Publications (2)4.95 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The influence of systematic dummy-head training with Periopolishe (PP, group A) and Gracey instruments (GRA, group B) on the effectiveness of root debridement was evaluated by Rühling et al., 2002 (9). Their results indicate that independent of the instrument used, untrained operators were only able to debride root surfaces at low levels of effectiveness. It was possible to increase effectiveness to a high level through systematic training in both groups. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of operator motivation and self-assessment on scaling effectiveness. Before baseline, operators were asked to answer a questionnaire rating the expectation of the instrument performance. Four groups of inexperienced operators (n = 11 each) received 10 weeks dummy-head training. In groups A (GRA) and B (PP), training was combined with a motivational programme. Groups C (GRA) and D (PP) received the same training, but no additional motivational programme. In a dummy-head, 10 test teeth were debrided and operators were asked to estimate their effectiveness of debridement at each test day. Effectiveness was calculated as percentage of debrided root area on 10 test teeth at different time points with an image analysis programme (NIH Image) and ANOVA. Two groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U-test (unpaired) and the Wilcoxon signed ranks test (paired). Motivated groups (A and B) reached about 25% higher debridement results (p < 0.001) and were able to estimate their effectiveness more precisely compared to groups C and D. In the low motivation groups (C and D), overestimation of more than 20% was evident (p < 0.001). The questionnaires revealed underestimation of the GRA instruments and overestimation of PP instruments. Operator motivation and self-assessment greatly influence learning of effective root debridement.
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ABSTRACT: In a dummy-head trial, we assessed how effectively untrained operators were able to learn scaling with curettes and power-driven instruments. Two untrained operator groups (n = 11 each) received six 2-h lessons during a 10-week period following a training program. Subgingival scaling was performed with curettes (GRA) and a power-driven system (PP). At 6 test days each subject had to instrument 10 test teeth. The percentage of debrided area was assessed with an image analysis program. Learning success was measured as a percentage of debrided root area and scaling time. Furthermore, the effectivity was related to difficulty in anatomical situations and access to root surfaces. Statistical analysis was carried out with SPSS. At baseline, effectivity was 63.1% (GRA) vs. 52.3% (PP). Between weeks 9 and 11, operators reached a plateau for group GRA at 84.7% and group PP at 81.3%. Scaling time did not differ between the two groups. Debridement of teeth with complex root shapes that were hard to access was less effective with the power-driven system. Independent of the instrument used, untrained operators were only able to debride root surfaces at low levels of efficacy. With systematical training, effective scaling with the power- driven system was as easy to learn as with hand instruments. On root surfaces with complicated shape and anatomy or difficult accessibility, the power-driven system works significantly less effectively.
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu KielKiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany