Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and heme oxygenase-2 (HO-2) in placenta tissue of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), and the relationship between HO protein expression and enzymatic activity. Protein expression was analyzed qualitatively and semi-quantitatively by Western blotting in placental tissue of PIH (PIH group, n = 30) and normal late pregnant women (control group, n = 30). The levels of HO enzymatic activity in placental tissue were measured with the double wavelength scanning by spectrophotometer. (1) Western blotting analysis demonstrated that the relative protein levels of HO-1 and HO-2 in placental samples of control group were 0.7 +/- 0.4 and 0.8 +/- 0.4 respectively, there were no significant difference between HO-1 and HO-2 protein levels (P > 0.05). (2) The relative levels of HO-1 were 0.6 +/- 0.4 in PIH group, there was no significant difference from those in the control group (P > 0.05); the relative levels of HO-2 protein were 0.6 +/- 0.3 in PIH group, that were obviously lower than those in the control group (P < 0.01). The levels of HO enzymatic activity of PIH group were (0.3 +/- 0.2) nmol x mg(-1) x h(-1), significantly lower than that of the control group [(0.5 +/- 0.3) nmol x mg(-1) x h(-1)] (P < 0.01). The levels of HO activity correlated with HO-2 protein levels. The expression levels of HO-2 protein were decreased and HO enzymatic activity reduced in PIH group. HO may play a role in the pathophysiology of poor placental perfusion and tissue damage in placenta of PIH.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression and localization of the two known isoforms of hemeoxygenase (HO) in normal human first trimester placenta and third trimester placenta. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry were resorted to demonstrate the expression and localization of HO-1 and HO-2 in normal placenta tissue, obtained from 6 approximately 10 week gestation women (20 cases) and the third trimester woman (20 cases). Compared with glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), the expression of HO-1 was lower, there was no significant difference between the first trimester (0.31 +/- 0.19) and third trimester (0.28 +/- 0.14) (P > 0.05); the expression of HO-2 was higher, it is significantly higher at third trimester (1.12 +/- 0.58) compared with first trimester placenta (0.70 +/- 0.48) (P < 0.05). The result of immunohistochemistry demonstrated that HO-1 was predominantly localized in villous stroma cell and trophoblast; HO-2 predominantly localized in trophoblast as well as capillaries, with weak staining of villous stroma. The staining score were not normally distributed. The median staining scorse of HO-1 in trophoblast, villous stroma and capillaries at first trimester were 9.0, 2.6 and 2.8, respectively, at third trimester were 8.7, 2.0 and 1.4, there was no difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). The median staining score of HO-2 in capillaries at first trimester was 5.8, significantly lower than that of the third trimester (9.3) (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the staining score of HO-2 in trophoblast (10.5, 8.0) and villous stroma (3.6, 2.4) between the first trimester and the third trimester (P > 0.05). HO-1 and HO-2 as endogenous system may regulate feto-placental circulation, indicated their different roles in placental vascular development and regulation. They may offer protection against cyto-toxic damage in the placenta, and influence immunological function.