIPS compared with surgical shunt (20% vs 0%; P =.20); long-term mortality did not differ. Significantly more rebleeding episodes (P<.001); rehospitalizations (P<.05); diagnostic studies of all types (P<.001); shunt revisions (P<.001); and hospital (P<.005), professional (P<.05), and total (P<. 005) charges occurred following TIPS compared with surgical shunt.
Operative portal decompression is more effective, more durable, and less costly than TIPS in Child-Pugh class A and B cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding. Good-risk patients with portal hypertensive bleeding should be referred for surgical shunt.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Managing patient referrals for surgical consultation in an academic practice has traditionally emphasized clinical rather than service expertise. However, assuring both efficiency and accuracy in the initial consultation have become critical early measures of quality care.
In partnership with the academic medical center administration, current practice was analyzed. Performance and communication standards were established around an ideal patient experience. A new ambulatory consultation process was developed; and flowcharting methods for resource allocation, statistical process control, and pre-visit data collection were used to reduce patient administrative time. Automated referral reports engaged referring physicians throughout the consultation.
Accurate insurance and referral authorization have been provided for all patients, including the 4% who are underinsured. Patient, provider, and referring physician satisfaction has increased significantly. Staff time investment has progressively declined from 52 +/- 11 (95% confidence) minutes to 34 +/- 10 minutes for most patients. Realignment of tasks has reduced the administrative time spent by the patient by 32% without compromising clinical time. New patient volume increased by 29% per year, maintaining regional market share.
Expertise in the process of consultation delivery is feasible and will be increasingly critical to the survival of academic surgical practice in a competitive market.
Article · Jun 2000 · The American Journal of Surgery