[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, the 1100delC variant of cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) has been reported to confer a colorectal cancer risk in hereditary non-polyposis-colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and HNPCC-related families in the Netherlands. To investigate whether CHEK2 mutations confer increased cancer risk in HNPCC and HNPCC-related families in Poland, we genotyped 463 probands from HNPCC and HNPCC-related families, and 5,496 controls for 4 CHEK2 alleles (1100delC, IVS2+1G>A, del5395, I157T). All 463 probands were screened for mutations in the HNPCC-related genes MSH2, MLH1 and MSH6. A positive association was observed for HNPCC-related cancer and the I157T missense CHEK2 mutation (OR = 1.7; p = 0.007), but not for the truncating alleles (OR = 1.0; p = 1.0). The association with the I157T was seen both for the 117 cases who fulfill Amsterdam criteria (OR = 1.9; p = 0.1) and for the 346 cases who do not fulfill the criteria (OR = 1.6; p = 0.03). One hundred forty-five of the 463 families had a mutation in MSH2, MLH1 or MSH6 (MMR-positive families). A positive association between the CHEK2 I157T mutation and HNPCC-related cancer was observed only for MMR-negative cases (OR = 2.1; p = 0.0004), but not for MMR-positive cases (OR = 0.8; p = 0.9). The association with I157T was particularly strong for MMR-negative cases with familial colorectal cancer (2 or more first-degree relatives affected) (OR = 2.5; p < 0.0001). We conclude that the I157T variant of CHEK2 increases the risk of colorectal cancer among MMR-negative, HNPCC/HNPCC-related families in Poland.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2009 · International Journal of Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three founder alleles of the CHEK2 gene have been associated with predisposition to a range of cancer types in Poland. Two founder alleles (1100delC and IVS2 + 1G >A) result in a truncated CHEK2 protein and the other is a missense substitution, leading to the replacement of a threonine with an isoleucine (I157T).
To establish if these variants play a role in the etiology of ovarian tumors, we genotyped 1108 Polish women with various types of ovarian tumors and 4000 controls for the three CHEK2 variants. We included 539 Polish women with benign ovarian cystadenomas, 122 women with borderline ovarian malignancies and 447 women with invasive ovarian cancer.
Positive associations were seen with the CHEK2 I157T missense variant and ovarian cystadenomas (OR = 1.7; P = 0.005), with borderline ovarian cancers (OR = 2.6; P = 0.002) and with low-grade invasive cancers (OR = 2.1; P = 0.04). There was no association with ovarian cancer of high grade (OR = 1.0). The association between the I157T missense variant was then confirmed in a second sample of Russian patients with borderline ovarian cancers (OR = 2.7; P = 0.06).
These data indicate that CHEK2 variants may predispose to a range of ovarian tumor types of low malignant potential, but not to aggressive cancers.
No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Gynecologic Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We identified 4316 unselected incident cases of early-onset breast cancers (<51 ears of age at diagnosis) in 18 Polish hospitals between 1996 and 2003. We were able to obtain a blood sample for DNA analysis from 3472 of these (80.4%). All cases were tested for the presence of three founder mutations in BRCA1. The proportion of cases with a BRCA1 mutation was 5.7%. The hereditary proportions were higher than this for women with breast cancer diagnosed before age 40 (9%), for women with cancer of medullary or atypical medullary histology (28%), for those with bilateral cancer (29%) or with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer (13%). It is reasonable to offer genetic testing to women with early-onset breast cancer in Poland.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2006 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both hereditary and environmental factors are important in the aetiology of malignant melanoma. Among the risk factors for malignant melanoma are immunodeficiency and immunosuppression. The recently identified NOD2 gene is involved in the regulation of immune function through activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Three common NOD2 mutations -- 3020insC, G908R and R702W -- have been shown to be associated with chronic inflammatory disease such as Crohn's disease, the 3020insC also with human malignancy colorectal cancer. We examined the frequency of the NOD2 variants in 424 patients with malignant melanoma and 649 controls. The 3020insC mutation was present in 6.9% of unselected cases and 7% of the controls (odds ratio (OR) 1.0; P not significant). The mutation was present in 6.8% of 162 cases diagnosed under the age of 50 and in 7.1% of cases diagnosed after the age of 50. A mutation was present in the index case in 5% of 40 familial melanomas (OR 0.7; P not significant). There were no statistically significant differences between prevalence of G908R and R702W in malignant melanoma patients and controls. In conclusion, the three common NOD2 mutations are not associated with increased risk of development of malignant melanoma.
No preview · Article · May 2005 · European Journal of Cancer Prevention