[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyzed the indication and prognostic factors of surgical treatment of lung cancer invading left atrium and great vessels (T4).
We retrospectively reviewed the database of 136 T4 lung cancer (tumors invading left atrium and great vessels) patients who received surgical treatment in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Science (CAMS) from September 1981 to January 2007. There are 114 men and 22 women, the median age was 58 years (range 28 - 76). All patients were divided into three subgroups according to the invading site: tumor invading left atrium group, tumor invading superior vena cava group and tumor invading pulmonary artery group. All patients were divided into two subgroups according to the character of operation: complete resection group and incomplete resection group. Patients were divided into three subgroups according to pathological lymph node status: N0, N1 and N2 group.
One hundred and thirty six lung cancer patients received resection of primary lesions plus arterioplasty of pulmonary artery (PA) (n = 83) and/or angioplasty of superior vena cava (SVC) (n = 21) and/or partial resection of left atrium (LA) (n = 32). Complete resection was possible in 120 patients and 16 patients underwent incomplete resection. Five-year survival was 43.0% for entire group, 52. 8% for PA group, 18.2% for SVC group and 18.4% for LA group. Factors significantly influencing the overall 5-year survival were the pathologic N status (5-year survival 15.1% for N2, 5-year survival 44.9% for N1, 5-year survival 74% for N0 group; N2 versus N1 versus N0, P = 0.028) and the completeness of resection (5-year survival 37.5% for complete resection, 5-year survival 22.4% for incomplete resection group; complete versus incomplete, P = 0.042). Pathological lymph node status but not histology and character of operation was an independent prognostic factor using Cox regression analysis (P = 0.01, RR = 1.923, 95% CI: 1.172 -3. 157).
Pathological lymph node status is an independent prognostic factor for T4 lung cancer. Patients with pathological N0-1 lung cancer invading left atrium and great vessels (T4) may benefit from surgical treatment. In the preoperative workup, every possible effort should be made to achieve a careful evaluation of mediastinal lymph noda status. Compared with incomplete resection group, complete resection group may have a better prognosis. Tumor invading extrapericardial PA may be defined as T2.
No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the surgical therapeutic strategy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with (N2) mediastinal lymph node metastasis.
The clinical data of 325 patients with N2 NSCLC treated surgically between 1961 and 1995 were analysed.
The over-all 5-year survival rate was 19.6%. Survival was higher in patients with radical resection than with palliative resection, with squamous-cell carcinoma than with adenocarcinoma, with sleeve lobectomy and pneumonectomy than with regular lobectomy, with 1 to 3 mediastinal metastatic lymph nodes than those over 4, and with adjuvant therapy (chiefly postoperative radiotherapy) than without. All these differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no 5-year survivor in patients with T3 or T4 tumor, nor in those with distant metastasis.
It is suggested that surgery is the best choice for N2 NSCLC patients with T1 or T2 tumor, with non-adenocarcinoma, and with metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes less than 4 in number. Surgery is probably not a good choice in those with T3 tumor varieties. At operation, radical resection of the tumor and systematic removal of all hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes are essential for disease staging and survival improvement. Adjuvant therapy may improve long-term survival and is especially indicated in patients with residual tumor and/or metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes over 3 in number.
No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An accurate clinical TNM staging of lung cancer is essential for the precise determination of the extent of the disease in order that an optimal therapeutic strategy can be planned. This is especially true in patients with marginally resectable tumors. Clinical over-staging of the disease may deny a patient the benefit of surgery, whereas under-staging may oblige a patient to accept a fruitless or even harmful surgery. We aimed to analyze preoperative clinical (c-TNM) and postoperative surgico-pathologic staging (p-TNM) of lung cancer patients in order to evaluate the accuracy of our clinical staging and its implications on the surgical strategy for lung cancer.
We did a retrospective comparison of c-TNM and p-TNM staging of 2007 patients with lung cancer surgically treated from January 1999 to May 2003. Preoperative evaluation and c-TNM staging of all patients were based on physical examination, laboratory studies, routine chest X-ray and CT scan of the chest and upper abdomen. Other examinations included sputum cytology, bronchoscopy, abdominal ultrasonography, bone scintiscan, brain CT/MRI, and mediastinoscopy whenever indicated.
In the present study the comparison of c-TNM and p-TNM staging of 2007 patients with lung cancer revealed an overall concurrence rate of only 39.0%. In the entire series the extent of disease was clinically underestimated in 45.2% and overestimated in 15.8% of the patients. Among all c-TNM stages the c-IA/B stage of 1105 patients gave the highest rate (55.2%) of underestimating the extent of disease. Clinical staging of T subsets was relatively easy with an overall accuracy rate of 72.9%, while that of N subsets was relatively more difficult with an overall accuracy rate of 53.5%. Analysis also showed that c-IV stage may not be an absolute contraindication to surgery, because in half of the patients, c-M1 turned out to be p-M0, providing the possibility of resectional surgery depending on the status of T and N.
For reasons to be further determined, the present preoperative clinical TNM staging of lung cancer remains a crude evaluation. Further efforts to improve its accuracy are needed.
No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To summarize the clinical experiences in treating primary tracheal tumors by surgery.
The clinical data concerning 70 surgically treated patients between 1968 and 2001 were retrospectively analyzed.
There were 39 sleeve tracheal resections, 13 carinal resections, 10 lateral tracheal wall resections, 5 local enucleations, and 1 pneumonectomy. The tumors in 2 patients were unresectable. The morbidity rate was 31% (22/70) and operative 30-day mortality for resection with primary reconstruction was 8% (4/52). The tumors were benign in 14 and malignant in 56 cases. The most common malignant tumors were adenoidcystic carcinoma (45%) and squamous cell carcinoma (23%). The cases of benign tracheal tumors were followed up for an average of 5.7 years. After resection for malignant tumors, the overall 5- and 10-year survival rates were 64% (21/33) and 54% (14/26), respectively.
Surgical resection is the most effective treatment of tracheal tumors. Tracheal resection and reconstruction is the treatment of choice for primary tracheal tumors. Benign tumors should be resected conservatively with preservation of tracheal parenchyma. The reduction of operative complications are key points of good surgical results.
No preview · Article · Dec 2003 · Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]