[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The anatomical proximity of axillary artery to the humeral head makes it quite vulnerable to blunt trauma during shoulder injury. Axillary artery rupture and prolonged ischemia may lead to rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. Herein we present a case of a patient who sustained proximal humerus fracture associated with axillary artery rupture and acute renal failure due to rhabdomyolysis.
Article · Jul 2008 · International Urology and Nephrology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: According to the literature, hip function after hip fracture is affected by the type of surgery. Our aim was to determine the correlation between surgical treatment of hip fracture and postoperative function in the elderly. Inclusion criteria were displaced hip fracture and age over 70 years. One hundred and twenty-nine participants were randomly divided into three groups according to the type of the surgical operation they underwent (hemi-arthroplasty [Merete, Berlin, Germany], total arthroplasty [Plus; De Puy, Warsaw, IN, USA] and internal fixation [Richards plate screw; Smith & Nephew, Memphis, TN, USA]). The function of the patients was estimated using the following parameters: the Barthel Index and Harris Hip Score, the range of passive hip motion, the gait speed of individuals, after 1 and 4 years of follow-up. The Barthel Index scores after 4 years of follow-up were 85.3, 82.6, 80.1 after total arthroplasty, hemi-arthroplasty and internal fixation respectively. Similarly, the Harris Hip Scores after 4 years of follow-up were 83.7, 79.5 and 73.6. The range of passive hip motion in the three groups of patients did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Also, patients of the total arthroplasty and hemi-arthroplasty groups walked faster than the patients of the internal fixation group 4 years after discharge (p<0.05). In conclusion, we believe that total hip arthroplasty is the treatment of choice for displaced subcapital hip fractures in patients over 70 years old.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Vibrio vulnificus is a Gram-negative pathogen which is found in seawater and shellfish during warm months and can cause local infections in healthy individuals or septicemia in patients with chronic liver disease.
Clinical and laboratory records of four complicated cases are presented, with a 4.2 mean year follow-up.
Three patients underwent urgent leg amputation because of of irreversible necrotic changes with septic complications and failure of incisional drainage to control the infection. Another one patient underwent only excision of necrotic soft tissue but he developed calcaneus osteomyelitis after three years of the initial fish bone injury.
Clinicians must maintain a high index of suspicion, especially in regions endemic for vibrio necrotising fasciitis and antibiotic prophylaxis must be given to swimmers before or during bathing.
Article · Mar 2008 · Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania: 1990)