Helen E Alcock

The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (4)13.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This investigation aimed to identify patterns of copy number change in colorectal tumor progression from adenoma to liver metastasis. Fifty-three microdissected sub-regions from 17 cases of colorectal cancer were assigned to one of six histopathologically defined categories: coexisting adenoma, tumor above the muscularis layer, tumor within the muscularis layer, tumor extending through the bowel wall to serosal fat, lymph node metastasis, and liver metastasis. Microdissected samples were treated by a microwave processing step and then used as templates for universal PCR amplification. PCR products were fluorophore labeled and subjected to comparative genomic hybridization. Copy number changes were found in all samples, and every chromosome arm (excluding acrocentric short arms) was affected. More losses than gains were detected, but there were no significant differences between the numbers of changes seen in each category. Each individual sample revealed unique changes, additional to those shared within each case. The most frequently observed gains were of X and 12q. The most common losses were of 8p, 16p, 9p, 15q, 18q, and 10q. Nominally significant associations were observed between metastatic tumor and loss of 12q24.1 or 10p13-14, non-metastatic tumor and loss of 8q24.1, tumor extending to serosal fat and loss of 6q24-25 or gain of 4q11-13, tumor extending to serosal fat and metastatic lesions and loss of 4q32-34 or 22q11-12, and adenoma and loss of 15q24. Loss of 4q32-34 remained highly significant after correction for multiple testing. Adenoma was the only category not to show loss of 17p. These data reveal a genetically heterogeneous picture of tumor progression, with a small number of changes associated with advanced disease.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2003 · Genes Chromosomes and Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: We have carried out comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis on archival biopsy material from a series of 30 UK mantle cell lymphomas. The most frequent aberrations were gains of 3q (21 cases), 6p (19 cases), 7q (8 cases), 12p (8 cases), 12q (9 cases) and 17q11q21 (8 cases), and losses of 1p13p32 (10 cases), 5p13p15.3 (9 cases), 6q14q27 (11 cases), 8p (7 cases), 11q13q23 (8 cases) and 13q (18 cases). Nineteen cases (63%) had a common region of amplification at 3q28q29, which was highly amplified in three cases, suggesting the presence of a mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)-related oncogene in this region. There was a minimal common region of deletion at 6q25q26 in nine cases (30%). No MCL-specific locus has previously been identified on chromosome 6 and this region may contain a tumour suppressor gene specifically implicated in the development of this subtype of lymphoma. An increased number of chromosome aberrations, gain of Xq and loss of 17p were all significantly associated with a worse prognosis. A greater understanding of the genetics of mantle cell lymphoma may allow the identification of prognostic factors which will aid the identification of appropriate treatment regimens.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2002 · British Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify novel areas of genomic copy number change associated with transformation from follicular lymphoma (FL) to diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBL). DNA was extracted from tumour cells micro-dissected from paraffin- embedded tissue sections in 24 patients with FL and subsequent transformation to DLBL and 18 patients with de novo DLBL. Tumour DNA was compared to reference DNA using comparative genomic hybridization. Abnormalities common to all 3 groups were gains on chromosomes 4q, 5q, 7q, 11q and X and losses on 3p, 8p and 10q. Copy number changes seen in both transformed and de novo DLBL and not seen in FL were gains on 2p and losses on 1q, 15q and Xq. Gains on 2q, 6p, 7p and 17q and losses on 5p and 8q were specific to transformed DLBL cases. Gain on 12q12-14 was found in 52% of the transformed DLBL cases and was never seen in its follicular counterpart. Patterns of genomic copy number change associated with specific clinical events in NHL have been demonstrated and suggest that gains on 2q, 6p, 7p, 12q and 17q and losses on 5p and 8q may be important in the transformation from low to high-grade disease.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2001 · British Journal of Cancer
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    H E Alcock · T J Stephenson · JA Royds · D W Hammond
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    ABSTRACT: Microdissection was performed on sections cut from formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded archival material, which had been subjected to conventional immunohistochemistry. Crude DNA extracts, which were obtained from these microdissected samples by a simple microwave step, were then added directly to amplification reactions. Analyses using a range of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based techniques, including microsatellite repeat polymorphism analysis at the NM23-H1 locus and sequencing of exons 5, 7, and 8 of the p53 gene, were performed successfully. Universal PCR amplification was also carried out on the microdissected material and probes suitable for use in comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH) were obtained in all cases. This technique will enable a range of effective genetic analyses to be carried out on specific subsets of cells that have been characterised previously by immunohistochemistry.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 1999 · Molecular Pathology