[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To clarify kinetics in ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated lesions, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and expression of apoptosis-inhibitory proteins were studied. Ki-67 labeling and survivin and bcl-2 expression were examined immunohistochemically in 22 low-grade dysplasias (LGDs), 25 high-grade dysplasias (HGDs), and 13 adenocarcinomas associated with UC, and for comparison in 21 sporadic adenomas with LGD, 22 sporadic adenomas with HGD, and 21 invasive adenocarcinomas. Apoptosis was studied with nick-end labeling and immunohistochemical analysis of single-stranded DNA. In UC-associated LGDs, Ki-67--positive cells were more frequent in the lower than the upper half of the crypt, related to bcl-2 expression, while in sporadic adenomas such cells were more common in the upper half. No difference in apoptosis was found between UC-associated LGDs and sporadic adenomas with LGD or between UC-associated HGDs and sporadic adenomas with HGD. However, UC-associated carcinomas exhibited a lower apoptotic count than their sporadic invasive counterparts. This seemed related to higher survivin expression without a significant difference between the 2 types of invasive lesions regarding bcl-2 levels. Apoptosis is less frequent in UC-associated than in sporadic invasive colon carcinomas, this being linked to elevated survivin expression. The control of apoptosis may be different in the 2 types of tumorigenesis.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2003 · American Journal of Clinical Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ovarian hormones are considered to be capable of regulating expression of beta-catenins. A possible role of beta-catenin in alteration of cell morphology has been proposed, but little is known about beta-catenin expression during changes in the tumor morphology of endometrial carcinomas induced by progesterone therapy. To clarify changes in expression of beta-catenin and their relation to morphological alteration, expression of hormone receptors and several cell kinetic markers, sequential biopsy and hysterectomy specimens of 23 endometrial carcinoma and 6 complex hyperplasia with atypia (atypical hyperplasia) cases receiving progesterone therapy were investigated. In vitro assay was also conducted using two endometrial carcinoma cell lines (HEC265 and Ishikawa) expressing progesterone receptors (PRs). An increase of nuclear beta-catenin accumulation was evident during progesterone therapy in endometrial carcinomas and atypical hyperplasias. The nuclear labeling indices were significantly associated with gene mutations and alteration in morphological features in response to progesterone, independently of the status of Ki-67, p21WAF1 and p27Kip1, and hormone receptors. In HEC265 having a beta-catenin gene mutation (A32V), cytoplasmic beta-catenin levels were elevated by progesterone treatment, linked to down-regulation of PR expression, but such changes were relatively minor in Ishikawa without the gene alterations. These findings demonstrate a possible role of progesterone in regulation of beta-catenin expression in endometrial tumors. Moreover, nuclear beta-catenin accumulation, like gene abnormalities, is associated with the alteration of tumor morphology due to progesterone, indicating that beta-catenin may be a clinically useful marker of hormone therapeutic effects.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to investigate cell kinetics and cell cycle regulator protein expression with reference to the growth pattern of early gastric carcinomas (EGCs), we evaluated a total of 240 EGCs with submucosal invasion clinicopathologically and 106 submucosal invasive lesions immunohistochemically. The incidence of lymph node metastasis was relatively high (36.4%) in the superficially spreading growth (SUP) type tumors whereas the penetrating growth (PEN) type had a low incidence (5.7%, P < 0.001) and correlated with submucosal tumor size. Ki67 labeling was lower in submucosal areas of the SUP-type tumors (median, 37.3%) than the PEN-type tumors (51.0%, P < 0.001). ssDNA labeling in the lamina propria, indicative of apoptotic activity, was higher in the SUP-type tumors (0.55%) than in PEN-type (0.30%, P < 0.01) lesions. The expression of cell cycle regulator p21WAF1/CIP1 was lower in the SUP-type tumors (lamina propria 15.6%, submucosa 2.6%) than in PEN-type tumors (lamina propria 26.5%, submucosa 4.4%, P < 0.05-0.001). In conclusion, differences in cell kinetics and p21WAF1/CIP1 expression might influence the growth pattern of EGCs. The SUP-type EGC, characterized by high apoptotic in the lamina propria and low proliferative activities in the submucosa, is associated with frequent lymph node metastasis, suggesting a strong correlation between tumor size in the submucosa and metastatic potential.
No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Pathology International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We comparatively assessed 41 mucinous colorectal carcinomas (MUCs) and 620 non-MUC (well-, moderately, and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma) cases for clinicopathologic findings; and 41 MUCs and 115 randomly selected non-MUCs also were studied for the following: (1) apoptotic activity and Ki-67 immunoreactivity; (2) immunohistochemical expression of p21(WAF1/CIP1), p27Kip1, p53, and bcl-2; and (3) c-Ki-ras mutations. The rates for lymph node involvement and peritoneal dissemination were higher in MUCs than in non-MUCs. Multivariate analysis showed MUCs to have a worse prognosis than well-differentiated adenocarcinomas. The Ki-67 labeling for MUCs was significantly lower than that for non-MUCs, whereas the apoptotic index was significantly higher than for the well-differentiated type. The labeling for p21(WAF1/CIP1) and p27Kip1 was lower in MUCs (2.7% and 35.3%, respectively) than in well-differentiated adenocarcinomas (4.2% and 48.6%, respectively). MUCs can be considered a different tumor from the well-differentiated type, with a poor prognosis owing to frequent lymph node metastasis and peritoneal dissemination, and characterized by high apoptotic and low proliferative activities associated with low p21(WAF1/CIP1) and p27Kip1 expression.
Preview · Article · Jul 2002 · American Journal of Clinical Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the case of a Kaposi-like variant of splenic angiosarcoma in a 28-year-old woman. The tumor featured a Kaposi sarcoma-like spindle cell proliferation with slit formation and markedly dilated spongelike vascular channels filled with erythrocytes. Thirteen months following the initial splenectomy, metastatic lesions were found in the patient's liver and bone marrow. The proliferating cells were positive for factor VIII-associated antigen and CD34. The human herpesvirus 8 genome, which is regarded as a diagnostic feature of Kaposi sarcoma, was not detected by polymerase chain reaction analysis. Although the histologic findings were similar, this Kaposi-like variant of splenic angiosarcoma must be considered distinct from Kaposi sarcoma.
No preview · Article · Mar 2002 · Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine