[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Prescription of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has increased dramatically.
To assess therapeutic intent of PPI prescription among elderly veterans prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Medical-record abstraction identified therapeutic intent of PPI prescription. An 'appropriate therapeutic intent' was defined as symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease or endoscopic oesophagitis, Zollinger-Ellison disease, dyspepsia, upper gastrointestinal event, Helicobacter pylori infection or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug gastroprotection. Logistic regression predicted the outcome while adjusting for clinical characteristics.
Of 1491 patients [mean 73 years (s.d. 5.6), 73% white and 99.8% men], among those charts which did document a therapeutic indication, 88.8% were appropriate. Prior gastroscopy was predictive of an appropriate therapeutic intent (OR 2.7; 95% CI: 1.9-3.7). Prescription to patients who used VA pharmacy services only, to in-patients, or by a cardiologist or an otolaryngologist were less likely to be appropriate. Gastroprotection was poorly recognized as an indication for PPI prescription, except by rheumatologists (OR 46.7; 95% CI: 15.9-136.9), or among highly co-morbid patients (OR 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-2.9). Among in-patients, 45% of PPI prescriptions were initiated for unknown or inappropriate reasons.
Type of provider predicts appropriate PPI use. In-patient prescription is associated with poor recognition of necessary gastroprotection and unknown therapeutic intent.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Despite wide availability of physician guidelines for safer use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and widespread use of these drugs in the US, NSAID prescribing guidelines have been only modestly effective.
To identify and describe comprehensively barriers to provider adherence to NSAID prescribing guidelines.
We conducted interviews with 25 physicians, seeking to identify the major influences explaining physician non-adherence to guidelines. Interviews were standardized and structured probes were used for clarification and detail. All interviews were audio-taped and transcribed. Three independent investigators analysed the transcripts, using the constant-comparative method of qualitative analysis.
Our analysis identified six dominant physician barriers explaining non-adherence to established NSAID prescribing guidelines. These included (i) lack of familiarity with guidelines, (ii) perceived limited validity of guidelines, (iii) limited applicability of guidelines among specific patients, (iv) clinical inertia, (v) influences of prior anecdotal experiences and (vi) medical heuristics.
A heterogeneous set of influences are barriers to physician adherence to NSAID prescribing guidelines. Suggested measures for improving guideline-concordant prescribing should focus on measures to improve physician education and confidence in guidelines, implementation of physician/pharmacist co-management strategies and expansion of guideline scope.