J.E. Reefer

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (3)16.89 Total impact

  • A Chakravarti · J.E. Reefer

    No preview · Article · Feb 1992 · Cytogenetics and cell genetics
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    A Chakravarti · L K Lasher · J E Reefer
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    ABSTRACT: The genetic length of a genome, in units of Morgans or centimorgans, is a fundamental characteristic of an organism. We propose a maximum likelihood method for estimating this quantity from counts of recombinants and nonrecombinants between marker locus pairs studied from a backcross linkage experiment, assuming no interference and equal chromosome lengths. This method allows the calculation of the standard deviation of the estimate and a confidence interval containing the estimate. Computer simulations have been performed to evaluate and compare the accuracy of the maximum likelihood method and a previously suggested method-of-moments estimator. Specifically, we have investigated the effects of the number of meioses, the number of marker loci, and variation in the genetic lengths of individual chromosomes on the estimate. The effect of missing data, obtained when the results of two separate linkage studies with a fraction of marker loci in common are pooled, is also investigated. The maximum likelihood estimator, in contrast to the method-of-moments estimator, is relatively insensitive to violation of the assumptions made during analysis and is the method of choice. The various methods are compared by application to partial linkage data from Xiphophorus.
    Preview · Article · Jun 1991 · Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosomal heteromorphisms and DNA polymorphisms have been utilized to identify the mechanisms that lead to formation of human ovarian teratomas and to construct a gene-centromere map of chromosome 1 by using those teratomas that arise by meiotic nondisjunction. Of 61 genetically informative ovarian teratomas, 21.3% arose by nondisjunction at meiosis I, and 39.3% arose by meiosis II nondisjunction. Eight polymorphic marker loci on chromosome 1p and one marker on 1q were used to estimate a gene-centromere map. The results show clear linkage of the most proximal 1p marker (NRAS) and the most proximal 1q marker (D1S61) to the centromere at a distance of 14 cM and 20 cM, respectively. Estimated gene-centromere distances suggest that, while recombination occurs normally in ovarian teratomas arising by meiosis II errors, ovarian teratomas arising by meiosis I nondisjunction have altered patterns of recombination. Furthermore, the estimated map demonstrates clear evidence of chiasma interference. Our results suggest that ovarian teratomas can provide a rapid method for mapping genes relative to the centromere.
    Preview · Article · Nov 1990 · The American Journal of Human Genetics