[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Q fever is a common and acute but rare chronic zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii. Its acute form manifests as atypical pneumonia, flu-like syndrome, or hepatitis. Some authors observed symptoms of chronic fatigue in a small number of patients after the acute phase of Q fever; in many cases serological assay confirmed the activity of Coxiella burnetii infection. The effect of antibiotic therapy on post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome has not been studied in south-east Europe thus far.
Three patients are presented with post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome. All fulfilled the CDC criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome. IgA antibodies to phase I of the growth cycle of Coxiella burnetii were positive in two patients and negative in one. Two patients were treated with doxycycline for two weeks in the acute phase of illness and one with a combination of erythromycin and gentamycin. After 4-12 months they developed post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome and were treated with intracellular active antibiotics (fluoroquinolones and tetracycline) for 3-12 months. Efficacy of the treatment was observed in two patients, but in one patient the results were not encouraging.
These results suggest the possibility of the involvement of Coxiella burnetii infection in the evolution of chronic fatigue syndrome. This is the first report on post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome in Mediterranean countries. Evidence of IgA antibodies to phase I of the growth cycle of Coxiella burnetii is not a prerequisite for establishing a diagnosis of CFS. The recommendation of antibiotic treatment in post-Q-fever fatigue syndrome requires further investigation.
Preview · Article · Aug 2007 · Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The bacillus Listeria monocytogenes is widely distributed in the environment. Listeria monocytogenes most often causes infection in the neonates, pregnant women, elderly and immunosuppressed persons. We report on a case of fatal sepsis and meningitis in a 59-year-old woman receiving cyclophosphamide and glucocorticoid therapy for Wegener's granulomatosis over a 10-year period. Listeriosis should be suspected in case of sepsis and/or meningitis in patients who receive immunosuppressive agents. Since meningitis due to Listeria monocytogenes is not distinguishable clinically from other types of bacterial meningitis, antibiotics against Listeria monocytogenes should be included in the initial empirical therapy of bacterial meningitis in immunosuppressed patients, antibiotics against Listeria monocytogenes should be included.
No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Acta medica Croatica: c̆asopis Hravatske akademije medicinskih znanosti
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To detect and isolate rickettsial strains from blood samples of patients with presumptive diagnosis of Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) in the coastal region of south Croatia, and to compare the results with routine serology.
A "suicide" polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and a shell vial culture were done on samples of ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) and citrate-anticoagulated blood samples. Indirect immunofluorescence was performed on sera collected from 17 patients clinically diagnosed with MSF during summer in three consecutive years, from 1998 to 2000.
The primers used in PCR amplified the expected part of the rickettsia genomic DNA and Rickettsia conorii grew from the shell vial-cultured blood of a single patient. In 13 patients, the diagnosis was confirmed serologically by paired sera, whereas in 4 patients the diagnosis remained presumptive, since no paired sera were available. Analyzing sequences of the ompA and citrate synthase gene, respectively, derived from the shell vial isolate, a 100% similarity with Rickettsia conorii, strain Seven (Malish), was found.
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first isolation of Rickettsia conorii from a human sample in Croatia, and the first proof of a causative agent of MSF in the country. Beside PCR-based methods and isolation, correct diagnosis of MSF could be still routinely reached by serology.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2003 · Croatian Medical Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 73-year-old female patient presented with Pasteurella multocida erysipelas-like cellulitis, bacteremia, and shock. The onset of the disease occurred 24 h after a cat bit her to the right lower leg. Initially, the picture of bacteremia and shock developed, with minimal local cellulitis. Pasteurella multocida grew in blood culture. A combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid was therapeutically successful in respect that the signs of bacteremia and shock disappeared. However, extensive erysipelas-like cellulitis developed on the bitten leg within the next 2 days. The disease was efficiently treated with penicillin G combined with netilmicin and administered for 10 days. This report documents the first case of Pasteurella multocida erysipelas-like cellulitis with bacteremia and shock.
Preview · Article · Jan 2001 · Croatian Medical Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two outbreaks of typhoid fever caused by Salmonella typhi of the same phagotype (A, biotype II), and antibiotic susceptibility are reported. Both occurred during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The first outbreak appeared among the refugees from the town of Jajce. The second outbreak appeared among the inhabitants in the village of Vidosi near Livno. This report describes main clinical, epidemiological and laboratory findings for 22 patients treated in Split University Hospital, Croatia, in the period November 1992-January 1993. Possible epidemiological connections between those two outbreaks are discussed.
No preview · Article · Sep 1996 · European Journal of Epidemiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The kinetics of antibodies in human cases of Mediterranean spotted fever was studied by applying Weil-Felix (WF) agglutination with Proteus OX antigens, complement fixation (CF) and indirect immunofluorescence (IF) tests with Rickettsia conorri antigen to 46 sera from 21 patients. The kinetics of specific (CF and IF) and nonspecific (WF) antibodies was similar. The percentage of the positive sera and geometric mean titers of antibodies reached the maximum after 14 days from the onset of illness.
No preview · Article · Mar 1995 · Lijec̆nic̆ki vjesnik