[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the genotype distribution and the effects of killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligand on related donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
The genotypes of donor/recipient HLA-Cw and donor KIR were determined by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) in 87 cases of related donor HSCT (40 cases were haploidentical HSCT, and the remaining 47 cases were HLA-identital sibling HSCT).
All the donors possessed KIR2DL1, 2DL2/L3, 2DL4, 3DL2, and 3DL3, and 96.6% of donors possessed 3DL1. The rate of activating KIRs varied. 97.7% of the recipients expressed C1, while the rates of C2, Bw4, and HLA-A3/A11 were different. In haploidentical HSCT, KIR-HLA-mismatched group included 34 cases and the matched group included 6 cases. HLA-HLA-mismatched group included 31 cases and the matched group included 9 cases. In matched sibling donor HSCT, KIR-HLA-mismatched group included 42 cases and the matched group included 5 cases. KIR-HLA-mismatched group had higher 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate compared with KIR-HLA-matched group [ (71.5 +/- 6.5 ) % vs. (50.0 +/- 10.7)%, P < 0.05].
The rate of activating KIR is lower than inhibitory KIRs. Inhibitory KIR2DL1, 3DL1, and 3DL2 may play key roles in the natural killer cell alloreactivity. The DFS rate is higher in KIR-HLA-mismatched group than in KIR-HLA-matched group in related donor HSCT.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of donor killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and recipient HLA genotypes on outcome following haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). 26 patients with hematologic diseases received non T-cell-depleted (TCD) in vitro transplant from haploidentical donor. Donor/recipient HLA and donor KIR genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP). Donor/recipient KIR/HLA subgroup was assessed by donors KIR and recipients HLA-Bw4, Cw1 group and Cw2 group alleles. Hematopoietic reconstitution, incidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD), disease-free survival (DFS), infection and transplant-related mortality (TRM) were analyzed between every two groups. The influence of donor activating KIR on outcome following haploidentical HSCT also has been studied. The results showed that hematopoietic reconstitution, incidence of GVHD, DFS, infection and TRM were not significantly different between every two groups (p>0.05). There were 4 cases of severe GVHD in C2 mismatched group. The donor activating KIR2DS5 positive group had higher 2-year DFS compared with the negative group [(85.7+/-13.2)% vs (31.2+/-12.8)%, p<0.05]. It is concluded that KIR/HLA genotypes between donor and recipient influence the outcome following haploidentical HSCT. Donor activating KIR2DS5 may improve DFS in non TCD haploidentical HSCT.
No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the effect of alloreactive natural killer (NK) cells used in conditioning regimen on elimination of recipient-type T cell and granulocyte, reconstitution of hematopoiesis, engraftment and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in murine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (BMT).
The murine model of MHC haploidentical BMT was established by using (C57BL/6 x BALB/c) BCF(1) (H-2(d/b)) mouse as the donor, and BALB/c (H-2(d)) mouse as the recipient. Recipient mice were divided into 8.5 Gy control group and 7, 6 and 5 Gy experimental groups according to different irradiation dose and different kinds of NK cell treatment. The control group was further subdivided into untreated and BMT groups, while each experimental group was subdivided respectively into untreated group, BMT group, non-allo-reactive NK cells (non-allo NK) group and alloreactive NK cells (allo NK) group. The effect of adding alloreactive NK cell to conditioning regimen was assessed by peripheral white blood cell and platelet counts, recipient type H-2(d+) T cells and granulocytes counts, expression of H-2(d/b+) cells and pathohistological examination.
Survival time was (6.00 +/- 0.82) days for 8.5 Gy untreated group, and beyond 60 days for all the other groups. No clinical and histopathological evidence of GVHD was observed in all the groups. The reconstitution of hematopoiesis was faster in allo NK groups than in other groups (P < 0.05). On day 1 after BMT, in allo NK groups with different irradiation dose, bone marrow and spleen recipient type H-2(d+) granulocytes and T cells were significantly decreased compared with identical BMT groups and non-allo NK groups (P < 0.05). The engraftment rates of H-2(d/b+) cells were significantly higher in 7, 6 and 5 Gy allo NK groups than in identical BMT groups and non-allo NK groups (P < 0.05, respectively).
