[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Adequately providing for the health care of the growing minority population in the United States requires increased racial and ethnic diversity of the health care workforce. Long-term diversity in the dental profession depends on a more diverse student population in dental schools. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Dental Medicine's (UNLV SDM) Dental Prospects Club is a predental education program that has increased the number of underrepresented minority and disadvantaged students in the school by concentrating on outreach, recruitment, and retention initiatives. The approaches used by the club members and faculty advisors to increase the number of underrepresented minority students recruited to and enrolled in the UNLV SDM are discussed in this report. Also described are the strategies, methods, internal infrastructure, and organizational support used to increase the number of underrepresented minority students at the school.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The authors tracked the declining number of practicing African American dentists and its relationship to the migratory patterns of the black community in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, from Jan. 1, 1970, through Dec. 31, 2010.
The authors conducted a longitudinal study in which they used the Geographic Information System (Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, Calif.) to plot the location of each black-owned dental practice in Cuyahoga County in conjunction with the black population. They calculated the ages of the dentists by using birth dates posted on the Ohio State Dental Board's Web site and divided the dentists into five age groups.
The study results showed that dental practice distributions followed the migratory pattern of the black population from Cleveland to the surrounding suburbs. The number of black dentists in practice decreased from 1986 through 2010 in the Cleveland metropolitan area (Cuyahoga County), and 46.3 percent of the black dentists were projected to retire by 2020.
These results underscore the need to increase the number of black dentists in Cuyahoga County and nationwide. On the basis of the demographic data they found, the authors expect the number of black dentists to continue to decrease if no intervening circumstances occur. Practice Implications. There were 48.8 percent fewer black dentists in Cuyahoga County in 2010 than there were in 1985. If this pattern continued until 2020, there could be a critical shortage of black dentists in Cuyahoga County.
Article · Dec 2011 · Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)