In mouse MHC haploidentical BMT, alloreactive NK cell can eliminate recipient-type T cell and granulocyte, promote reconstitution of hematopoiesis, enhance engraftment while not induce GVHD.
No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on in vitro expansion potential, the adherent molecules expression of cord blood (CB) CD34(+) cells.
MSCs were obtained from human bone marrow and their differentiation function and phenotype were identified. CB CD34(+) cells were expanded in culture systems with or without MSC layer. Hematopoietic progenitor cells and adhesion molecules expression were assessed by semisolid culture assay and flow cytometry.
Thy-1, SH2, SB10, CD44, CD13, CD49e and CD29 were highly expressed on MSCs with no expressions of CD34, CD45, HLA-DR, CD14 and CD31. The MSCs could differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts under specific induction conditions. After culturing on MSCs layer with supplement of cytokines for 8 days, the absolute numbers of nuclear cells, CD34(+), CD34(+)CD38(-), CD34(+)CD62L(+) cells and CFU-Cs were increased by 145.57 +/- 17.89, 37.47 +/- 13.78, 69.78 +/- 50.07, 10.74 +/- 5.89 and 20.73 +/- 5.54-folds, respectively, being significantly higher than that cultured with cytokines alone. The expression of ALCAM, VLA-alpha4, VLA-alpha5, VLA-beta1, HCAM, PECAM and LFA-1 on CD34(+) cells remained unaffected. The expressions of ICAM-1 and L-selectin were downregulated during expansion, while the absolute numbers of CD34(+)CD62L(+) and CD34(+)CD54(+) cells were increased.
MSCs layer improves expansion of CB CD34(+) cells while inhibiting their differentiation and retaining their homing ability.
No preview · Article · Aug 2005 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the difference of biological characteristics between two subpopulations of adult bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), this study was designed to observe the morphological feature and immunophenotype of the adult MSC in the ex vivo culture, the mononuclear cells isolated from normal adult bone marrow were cultured in DMEM with 10% fetal bovine serum. Cell morphology, immunophenotype and cell cycle of two different subgroups were investigated. Cells from 80% confluence were passed through a 10 microm filter, then the fillered cells were cultured in the semisolid methylcellulose medium. The results showed that (1) two different subpopulations were observed in the ex vivo culture. The fibro-like cell was called mature MSC (mMSC) and the smaller round cell was defined rapidly as MSC self-renewing cells (RS cells); (2) the average proportion of cells in G(0)/G(1) of RS cells was approximately 99%, but that of mMSCs was 90%; (3) both of the two populations were negative on the lineage-committed antigen (such as CD34, CD45, CD3, CD19, CD33, HLA-DR, CD38), while positive on the expression of CD90, CD105, C166, CD29, CD44, CD49e, CD54, CD13. However, the expression of these antigens on RS cells was weaker than that on mMSC, but CD117 and KDR were higher expressed when compared with the mMSC; (4) after 4 to 5 week semisolid culture, no hematopoietic progenitor cell colonies were observed. It is concluded that adult MSCs are heterogeneous in that distinct morphological populations exist. The RS cells appear to be the more primitive with greater potential for self-renewal and multilineage differentiation.
No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the role of T-bet [a T helper 1 (Th1) lymphocyte transcription factor] gene expression in predicting acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and evaluate the correlation between T-bet gene and aGVHD.
Twenty patients who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo. HSCT) entered this study. The expression of T-bet gene was examined with reverse transcription (RT)-PCR in bone marrow samples collected from patients on the day before conditioning, and day 0, day 14, day 28, and day 42 after HSCT.
The expression level of T-bet in patients developed aGVHD was increased compared with that before conditioning (P = 0.043). The incidence of aGVHD was 91.7% in patients whose T-bet expression level was increased on day 14 after transplant while was 12.5% in those whose T-bet gene expression level was not increased on that day (P < 0.001).
Patients with increased expression levels of T-bet after allo-HSCT may have an increased possibility to develop aGVHD. T-bet expression level may serve as an advisable guide to the clinician in predicting aGVHD and monitoring treatment.
No preview · Article · Aug 2004 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the outcome of patients with de novo acute leukemia (AL, no AML-M(3)) in CR(1) undergone autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) or HLA-identical sibling allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT).
Forty-six AL patients received allo-HSCT and 94 received auto-HSCT in CR(1). The conditioning regimens mainly consisted of TBICy, BuCy and MAC. Cyclosporine plus methotrexate, or cyclosporine alone, or FK506 alone was used for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. Among auto-HSCT group, 39 patients received purged autologous bone marrow and 38 received immunotherapy and/or maintenance chemotherapy after transplant.
Myeloid reconstitution was achieved in all patients. After a median of 700 (range, 18 approximately 5563) days follow-up, the probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) at 5 year were not significantly different in these two groups: (51.5 +/- 5.4)% for auto-HSCT group and (52.8 +/- 7.6)% for allo-HSCT group (P > 0.05). There was a lower cumulative relapse incidence (RI) [(26.3 +/- 6.9)% vs. (52.0 +/- 5.5)%, P > 0.05] but a significantly higher cumulative transplant-related mortality (TRM) [(37.6 +/- 7.8% vs. (14.4 +/- 4.1)%, P < 0.05] in the allo-HSCT group than in auto-HSCT group. Among auto-HSCT group, the patients received purged autografts and/or post-transplant therapy had significantly better LFS and lower RI (P < 0.05) than those received unpurged autografts or no post-transplant treatments [5-y LFS: (62.8 +/- 6.8)% and (38.4 +/- 8.4)%; RI: (37.7 +/- 6.8)% and (74.2 +/- 8.7)%, respectively].
The long-term LFS of auto-HSCT was comparable to that of allo-HSCT in the management of patients with AL in CR(1), because autograft purging and post-transplant treatment can significantly decrease relapse of auto-HSCT patients and auto-HSCT has lower therapy-related toxicities.
No preview · Article · Jul 2004 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for treatment of leukemia relapsed after first allo-HSCT.
Nine patients with relapsed acute leukemia (5 AML, 4 ALL) and one with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who showed cytogenetic relapse after first allo-HSCT received second allo-HSCT. The median relapse time from the first allo-HSCT was 141 days. Conditioning regimens for second allo-HSCT were combination chemotherapy based on moderate-dose Ara-C (n = 5), Bu (n = 3), conventional-dose Ara-C (n = 1) and Flud/Mel (n = 1). Prophylaxis for acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) were CsA alone (n = 2), CsA/MTX (n = 1), FK506 (n = 1), and no prophylaxis in 6. The median number of peripheral blood mononuclear cells transfused was 6.1 x 10(8)/kg.
Eight cases were evaluable. All of them were engrafted and 7 developed aGVHD (grade I 4, grade II 3). The median time for absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 0.5 x 10(9)/L and platelets > 20 x 10(9)/L were 11 and 12 days, respectively. Five cases developed localized chronic GVHD. Of all the 10 cases received second allo-HSCT, 8 died from interstitial pneumonia (n = 2), multiple-organ failure (n = 1), sepsis (n = 1), fungous pneumonia (n = 1), and leukemia relapse (n = 3), and 2 survived without leukemia for +986 and +1913 days, respectively. The leukemia free survival, transplantation related mortality and relapse rate at 2 year were 20%, 50% and 30%, respectively.
Second allo-HSCT is a therapeutic alternative for selected patients with relapsed leukemia after first allo-HSCT.
No preview · Article · May 2004 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi